This article needs additional citations for verification. (August 2014) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
Esh (majuscule: Ʃ Unicode U+01A9, minuscule: ʃ Unicode U+0283) is a character used in conjunction with the Latin script. Its lowercase form ʃ is similar to a long s ſ or an integral sign ∫; in 1928 the Africa Alphabet borrowed the Greek letter Sigma for the uppercase form Ʃ, but more recently the African reference alphabet discontinued it, using the lowercase esh only. The lowercase form was introduced by Isaac Pitman in his 1847 Phonotypic Alphabet to represent the voiceless postalveolar fricative (English sh). It is today used in the International Phonetic Alphabet, as well as in the alphabets of some African languages.
Esh is also the name of the letter 𐌎 of the Old Italic alphabet.
The letter esh can be inserted using unofficial "English (International)" layout: uppercase Ʃ can be inserted with AltGr+Shift/Caps Lock+F+S while lowercase ʃ is AltGr+F+S.
The International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) uses U+0283 ʃ LATIN SMALL LETTER ESH to represent a voiceless palato-alveolar sibilant. Related obsolete IPA characters include U+01AA ƪ LATIN LETTER REVERSED ESH LOOP, U+0285 ʅ LATIN SMALL LETTER SQUAT REVERSED ESH, and U+0286 ʆ LATIN SMALL LETTER ESH WITH CURL.
- Long s (the character ſ)
- Sigma (the Greek letter Σ)
- Sz (digraph)
- Sh (digraph)
- Sch (trigraph)
- Sci (trigraph)
- Sc (digraph)
- Ch (digraph)
- Sha (the Cyrillic letter)
- ഽ (Praslesham)
- Everson, Michael; Dicklberger, Alois; Pentzlin, Karl; Wandl-Vogt, Eveline (2011-06-02). "L2/11-202: Revised proposal to encode "Teuthonista" phonetic characters in the UCS" (PDF).
- Constable, Peter (2004-04-19). "L2/04-132 Proposal to add additional phonetic characters to the UCS" (PDF).
|This article related to the Latin script is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|
|This phonetics article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|