ǃGãǃne language

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ǃGãǃne
Region South Africa
Extinct early 20th century
Tuu
  • ǃKwi
    • ǃGãǃne
Language codes
ISO 639-3 included in kqu[1]
Glottolog gang1269[2]

ǃGãǃne (!Gã!nge) is an extinct language of the ǃKwi family, once spoken near Tsolo and in Umtata District in South Africa, south of Lesotho. The only material on the language is 140 words collected from two semi-speakers (rememberers) in 1931.[3]

Like ǁXegwi, ǃGãǃne is considered an "outlier" among the !Kwi languages by Güldemann (2005, 2011). Ethnologue and Glottolog count it as a dialect of Seroa,[4] though the two have no demonstrable connection apart from being in the !Kwi family.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ethnologue erroneously includes !Gã!ne in Seroa, but the two languages have only one known word in common.
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin; Bank, Sebastian, eds. (2016). "!Gã!nge". Glottolog 2.7. Jena: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. 
  3. ^ a b Anthony Traill, "The Khoisan Languages of South Africa", in Rajend Mesthrie, ed., 1995, Language and Social History: Studies in South African Sociolinguistics
  4. ^ Seroa at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)