Shcha

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Щ)
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Cyrillic letter Shcha
Cyrillic letter Shcha - uppercase and lowercase.svg
The Cyrillic script
Slavic letters
АБВГҐДЂ
ЃЕЀЁЄЖЗ
З́ЅИЍІЇЙ
ЈКЛЉМНЊ
ОПРСС́ТЋ
ЌУЎФХЦЧ
ЏШЩЪЫЬЭ
ЮЯ
Non-Slavic letters
А́А̀ӐА̄А̊А̃Ӓ
Ӓ̄В̌ӘӘ́Ә̃ӚӔ
ҒГ̧Г̑Г̄Г̣Г̌Ҕ
ӺҒ̌ӶԀԂ
Д̆Д̣ԪԬД̆Ӗ
Е̄Е̃Ё̄Є̈ӁҖ
ӜԄҘӞЗ̌З̱З̣
ԐԐ̈ӠԆӢИ̃Ҋ
ӤИ́ҚӃҠҞҜ
ԞК̣ԚӅԮԒԠ
ԈԔӍӉҢԨӇ
ҤԢԊО́О̀О̆О̂
О̃О̄ӦӦ̄ӨӨ̄Ө́
Ө̆ӪҨԤҦР̌Ҏ
ԖҪС̣С̱ԌТ̌Т̣
ҬԎУ̃Ӯ
ӰӰ́ӲҮҮ́ҰХ̣
Х̱Х̮Х̑ҲӼӾҺ
Һ̈ԦҴҶӴ
ӋҸҼҾ
Ы̆Ы̄ӸҌЭ̆Э̄Э̇
ӬӬ́Ӭ̄Ю̆Ю̈Ю̈́Ю̄
Я̆Я̄Я̈ԘԜӀ
Archaic letters
ҀѺ
ѸѠѼѾ
ѢѤѦ
ѪѨѬѮ
ѰѲѴѶ

Sht (Щ щ; italics: Щ щ) is a letter of the Cyrillic script. In Russian, it represents the voiceless alveolo-palatal fricative /ɕ(ː)/, like the pronunciation of ⟨sh⟩ in sheep (but longer). In Ukrainian and Rusyn, it represents the consonant cluster /ʃt͡ʃ/. In Bulgarian, it represents the consonant cluster /ʃt/. In Kurdish, it represents the consonant /d͡ʒ/. Other non-Slavic languages written in Cyrillic use this letter to spell the few loanwords that use it or foreign names; it is usually pronounced /ʃ/ and is often omitted when teaching those languages.

In English, Shcha is romanized as ⟨shch⟩ or ⟨šč⟩ (with hačeks) (occasionally ⟨sch⟩, all reflecting the historical Russian pronunciation of the letter. That can lead to some confusion, as the ⟨ch⟩ in the transcription may seem to indicate that Щ is a combination of Ш and a strong Ч, which is true in Ukrainian but not Russian, where this sound is always more softened. The letter Щ in Russian and Ukrainian corresponds to ШЧ in related words in Belarusian.

History[edit]

The Cyrillic letter Shcha was derived from the Glagolitic letter Shta (GlagolitsaShta.gif).

The name in the Early Cyrillic alphabet was шта (šta) and is preserved in modern Bulgarian; it is pronounced "штъ".

This letter was also used in Komi language for the consonant /t͡ʃ/ (harder than ч), currently represented by digraph тш.

Form[edit]

The form of the letter Shcha is the letter Cyrillic Sha (Ш ш) with a descender (cf. the Cyrillic letters De (Д д), Tse (Ц ц), Ka with descender (Қ қ), and En with descender (Ң ң).

Related letters and other similar characters[edit]

Computing codes[edit]

Character Щ щ
Unicode name CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER SHCHA CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER SHCHA
Encodings decimal hex decimal hex
Unicode 1065 U+0429 1097 U+0449
UTF-8 208 169 D0 A9 209 137 D1 89
Numeric character reference Щ Щ щ щ
KOI8-R and KOI8-U 253 FD 221 DD
Code page 855 250 FA 249 F9
Code page 866 153 99 233 E9
Windows-1251 217 D9 249 F9
ISO-8859-5 201 C9 233 E9
Macintosh Cyrillic 153 99 249 F9

External links[edit]

  • The dictionary definition of Щ at Wiktionary
  • The dictionary definition of щ at Wiktionary