Šodolovci

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Šodolovci

Шодоловци (Serbian)[2]
Šodolovci Municipality
Općina Šodolovci[1]
Location of Šodolovci
Šodolovci is located in Croatia
Šodolovci
Šodolovci
Location of Šodolovci in Croatia
Coordinates: 45°23′59″N 18°37′15″E / 45.399748°N 18.620936°E / 45.399748; 18.620936Coordinates: 45°23′59″N 18°37′15″E / 45.399748°N 18.620936°E / 45.399748; 18.620936
Country Croatia
RegionSlavonia (Podunavlje)
CountyZastava Osječko-baranjske županije.png Osijek-Baranja
Government
 • Municipal mayorMile Zlokapa (SDSS)
Area
 • Total78.72 km2 (30.39 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)[3]
 • Total1,653
Time zoneUTC+1 (Central European Time)
Postal code
31 216 Šodolovci
Area code(s)+031
Official languagesCroatian, Serbian[4]
Websitewww.sodolovci.hr

Šodolovci (Serbian Cyrillic: Шодоловци)[5] is a village and a municipality in Osijek-Baranja County in eastern Croatia. In 7 villages of the Šodolovci Municipality there was 1,653 inhabitants at the time of 2011 Census.

Geography[edit]

Šodolovci Municipality is divided into two parts with village Palača and the largest village Silaš constituting an exclave separated from the rest of municipality by Ernestinovo Municipality and village of Laslovo on its closest point. In addition, Silaš Exclave is in itself de facto pene-enclave as the main road between Palača and Silaš goes through the village of Korođ in neighboring Vukovar-Srijem County. Within the main part of the municipality villages Ada and Paulin Dvor are pene-enclaves. Local road between Šodolovci and Ada is not asphalted which is limiting its use during the bad weather conditions and is reorienting transportation over the Ernestinovo Municipality. There is no bridge on Vuka river between Paulin Dvor and the rest of municipality within its boundaries with nearest roads going through Vladislavci or Ernestinovo Municipality. State road D518 passes through the vllage of Ada. Other county roads include Ž4109 and Ž4130. Local L209 railway between VinkovciGabošOsijek passes through the municipality for a couple of hundreds of meters next to the Palača village yet there is no local station as the village is using local station in Laslovo with which it is physically connected. The territory of the municipality is almost completely flat as it is part of the Pannonian Plain. Southern part of the municipality is mostly covered in forest.

History[edit]

Most of the villages in Šodolovci Municipality are in comparison with other settlements in Slavonia relatively new settlements. Village Ada was established in 1921, Palača in 1920, Paulin Dvor in 1922, Petrova Slatina in 1922, Silaš in 1922 and Šodolovci in 1922.[6] The only exception is village Koprivna which was established in 1371.[6] Villages in Šodolovci Municipality were established after the Austria-Hungary was dissolved after the end of World War I and establishment of Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes. Some of the military veterans of the Serbian Army who participated in resistance during the 1914 Serbian Campaign of World War I and in 1918 Salonica Front great Allied offensive were rewarded with land grants at the area of present day Šodolovci Municipality.[6]

Croatian War of Independence[edit]

The Paulin Dvor massacre was an act of mass murder committed by soldiers of the Croatian Army (HV) in the village of Paulin Dvor, near the town of Osijek on 11 December 1991 during the Croatian War of Independence. Of the nineteen victims, eighteen were ethnic Serbs, and one was a Hungarian national. The ages of the victims, eight women and eleven men, ranged from 41 to 85. Two former Croatian soldiers were convicted for their role in the killings and were sentenced to 15 and 11 years, respectively. In November 2010, Croatian President Ivo Josipović laid a wreath at the graveyard of the massacre victims and officially apologized for the killings.

Demographics[edit]

Population[edit]

National structure (2011)

  Serbs (82.58%)
  Croats (15.00%)
  Others (2.42%)

According to the 2011 census, there are 1,365 Serbs, 248 Croats and 40 others.[7] By mother tongue, there are 885 Croatian speakers, 697 Serbian speakers and 71 speakers of other languages.[8] Out of 1,653 inhabitants 874 (52.87%) were female and 779 (47.13%) male with female plurality in each settlement.[9] Largest age group was between 50-54 years with 179 inhabitants.[10] There was not a single child between 0-4 years old in the village of Paulin Dvor while at the level of municipality in total there were 63 inhabitants in this age group.[11]

Languages[edit]

Serbian Language and Serbian Cyrillic alphabet is the second official language in the municipality of Šodolovci alongside with the Croatian language which is official at the national level.[12] Both Serbian and Croatian language are standardized varieties of the Serbo-Croatian language.

Religion[edit]

There are three Serbian Orthodox Churches in Šodolovci Municipality.[13] Those are Church of the Birth of the Most Holy Theotokos in Koprivna, Orthodox Church in Petrova Slatina, and Church of Blessed Prophet Elijah in Silaš.[13] Church of the Birth of the Most Holy Theotokos in Koprivna is a registered monument of architectural heritage from XIV century.[13] This church is a monument of highest category.[13] It was seriously damaged during the Croatian War of Independence.[13]

Politics[edit]

Multilateral cooperation[edit]

Šodolovci municipality is one of seven member municipalities of Joint Council of Municipalities, inter-municipal sui generis organization of Serbian community in eastern Croatia. Joint Council of Municipalities was established in 1997 on the basis of 1995 Erdut Agreement as the body that aligns interests of the Serb ethnic community in the eastern Croatia after the end of United Nations Transitional Administration for Eastern Slavonia, Baranja and Western Sirmium. Alongside Šodolovci, other member municipalities are Negoslavci, Trpinja, Markušica, Erdut, Borovo and Jagodnjak. Council's seat in located in the town of Vukovar.

Settlements[edit]

According to the 2011 census,[14] the municipality consists of 7 settlements:

Economy[edit]

Šodolovci is underdeveloped municipality which is statistically classified as the First Category Area of Special State Concern by the Government of Croatia.[15] Šodolovci Municipality's development index is below 50% of national average which is lower than the average for the Osijek-Baranja County which is between 50-75% of national average.[13] There is only 15 registered small businesses in Šodolovci Municipality, 5 in Silaš, 5 in Palača, 3 in Šodolovci and 2 in Petrova Slatina.[13] Those businesses are registered for wholesale and retail trade, agriculture, cereal production, production of plastic products, road transport of goods, accounting, bookkeeping and auditing services and for trade in tobacco products.[13]

Education[edit]

Culture[edit]

Points of Interest[edit]

Associations and Institutions[edit]

Sport[edit]

The football club NK Hajduk Veljko named after Hajduk Veljko is located in Šodolovci.

Notable natives and residents[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Statute of Šodolovci Municipality
  2. ^ Government of Croatia (October 2013). "Peto izvješće Republike Hrvatske o primjeni Europske povelje o regionalnim ili manjinskim jezicima" (PDF) (in Croatian). Council of Europe. p. 36. Retrieved 30 November 2016.
  3. ^ "Population by Age and Sex, by Settlements, 2011 Census: Šodolovci". Census of Population, Households and Dwellings 2011. Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics. December 2012.
  4. ^ Četvrto izvješće Republike Hrvatske o primjeni Europske povelje o regionalnim ili manjinskim jezicima, Zagreb, 2009
  5. ^ "Minority names in Croatia:Registar Geografskih Imena Nacionalnih Manjina Republike Hrvatske" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-10-29. Retrieved 2013-03-08.
  6. ^ a b c "Naselja općine Šodolovci". Retrieved 30 December 2018.
  7. ^ "Population by Ethnicity, by Towns/Municipalities, 2011 Census: County of Osijek-Baranja". Census of Population, Households and Dwellings 2011. Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics. December 2012.
  8. ^ "Population by Mother Tongue, by Towns/Municipalities, 2011 Census: County of Osijek-Baranja". Census of Population, Households and Dwellings 2011. Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics. December 2012.
  9. ^ "Population by Mother Tongue, by Towns/Municipalities, 2011 Census: County of Osijek-Baranja". Census of Population, Households and Dwellings 2011. Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics. December 2012.
  10. ^ "Population by Mother Tongue, by Towns/Municipalities, 2011 Census: County of Osijek-Baranja". Census of Population, Households and Dwellings 2011. Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics. December 2012.
  11. ^ "Population by Mother Tongue, by Towns/Municipalities, 2011 Census: County of Osijek-Baranja". Census of Population, Households and Dwellings 2011. Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics. December 2012.
  12. ^ Izvješće o provođenju ustavnog zakona o pravima nacionalnih manjina i o utrošku sredstava osiguranih u državnom proračunu Republike Hrvatske za 2008. godinu za potrebe nacionalnih manjina, Zagreb, 2009.
  13. ^ a b c d e f g h "Naselja općine Šodolovci". Retrieved 30 December 2018.
  14. ^ "Population by Age and Sex, by Settlements, 2011 Census: Šodolovci". Census of Population, Households and Dwellings 2011. Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics. December 2012.
  15. ^ Lovrinčević, Željko; Davor, Mikulić; Budak, Jelena (June 2004). "AREAS OF SPECIAL STATE CONCERN IN CROATIA- REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT DIFFERENCES AND THE DEMOGRAPHIC AND EDUCATIONAL CHARACTERISTICS". Ekonomski pregled, Vol.55 No.5-6. Retrieved 25 August 2018.