Škofja Loka dialect

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

The Škofja Loka dialect (Slovene: škofjeloško narečje,[1] škofjeloščina[2]) is a Slovene dialect in the Rovte dialect group. It encompasses the local dialects of Škofja Loka and the nearby settlements of Bitnje and Reteče.[3] The Škofja Loka Passion Play, the oldest Slovene drama play, was written in the first half of the 18th century in the old Škofja Loka dialect.

Phonological and morphological characteristics[edit]

The Škofja Loka dialect lacks pitch accent, which has been attributed to the influence of German settlement. It has very narrow o and e vowels, pretonic e and o have raised to i and u, and the offglide -u̯ has sometimes been lost (e.g., volk [vok] > [vok] 'wolf'). The dialect's consonant structure shares many features with the Upper Carniolan dialect and Selca dialect.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Smole, Vera. 1998. "Slovenska narečja." Enciklopedija Slovenije vol. 12, pp. 1–5. Ljubljana: Mladinska knjiga, p. 2.
  2. ^ Benedik, Francka. 1991. "Redukcija v škofjeloškem narečju." Jezikoslovni zapiski 1: 141–146, p. 141.
  3. ^ a b Toporišič, Jože. 1992. Enciklopedija slovenskega jezika. Ljubljana: Cankarjeva založba, p. 322.