Šumarice Memorial Park

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October in Kragujevac Memorial Park
Native name
Serbian: Spomen-park „Kragujevački oktobar" / Спомен-парк „Крагујевачки октобар"
"Interrupted Flight" monument
TypeMemorial park
LocationKragujevac, Serbia
CoordinatesCoordinates: 44°01′24″N 20°54′02″E / 44.02333°N 20.90056°E / 44.02333; 20.90056
Area350 hectares (860 acres)
Built1953 (1953)
ArchitectMihajlo Mitrović and Radivoje Tomić
TypeHistoric Landmark of Exceptional Importance
Reference no.ЗМ 9

October in Kragujevac Memorial Park (Serbian: Spomen-park „Kragujevački oktobar", Спомен-парк „Крагујевачки октобар"), also known as Šumarice Memorial Park (Memorijalni park Šumarice, Меморијални парк Шумарице), is the site near Kragujevac, Serbia of the execution of an estimated 2,800 men and boys of the town by the German occupation forces on October 21, 1941, during World War II (Kragujevac massacre). According to noted historian Philip J. Cohen, "All males from the town between the ages of sixteen and sixty were assembled and the victims -- including high school students -- were selected from among them."[1]

Monuments within the park include the monument to the murdered schoolchildren and their teachers (the "Interrupted Flight" monument) by sculptor Miodrag Živković; the "Monument of pain and defiance" by sculptor Ante Gržetić; the "One hundred for one" monument by Nandor Glid; the "Resistance and Freedom" monument by Gržetić; and the Shoeshiners monument ("Crystal Flower") by architect Nebojša Delja. The complex also contains the Monument to the Slovaks killed during the World War I and the old World War I military cemetery with a Monument to Serbian soldier.[2]

The 21 October Museum designed by architect Ivan Antić is located at the site of the massacre.

Picture gallery[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Philip. J. Cohen, "Serbia's Secret War", p.38
  2. ^ Šumarice Memorial Park at www.spomenicikulture.mi.sanu.ac.rs

External links[edit]