|This article needs additional citations for verification. (March 2015)|
||The examples and perspective in this article may not include all significant viewpoints. (March 2015)|
µTorrent 3.3.2 on Windows 7 64-bit
|Original author(s)||Ludvig Strigeus|
|Initial release||September 18, 2005|
3.8 (August 16, 2015 ) [±]
1.8.6 (Beta; build 35115) (October 22, 2014 ) [±]
|Operating system||Android (2.1 and later), Linux (officially supported using Wine; native server version also available), Microsoft Windows, OS X (10.5; Intel and PPC)|
|Size||8.69 MB (Android)
2.09-2.23 MB (Linux)
1.66 MB (Microsoft Windows)
1.29 MB (OS X)
|Available in||67 languages|
µTorrent, or uTorrent (see pronunciation) is a freeware, ad-supported, proprietary BitTorrent client owned and developed by BitTorrent, Inc. With over 100 million users it is the most widely used BitTorrent client outside China; globally only behind Xunlei. The "µ" (Greek letter "mu") in its name comes from the SI prefix "micro-", referring to the program's small memory footprint: the program was designed to use minimal computer resources while offering functionality comparable to larger BitTorrent clients such as Vuze or BitComet. The program has received consistently good reviews for its feature set, performance, stability, and support for older hardware and versions of Windows.
The program has been in active development since its first release in 2005. Although originally developed by Ludvig Strigeus, since December 7, 2006, the code is owned and maintained by BitTorrent, Inc. The code has also been employed by BitTorrent, Inc. as the basis for version 6.0 and above of the BitTorrent client, a re-branded version of µTorrent. All versions are written in C++.
- 1 History
- 2 Features
- 3 Revenue
- 4 Pronunciation
- 5 Contributors
- 6 Reception
- 7 Languages
- 8 See also
- 9 References
- 10 External links
Out of general discontent with bloatware, Serge Paquet suggested to Ludvig Strigeus that he should make a smaller and more efficient BitTorrent client. Strigeus began to conceptualize the plans for the program's development, which, at the time, did not include making the client feature-rich. After initially working on it for about a month during the last quarter of 2004 (the first build is dated October 17, 2004), mostly during his free time before and after work, Strigeus ceased coding µTorrent for a year. He resumed work on September 15, 2005, and three days later, the first public release (version 1.1 beta) was made available as freeware, and began generating feedback.
On March 4, 2006, PeerFactor SARL announced the signing of a six-month contract with Strigeus for the development of "new content distribution applications on the Web." PeerFactor SARL is a relatively new company formed by former employees of PeerFactor, which was a subsidiary of the French anti-piracy organization Retspan.
Ludde stated that his coding for PeerFactor SARL was to use his expertise at optimization of the BitTorrent protocol to create a .dll which PeerFactor SARL intended to use as part of a distribution platform for files in a corporate setting. At the time there was some speculation that μTorrent may have been modified to spy on users on Peerfactor's behalf, however to date (even following μTorrent's acquisition by BitTorrent, Inc.) no evidence has been produced to support these allegations.
On September 18, 2007, BitTorrent 6.0 was released, which is a re-branded version of µTorrent. As a result, BitTorrent 6 is closed-source (unlike BitTorrent 5.x and before, which were open source software).
Magnet Link (URI) Support
Support for Magnet Links (URIs) was added in version 1.8, released on August 9, 2008. Magnet Links were designed as an alternative to traditional tracker torrent files and became popularized when sites such as The Pirate Bay included native support for the format.
||This article is in a list format that may be better presented using prose. (March 2011)|
Features present in µTorrent include:
- Teredo tunneling / IPv6 support
- Micro Transport Protocol (µTP) preliminary support as of 1.8.2 with full-support added in 2.0
- UPnP support for all versions of Windows, without needing Windows XP's UPnP framework
- Protocol encryption (PE)
- Peer exchange (PEX) with other BitTorrent clients:
- RSS ("broadcatching")
- "Trackerless" BitTorrent support using DHT, compatible with the original BitTorrent client and BitComet
- User configurable intelligent disk caching system
- Full proxy server support
- HTTPS tracker support
- Configurable bandwidth scheduler
- Localized for 67 languages.
- Initial seeding of torrents
- Customizable search bar & user interface design.
- Configuration settings and temporary files are stored in a single directory, allowing portable use
- WebUI: A plugin currently in beta testing that allows µTorrent running on one computer to be controlled from another computer, either across the internet or on a LAN, using a Web browser
- A new web user interface, codenamed Falcon, is in development. It supports encrypted sessions and the ability of going through firewalls without port forwarding, while being more complete and easier to start using than its predecessor.
- Embedded Tracker: a simple tracker designed for seeding torrents, lacking a web interface or list of hosted torrents. It is not designed for secure or large-scale application.
- Quick-resumes interrupted transfers
- Versions of µTorrent up to 1.8.5 build 17091 can use as little as 14 MB of RAM running on a 486 processor on Windows 95.
- Two "easter egg" hidden features in the About subsection of Help: clicking the µTorrent logo plays a Deep Note-like sound effect, and typing the letter "t" starts a Tetris-like game called μTris, which in 2008 was selected as #1 of the "Top 10 Software Easter Eggs" by LifeHacker.
µTorrent is shipped as a single stand-alone compressed executable file, installed at first run. Recent versions have included the ability to install themselves on first run. Small executable size is achieved by avoiding the use of many libraries, notably the C++ standard library and stream facilities, and creating substitutes written specifically for the program. The executable is then compressed to roughly half of its compiled and linked size using UPX.
Operating system support
On September 2, 2010, the native Linux version of µTorrent Server was released. Firon, an administrator of the µTorrent community forum, said that they had been working on this project for a few months prior to the release as it was the most requested feature for some time. This release is intended for users who are seeking a fast command-line interface based BitTorrent client with a remote web-based management. They also mentioned that a full featured client with a GUI is a work in progress. He also said: "This is a native Linux port and is known to work on Ubuntu 9.10+, Debian 5+ and Fedora 12+. Others may work, but they are not officially supported. Kernel 2.6.13 or newer required. 64-bit host systems currently have some problems, so 32-bit only for now. For trackers who whitelist, the user agent is "uTorrent/300B(build#)(server)". The peerid is identical to the Windows 3.0 client. They share version numbers because of a common codebase."
In early versions, Strigeus had built in a web redirection via nanotorrent for search queries entered through the search bar that displayed advertisements in a frame on the web browser. Some users thought this suspicious because tracking could be implemented by recording the IP addresses of those downloading/receiving the advertisements, and the search functionality could easily be used to track user queries through whichever web-interface the client is going through to execute the search. After a short trial period, the advertising was disabled, mitigating possible concerns.
A later version of the software has, instead of ads, a "search all sites" feature, which is a keyword-based search bar that delivers listings of torrent files at different trackers. A frame at the top displays advertisements (server-side) in the browser when the search function is used. In version 1.5, no ads are present in the program itself.
As of build 463, a redirect bypass feature became available in the Advanced options.
As of version 1.8.2, the µTorrent installer gives the user the option to download and install the Ask.com toolbar. This is done on the first run of the program and the user may explicitly opt out of this feature by deselecting it. The developers stated the addition was needed for funds to continue development. In late 2010, this was replaced with the Conduit Engine.
In late 2010, some controversy arose with a release of µTorrent which included adware in the form of the Conduit Engine, which installed a toolbar, and made homepage and default search engine changes to a user's web browser. A number of users reported that the installation was made without the user's consent. There were some complaints that the adware software was difficult to remove. In 2011, µTorrent bundled the Bing Toolbar.
On July 15, 2011, BitTorrent announced that they would offer a paid version of µTorrent called "µTorrent Plus". This new version would offer extra features, such as integrated file conversion, anti-virus and a built in media player. On 6 October 2011, the Pre-alpha of µTorrent Plus was released to an invitation only community. As of December 2011, µTorrentPlus 3.1 was available for $24.95; as of December 2014, the Plus version was available as a $19.95 yearly subscription.
Ads and malware
In August 2012, BitTorrent announced the addition of advertising in the free version of µTorrent which could be individually dismissed by users. Due to response from users, a few days later, the company stated that ads could be optionally turned off. A user-created tool known as "Pimp My µTorrent" was also created to simplify the process of disabling ads in the Windows version. Starting with µTorrent version 3.2.2, the software also contains in-content advertisements described as "Featured Torrent". As with ads, it is possible to disable this content.
In March 2015, it was alleged that µTorrent had automatically installed a program known as Epic Scale—a program classified as "riskware" by some security programs, which mines the cryptocurrency Litecoin in the background for BitTorrent, Inc. (allegedly giving a cut to charity), utilizing CPU and GPU power. A µTorrent developer disputed the claim that it was automatically installed, and claimed that as with all other "partner" programs bundled with the software, users could decline the installation. On 28 March, Epic Scale was permanently removed from the installation and as a software bundle partner.
The author of µTorrent wrote in 2005, "I usually say 'you torrent' because it looks like a u", and offered "microtorrent", "mytorrent" (as "my" [myː] is the Swedish pronunciation of the Greek letter µ) and later "mutorrent" as alternate pronunciations.
Original development was performed by Ludvig Strigeus ("ludde", from Sweden), the creator of µTorrent. Serge Paquet ("vurlix", from Canada) acted as release coordinator, and had intended to work on Linux and Mac OS X ports. He maintained the µTorrent website and forum up until the end of 2005, but is no longer affiliated with µTorrent.
Development after the purchase by BitTorrent is performed by developers Adam Kelly ("AdamK"), Arvid Norberg ("arvid", author of libtorrent), among others at BitTorrent Inc. Strigeus is no longer affiliated.
μTorrent was once praised for its small size and minimal computer resources used, which set it apart from other clients. PC Magazine stated that it "packs an outstanding array of features" in 2006 and listed it in their 2008 "Best free 157 software tools". It was also in PC World's "101 Fantastic freebies". The website TorrentFreak.com said it was the most feature rich BitTorrent client available, later summarizing a 2009 University of California, Riverside study which concluded that "µTorrent Download Speeds Beat Vuze By 16%" on average and "on 10% of [the 30 most used] ISPs, µTorrent users were downloading 30% faster than Vuze users". About.com said it was the best BitTorrent client available, citing its small size and "minimal impact to the rest of your computer's speed." Wired.com said its "memory footprint is also ridiculously small". PC & Tech Authority magazine (Australia) gave it 6 stars (out of 6). Lifehacker.com rated it the best BitTorrent client available (Windows) in 2008 and 2011 (Windows and Mac). CNET.com gave it 5 stars (of 5) saying it features "light and quick downloading".
The software is available in over 65 languages.
- "Download - µTorrent - a (very) tiny BitTorrent client". www.utorrent.com. 2014-02-19.
- "Current Stable Release". http://releasenotes.utorrent.com. 2015-01-07.
- "Download - µTorrent - a (very) tiny BitTorrent client". www.utorrent.com. 2013-04-03.
- "Current Stable Mac Release".
- "uTorrent for Mac release notes PPC".
- BitTorrent (March 7, 2013). "µTorrent® - Torrent Downloader". Google Play. Google. Retrieved November 18, 2014.
- "µTorrent Version History". www.apk4fun.com. 2015-03-17.
- "Announcing The New µTorrent Server for Linux". Announcements (Linux). forum.utorrent.com. 2013-11-20. Retrieved 2015-01-06.
- "µTorrent Beta Release Notes". 2014-12-15. Retrieved 2015-01-06.
- "µTorrent Mac 1.8.6 beta". macreleasenotes.utorrent.com. 2014-10-22. Retrieved 2015-01-06.
- Lextrait, Vincent (January 2010). "The Programming Languages Beacon, v10.0". Retrieved 14 March 2010.
- "Wine Support Honor Roll". Retrieved 2009-12-16.
- "Announcing The New µTorrent Server for Linux". Announcements (Linux). forum.utorrent.com. 2013-11-20. Retrieved 2015-01-06.
- Spotify Reminded of uTorrent past after branding Grooveshark "pirates". TorrentFreak. November 12, 2014.
- "Thunder Blasts µTorrent’s Market Share Away". TorrentFreak. 2009-12-04. Retrieved 2009-12-16.
- "BitTorrent Inc Buys µTorrent". TorrentFreak. 2006-12-07. Retrieved 2009-12-16.
- "µTorrent Sign Six Month PeerFactor Agreement". Slyck.com. 2006-03-04. Retrieved 2009-12-16.
- "µTorrent, PeerFactor deal". p2pnet. 2006-03-04. Retrieved 2009-12-16.
- "Bizarre µTorrent, PeerFactor deal". p2pnet. 2006-03-06. Retrieved 2009-12-16.
- "µTorrent 1.8 released". Official BitTorrent Forum. BitTorrent. Inc. Retrieved 2012-01-12.
- "Forum: TRANSLATORS NEEDED!". BitTorrent, Inc. 2006-07-02. Retrieved 2009-12-16.
- "Forum: User Interface Design". BitTorrent, Inc. Retrieved 2009-12-16.
- "Read this first — Falcon introduction (2.1 build 18069) - Forums — µTorrent — The Lightweight and Efficient BitTorrent Client". Forum.utorrent.com. Retrieved 2010-06-04.
- "Documentation: How to Make a Torrent". BitTorrent, Inc. Retrieved 2009-12-16.
- "µTorrent 1.8.5 released — Forums — µTorrent — The Lightweight and Efficient BitTorrent Client". Forum.utorrent.com. Retrieved 2010-06-04.
- "FAQ: What are µTorrent's system requirements? (Archived version)". BitTorrent, Inc. Archived from the original on 2008-06-19.
- Wolf, David; Wolf, Annette. "utorrent Easter Eggs". eeggs.com. The Easter Egg Archive, Wolfsites LLC. Retrieved 2011-09-06.
- Čech, Nikola (2006-09-17). "µTorrent" (in Czech). eMag.cz. Retrieved 2011-09-06.
- "Features List". BitTorrent User Manual - Chapter 1. Bittorrent Inc. Retrieved 2011-09-06.
- Trapani, Gina (2008-03-23). "Top 10 Software Easter Eggs". Lifehacker.com. Retrieved 2011-09-06.
- "Help: What are µTorrent's system requirements?". BitTorrent, Inc. Retrieved 2015-01-06.
- "µTorrent Releases Long-Awaited Mac Version". TorrentFreak. 2008-11-27. Retrieved 2009-12-16.
- "Forum: µTorrent Server 3.0 alpha build 21886 (for Linux)". BitTorrent, Inc. 2010-09-02. Retrieved 2010-10-14.
- "Forum: The search bypass nanotorrent.com (post by Admin "Firon")". BitTorrent, Inc. Retrieved 2009-12-16.
- "Forum: µTorrent 1.8.2 released". BitTorrent, Inc. 2009-01-24. Retrieved 2009-12-16.
- "µTorrent Is Going to Make Money With a Toolbar". TorrentFreak. 2009-04-22. Retrieved 2009-12-16.
- "µTorrent Browser Toolbar Mystery Causes Confusion". Torrentfreak. 2010-12-18. Retrieved 2011-08-11.
- "So long, µTorrent". First Arkansas News. 2010-12-15. Retrieved 2011-08-11.
- Schindler, Martin (February 5, 2011). "Foistware - Die untergejubelte Software" [Foistware - The under-hyped software] (in German). silicon.de. Retrieved 2013-04-07. Translation
- "Now Taking Reservations – µTorrent Plus". Official BitTorrent blog. BitTorrent. Inc. Retrieved 2011-07-15.
- "µTorrent Plus Update". Official BitTorrent blog. BitTorrent. Inc. Retrieved 2011-10-14.
- Mlot, Stephanie (August 13, 2012). "µTorrent Updates Software to Include Ads". PCMag.com. Retrieved 2012-09-18.
- McEntegart, Jane (August 17, 2012). "µTorrent Makes New Ads Optional". Tom's Hardware. Retrieved 2012-09-18.
- "Remove µTorrent Ads in One Click With “Pimp My µTorrent”". http://torrentfreak.com. Retrieved 2015-02-20.
- Brinkmann, Martin (November 9, 2012). "µTorrent 3.2.2 update brings in-content ads". Ghacks.net. Retrieved 2013-05-02.
- "uTorrent's latest update installs a cryptocurrency miner". The Verge. Retrieved 6 March 2015.
- Dent, Steve. "Popular torrent client can steal your CPU cycles to mine Bitcoins". Engadget. Retrieved 6 March 2015.
- Ernesto. "uTorrent Quietly Installs Cryptocurrency Miner, Users Complain". Torrentfreak. Retrieved 6 March 2015.
- "Important Update About Epic Scale Partner Offer". Retrieved 4 April 2015.
- "Forum: µTorrent Namesake (post by creator "Ludde")". Ludvig Strigeus. 2005-09-20. Retrieved 2009-12-16.
- "Meet Our Team: Inaugural Edition with Adam Kelly | The Official BitTorrent Blog". Blog.bittorrent.com. Retrieved 2013-05-02.
- "Review: µTorrent 1.2.2". PC Magazine. 2006-11-06. Retrieved 2009-12-16.
- "The Best Free Software 2008 - 157 software tools". PC Magazine. February 8, 2008.
- "101 Fantastic freebies". PC World. 2007-03-28.
- Ernesto (2006-04-22). "BitTorrent Client Comparison". TorrentFreak. Retrieved 2009-12-16.
- Iliofotou, Marios; Siganos, Georgos; Yang, Xiaoyuan; Rodriguez, Pablo (August 2009). "Comparing BitTorrent Clients in the Wild: The Case of Download Speed" (PDF). University of California, Riverside & TorrentFreak. Retrieved 2010-04-11.
- Ernesto (2010-04-07). "µTorrent Download Speeds Beat Vuze By 16%". TorrentFreak. Retrieved 2010-04-11.
- "What Are The Good BitTorrent Software Packages?". About.com. August 2009. Retrieved 2009-12-16.
- "The Best of BitTorrent". Wired.com. 2006-10-23. Retrieved 2009-12-16.
- "Labs test: Torrent Clients". PC & Tech Authority (Australia). 2006-03-14. Retrieved 2009-12-16.
- "Best of the Best: The Hive Five Winners". Lifehacker. 2008-09-21. Retrieved 2009-12-16.
- Gordon, Whitson (November 1, 2011). "The Best Bittorrent Client for Windows". Lifehacker.com. Retrieved 2013-02-05.
- Dachis, Adam (October 31, 2011). "The Best BitTorrent Client for Mac". Lifehacker.com. Retrieved 2013-02-05.
- "Review: µTorrent". CNET. 2008-11-06. Retrieved 2009-12-16.
- "µTorrent Users Double to 52 Million in a Year". TorrentFreak. 2009-12-25. Retrieved on 2010-11-09.
- O'Flaherty, Kate (January 10, 2012). "Bit Torrent user numbers rise to 150 million per month". The Inquirer (UK). Retrieved 2013-02-05.
- Leyden, John (2009-09-10). "P2P pushes IPv6 surge". The Register (UK). Retrieved 2013-02-05.
- Official website
- µTorrent on Google Play
- uTorrent: A Beginner's Guide to BitTorrent Downloading by Jared M
- p2pnet uTorrent interview by Alex H
- Can great software live in 130 kilobytes? by George Ou
- Glasnost test BitTorrent traffic shaping (Max Planck Institute for Software Systems)