Ṭa (Indic)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from )
Jump to: navigation, search
Ṭa
Devanagari Bengali Gurmukhi Gujarati Oriya
Ṭa Ṭa Ṭa
Tamil Telugu Kannada Malayalam Sinhala
-
Thai Lao Tibetan Burmese Khmer
-
Baybayin Hanunoo Buhid Tagbanwa Lontara
- - - - -
Balinese Sundanese Limbu Tai Le New Tai Lue
- - -
Lepcha Saurashtra Rejang Javanese Cham
- - &#x;
Tai Tham Tai Viet Kayah Li Phags-pa Siddhaṃ
-- - - Siddhaṃ 'Tta'
Mahajani Khojki Khudabadi Syloti Meitei
𑅞 - 𑋄
Modi Tirhuta Kaithi Sora Grantha
𑘘 𑒗 𑂕 - 𑌝
Chakma Sharada Takri Kharoshthi Brahmi
𑄏 𑆙 𑚔 - Brahmi 'Tta'
Phonemic representation: /ʈ/
IAST transliteration: tta
ISCII code point: BB (187)

Tta is the eleventh consonant of Indic abugidas. In modern Indic scripts, ṭa is derived from the Brahmi letter ng after having gone through the Gupta letter Gupta ashoka tt.svg.

Āryabhaṭa numeration[edit]

Further information: Āryabhaṭa numeration

Aryabhata used Devanagari letters for numbers, very similar to the Greek numerals, even after the invention of Indian numerals. The values of the different forms of ट are:[1]

  • [ʈə] = 9 (९)
  • टि [ʈɪ] = 900 (९००)
  • टु [ʈʊ] = 90,000 (९० ०००)
  • टृ [ʈri] = 9,000,000 (९० ०० ०००)
  • टे [ʈe] = 9×1010 (९०१०)
  • टै [ʈɛː] = 9×1012 (९०१२)
  • टो [ʈoː] = 9×1014 (९०१४)
  • टौ [ʈɔː] = 9×1016 (९०१६)

Devanagari script[edit]

Ṭa () is the eleventh consonant of the Devanagari abugida. In many languages, ट is pronounced as [ʈə] or [ʈ] when appropriate. In Marathi, ट is sometimes pronounced as [tə] or [t] in addition to [ʈə] or [ʈ]. [2] Letters that derive from it are the Gujarati letter ટ and the Modi letter 𑘘.

Bengali script[edit]

ট is used as a basic consonant character in all of the major Bengali script orthographies, including Bengali and Assamese.

Gujarati script[edit]

Ṭa () is the eleventh consonant of the Gujarati script. It is possibly derived from a variant of 16th century Devanagari letter ṭa (ट) with the top bar (shiro rekha) removed.

Thai script[edit]

To Patak (ฏ) is the fifteenth letter of the Thai script. It falls under the low class of Thai consonants. In IPA, to patak is pronounced as [t] at the beginning of a syllable and may not be used to close a syllable. The 21st letter of the alphabet, to tao (ต), is also named to and falls under the middle class of Thai consonants. Thai consonants do not form conjunct ligatures, and use the pinthuan explicit virama with a dot shape—to indicate bare consonants. In the acrophony of the Thai script, patak (ปฏัก) means ‘skewers’. To Patak corresponds to the Sanskrit character ‘ट’.

Javanese script[edit]

Main article: Tha (Javanese)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ifrah, Georges (2000). The Universal History of Numbers. From Prehistory to the Invention of the Computer. New York: John Wiley & Sons. pp. 447–450. ISBN 0-471-39340-1. 
  2. ^ (Bahri 2004, p. (xiii))

Further reading[edit]

  • Kurt Elfering: Die Mathematik des Aryabhata I. Text, Übersetzung aus dem Sanskrit und Kommentar. Wilhelm Fink Verlag, München, 1975, ISBN 3-7705-1326-6
  • Georges Ifrah: The Universal History of Numbers. From Prehistory to the Invention of the Computer. John Wiley & Sons, New York, 2000, ISBN 0-471-39340-1.
  • B. L. van der Waerden: Erwachende Wissenschaft. Ägyptische, babylonische und griechische Mathematik. Birkhäuser-Verlag, Basel Stuttgart, 1966, ISBN 3-7643-0399-9
  • Fleet, J. F. (January 1911). "Aryabhata's System of Expressing Numbers". Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland: 109–126. ISSN 0035-869X. JSTOR 25189823. 
  • Fleet, J. F. (1911). "Aryabhata's System of Expressing Numbers". The Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland. Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland. 43: 109–126. doi:10.1017/S0035869X00040995. JSTOR 25189823.