α-Santalol

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α-Santalol
(Z)-alpha-santalol.svg
Alpha-santalol-stickModel.png
Names
IUPAC name
(Z)-5-(2,3-Dimethyltricyclol[2.2.1.02,6]hept-3-yl)-2-methylpent-2-en-1-ol
Identifiers
3D model (JSmol)
ChemSpider
ECHA InfoCard 100.003.730
EC Number 204-102-8
Properties
C15H24O
Molar mass 220.36 g·mol−1
Appearance Liquid
Density 0.9770 g/cm3
Boiling point 166 °C (331 °F; 439 K)
Practically insoluble
Solubility in ethanol Soluble
Solubility in diethyl ether Soluble
+10.3°
1.5017
Related compounds
Related terpeness
β-Santalol
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
Infobox references

α-Santalol is an organic compound that is classified as a sesquiterpene. It comprises about 55% of the oil of sandalwood, another less abundant component being β-santalol. As of 2002, about 60 tons of sandalwood oil are produced annually by steam distillation of the heartwood of Santalum album. It is a valued component for perfumes.[1]

The oil content varies greatly within the different sandalwood species. This level is typically highest in the album, paniculatum and yasi. The scent profile also changes considerably between the different species' oils.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karl-Georg Fahlbusch, Franz-Josef Hammerschmidt, Johannes Panten, Wilhelm Pickenhagen, Dietmar Schatkowski, Kurt Bauer, Dorothea Garbe, Horst Surburg "Flavors and Fragrances" in Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry, Wiley-VCH, Weinheim: 2002. Published online: 15 January 2003; doi:10.1002/14356007.a11_141.