Ve (Arabic letter)

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The ve (fāʾ with three dots) in its medial form used in an Israeli roadsign on the road to Giv'at Shmuel as the letter vāʾ.

Ve or Vāʼ (ڤ) is a letter of the Arabic-based Sorani, Comoro, Wakhi, Malay Arabic, Karakhanid alphabets derived from the Arabic letter fāʾ () with two additional dots. It represents the sound /v/ for all alphabets, except for Malay. It is sometimes used in Arabic language to write names and loanwords with the phoneme /v/, such as ڤولڤو (Volvo) and ڤيينا viyenna (Vienna).

It is also frequently used in Israel for transcribing names that have a /v/ sound into Arabic, which is one of Israel's official languages, on signs and labels.

In Jawi script, used for Malay language, ڤ stands for /p/.

The character is mapped in Unicode under position U+06A8.

Position in word: Isolated Final Medial Initial
Glyph form: ڤ ـڤ ـڤـ ڤـ

The Maghrebi style, used in Northwestern Africa, the dots moved underneath (Unicode U+06A5), because it is based on the other style of fāʼ (ڢ):

Position in word: Isolated Final Medial Initial
Glyph form: ڥ ـڥ ـڥـ ڥـ

Similar-looking letter[edit]

Tunisian cookie packaging, showing a three-dotted Qāf used to represent /g/ in the Arabic transliteration of Galletes (gālāt).

In Tunisian and in Algerian[citation needed], (ڨ, looks similar to ق but with three dots) is used for /ɡ/, such as in names of places or persons containing a voiced velar stop, as in Gafsa (in Tunisia) or Guelma (in Algeria). If the usage of that letter is not possible for technical restrictions, qāf (ق) is often used instead.

In Arabic script representations of the Chechen language, ڨ is used to represent the uvular ejective /q'/.

Position in word: Isolated Final Medial Initial
Glyph form: ڨ ـڨ ـڨـ ڨـ

See also[edit]