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According to Islamic tradition, ʽAd (also rendered Aad), who came from the northeast and was the progenitor of the Adites, was the son of Uz (عوض), who was the son of Aram (إرم), who was the son of Shem, the son of Noah (سام بن نوح). Therefore, Noah (نوح) is said to be ʽAd's great-great-grandfather.
After ʽAd's death, his sons Shadid and Shedad reigned in succession over the Adites. ʿĀd then became a collective term for all those descended from ʽAd.
According to the Quran, Iram (إرم) is the place to which the prophet Hud (هود) was sent in order to guide its people back to the righteous path of God. The citizens continued in their idolatrous ways and Allah destroyed their city in a great storm.
Surah 89:6-14 mentions ʿĀd:
Have you not considered how your Lord dealt with ʽAad - [With] Iram – who had lofty pillars, the likes of whom had never been created in the lands. And [with] Thamud, who carved out the rocks in the valley? And [with] Pharaoh, owner of the stakes? [All of] whom oppressed within the lands and increased therein the corruption. So your Lord poured upon them a scourge of punishment. Indeed, your Lord is in observation.
It is said that Hud along with his closest family escaped the region and resettled in and around the modern area of Hadramaut in Yemen. His grave is traditionally said to be located there till this day. According to Islamic scholarship, the descendants of Hud were the forerunners to the Pure Arabs (العرب العاربة).
- ʿĀd, ancient Arab tribe
- "ʿĀd". Madain Project. Retrieved 17 March 2018.
- "The Search for Ubar: How Remote Sensing Helped Find a Lost City". NASA's Observatorium. Archived from the original on 2001-02-27. Retrieved 2019-11-17.
- "Lost City of Arabia". PBS Nova documentary companion website. Retrieved 17 November 2019.
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