Železná Ruda

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Železná Ruda
Town
Aerial view
Aerial view
Flag of Železná Ruda
Flag
Coat of arms of Železná Ruda
Coat of arms
Železná Ruda is located in Czech Republic
Železná Ruda
Železná Ruda
Location in the Czech Republic
Coordinates: 49°8′28″N 13°13′48″E / 49.14111°N 13.23000°E / 49.14111; 13.23000Coordinates: 49°8′28″N 13°13′48″E / 49.14111°N 13.23000°E / 49.14111; 13.23000
CountryCzech Republic
RegionPlzeň
DistrictKlatovy
Little DistrictKlatovy
Parts
Government
 • MayorFilip Smola
Area
 • Total79.79 km2 (30.81 sq mi)
Elevation
820 m (2,690 ft)
Population
 (2015-01-01)
 • Total1,745
 • Density22/km2 (57/sq mi)
Postal code
340 04
Websitehttps://www.zelezna-ruda.cz/

Železná Ruda (literally "iron ore", Czech pronunciation: [ˈʒɛlɛznaː ˈruda], German: Markt Eisenstein) is a town in the Pilsen Region of the Czech Republic. It is located in the Šumava Mountains, close to the border with Bavaria and the German town Bayerisch Eisenstein. It is one of the important sports and tourism centres of the Šumava Mountains. The German name of the town comes from The Middle Ages, when it was a market town. Its German population was expelled after 1945.

Geography and Climate[edit]

Železná Ruda, lying in a wild mountain terrain between 710 and 1,214 metres (2,329 and 3,983 ft) is surrounded with thick coniferous woods. Its climate is cool and wet humid continental hemiboreal (Dfb) with moderately cold, long winters and cool summers. Average July temperature is 15.1 °C (59.2 °F) and average January temperature is −4.2 °C (24.4 °F). All year average is 5.7 °C (42.3 °F) and there falls some 967 mm of precipitations.

Climate data for Markt Eisenstein - Železná Ruda
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) −1.2
(29.8)
0.1
(32.2)
5.2
(41.4)
10.3
(50.5)
15.3
(59.5)
18.6
(65.5)
20.3
(68.5)
19.7
(67.5)
16.3
(61.3)
10.7
(51.3)
4.0
(39.2)
0.2
(32.4)
10.0
(50.0)
Daily mean °C (°F) −4.2
(24.4)
−3.4
(25.9)
0.9
(33.6)
5.3
(41.5)
10.0
(50.0)
13.4
(56.1)
15.1
(59.2)
14.6
(58.3)
11.3
(52.3)
6.4
(43.5)
1.2
(34.2)
−2.4
(27.7)
5.7
(42.3)
Average low °C (°F) −7.2
(19.0)
−6.9
(19.6)
−3.4
(25.9)
0.3
(32.5)
4.7
(40.5)
8.2
(46.8)
9.9
(49.8)
9.5
(49.1)
6.4
(43.5)
2.2
(36.0)
−1.6
(29.1)
−4.9
(23.2)
1.4
(34.5)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 85
(3.3)
60
(2.4)
70
(2.8)
59
(2.3)
86
(3.4)
96
(3.8)
111
(4.4)
101
(4.0)
80
(3.1)
64
(2.5)
64
(2.5)
91
(3.6)
967
(38.1)
Source: Climate-Data.ORG [1]

Places of interest[edit]

Natural[edit]

The town is surrounded by forests and green mountains. There are many popular tourist sites, such as the lakes Černé jezero and Čertovo jezero and Špičák peak (1,202 m).

Historical[edit]

Historical sites include the Church of Panna Maria Pomocná z Hvězdy (with an Eastern-style cupola), the Chapel of St. Barbora (saint of mineworkers) and the Way of the Cross. The local museum and information centre are located in a house, which was the home to a well-known family of glassmakers in the past. There is an exhibition of traditional glass, documents and photographs concerning history available all year round.

Technical[edit]

The longest train tunnel (1,747 m) in the Czech Republic goes under Špičák peak.

Economy[edit]

The local economy is very dependent on tourism because Železná Ruda is one of the most popular skiing centres of Šumava,[citation needed] as well as a starting point for many hiking trips on both sides of the border. The town has also gained a reputation as a hotspot for prostitution since the Velvet Revolution.[1][2][3]

Transport[edit]

The town is located on a train line leading from Plzeň and Klatovy to the border station at Bayerisch Eisenstein, named Železná Ruda-Alžbětín in Czech. This station building is divided by the national border between the Czech Republic and Germany.

References[edit]