Šventoji (Neris)

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Šventoji
SventojiRiverMap.png
Map of the Šventoji river
Location
CountryLithuania
Physical characteristics
Source 
 ⁃ locationLake Samanis
 ⁃ elevation225 m (738 ft)
MouthNeris
 ⁃ coordinates
55°05′39″N 24°21′05″E / 55.09417°N 24.35139°E / 55.09417; 24.35139Coordinates: 55°05′39″N 24°21′05″E / 55.09417°N 24.35139°E / 55.09417; 24.35139
Length246 km (153 mi)
Basin size6,889 km2 (2,660 sq mi)
Discharge 
 ⁃ average56.1 m3/s (1,980 cu ft/s)
Basin features
ProgressionNerisNemanBaltic Sea

The Šventoji (Lithuanian: [ɕvʲɛnˈtôːjɪ] (About this soundlisten); lit. The Holy One) is the longest river that flows entirely within Lithuania and the largest tributary of the Neris.[1] It originates from the Lake Samanis in the Gražutė Regional Park and flows into Neris near Jonava.[2] The longest tributary of the Šventoji is the Širvinta.

The Šventoji passes through the cities of Anykščiai, Kavarskas and Ukmergė. In 1963–1964 a dam near Kavarskas was built to replenish the Nevėžis using water from the Šventoji. However, the dam is no longer used as it is too expensive, ineffective, and violates environmental regulations of the European Union.[3] In 1959 the Antalieptė Reservoir, the second largest artificial lake in Lithuania, was built on the Šventoji.[2]

Tributaries[edit]

The following rivers are tributaries to the river Šventoji (from source to mouth):

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Šventosios pabaseinis" (in Lithuanian). Aplinkos apsaugos agentūra. 2009-04-27. Retrieved 2009-07-13.
  2. ^ a b "Ten kur prasideda Šventoji..." (in Lithuanian). Gražutė Regional Park. Retrieved 2009-07-13.
  3. ^ Subačius, Gintautas (2006-07-19). "Nevėžio troškulys didėja" (in Lithuanian). Sekunde.lt.