Dental, alveolar and postalveolar lateral flaps

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Alveolar lateral flap
ɺ
IPA number 181
Encoding
Entity (decimal) ɺ
Unicode (hex) U+027A
X-SAMPA l\
Kirshenbaum *<lat>
Braille ⠦ (braille pattern dots-236) ⠼ (braille pattern dots-3456)
Sound

The alveolar lateral flap is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ⟨ɺ⟩, a fusion of a rotated lowercase letter ⟨r⟩ with a letter ⟨l⟩.

Some languages that are described as having a lateral flap actually have a flap that is indeterminate with respect to centrality, and may surface as either central or lateral, either in free variation or allophonically depending on surrounding vowels and consonants.[1]

Features[edit]

Features of the alveolar lateral flap:

Occurrence[edit]

Dental[edit]

Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Chaga[2] [example needed] Laminal dental.[2]

Alveolar[edit]

Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Japanese[3] /roku [ɺo̞kɯ̟ᵝ] 'six' More commonly [ɾ]. See Japanese phonology
Pirahã toogixi [tòːɺ͡ɺ̼ìʔì] 'hoe' Only used in some types of speech
Wayuu püülükü [pɯːɺɯkɯ] 'pig' Contrasts with /r/

Postalveolar[edit]

Postalveolar lateral flap
ɺ̠
IPA number 181 414
Encoding
Unicode (hex) U+027A U+0320
Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Norwegian Trøndersk[4] glas [ˈɡɺ̠ɑːs] 'glass' Realization of the tjukk l according to Grønnum (2005). See Norwegian phonology
O'odham[2] [example needed] Apical.[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Bibliography[edit]