Šmarje–Sap

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Šmarje–Sap
Severna stran Šmarja - Sap.jpg
Šmarje–Sap is located in Slovenia
Šmarje–Sap
Šmarje–Sap
Location in Slovenia
Coordinates: 45°58′33.73″N 14°36′38.78″E / 45.9760361°N 14.6107722°E / 45.9760361; 14.6107722Coordinates: 45°58′33.73″N 14°36′38.78″E / 45.9760361°N 14.6107722°E / 45.9760361; 14.6107722
Country Flag of Slovenia.svg Slovenia
Traditional region Lower Carniola
Statistical region Central Slovenia
Municipality Grosuplje
Area
 • Total 3.76 km2 (1.45 sq mi)
Elevation 348 m (1,142 ft)
Population (2012)
 • Total 1,512
 • Density 403/km2 (1,040/sq mi)
[1]

Šmarje–Sap (pronounced [ˈʃmaːɾjɛ ˈsaːp]; Slovene: Šmarje - Sap,[2] German: Sankt Marein[3]) is a settlement in the Municipality of Grosuplje in central Slovenia.[1] The area is part of the historical region of Lower Carniola. The municipality is now included in the Central Slovenia Statistical Region.[4]

Name[edit]

Šmarje–Sap is a compound name. The first part of the name, Šmarje, was attested in 1347 as sand Marien (and as sancta Maria in 1349 and Smariach in 1436, among other names). It is a contraction of the old locative form *šent Marije '(at) Saint Mary', referring to the local church. The second part of the name, Sap, was attested in 1763–1787 as Sapp oder Ispe (the latter is a genitive form, iz Spa 'from Sap'). The name is derived from the Slovene common noun sap 'embankment'.[5]

Landmarks[edit]

The parish church in Šmarje–Sap

The parish church from which the settlement gets its name is dedicated to the Nativity of the Virgin Mary and belongs to the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Ljubljana. It is a 13th-century Romanesque building that was extended and restyled over the centuries. A defence tower that was part of a defence enclosure round the church erected to protect the local population against Ottoman raids survives.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Šmarje-Sap". Place Names. Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia. Retrieved 8 August 2012. 
  2. ^ "Statut občine Grosuplje" [The Statute of the Municipality of Grosuplje]. Uradni list Republike Slovenije (in Slovenian). 8 January 2010. 
  3. ^ Leksikon občin kraljestev in dežel zastopanih v državnem zboru, vol. 6: Kranjsko. 1906. Vienna: C. Kr. Dvorna in Državna Tiskarna, p. 112.
  4. ^ Grosuplje Municipality site
  5. ^ Snoj, Marko. 2009. Etimološki slovar slovenskih zemljepisnih imen. Ljubljana: Modrijan and Založba ZRC, pp. 366–367, 415.
  6. ^ "EŠD 749". Registry of Immovable Cultural Heritage (in Slovenian). Ministry of Culture of the Republic of Slovenia. Retrieved 29 June 2011. 

External links[edit]