Arrow (symbol)

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This article is about the symbol. For other uses, see Arrow (disambiguation).
"⇈" redirects here. For the mathematical concept in Knuth's up-arrow notation, see Tetration.
Advertising billboards featuring many arrow symbols

An arrow is a graphical symbol such as ← or →, used to point or indicate direction, being in its simplest form a line segment with a triangle affixed to one end, and in more complex forms a representation of an actual arrow (e.g. U+27B5). The direction indicated by an arrow is the one along the length of the line towards the end capped by a triangle.

The typographical symbol developed in the 18th century as an abstraction from arrow projectiles. Its use is comparable to that of the older (medieval) manicule (pointing hand, ☞). Also comparable is the use of a fleur-de-lis symbol indicating north in a compass rose by Pedro Reinel (c. 1504). An early arrow symbol is found in an illustration of Bernard Forest de Bélidor's treatise L'architecture hydraulique, printed in France in 1737. The arrow is here used to illustrate the direction of the flow of water and of the water wheel's rotation. At about the same time, arrow symbols were used to indicate the flow of rivers in maps. A trend towards abstraction, in which the arrow's fletching is removed, can be observed in the mid-to-late 19th century. In a further abstraction of the symbol, John Richard Green's A Short History of the English People of 1874 contained maps by cartographer Emil Reich, which indicated army movements by curved lines, with solid triangular arrowheads placed intermittently along the lines. Use of arrow symbols in mathematical notation originates in the early 20th century. David Hilbert in 1922 introduced the arrow symbol representing logical implication. The double-headed arrow representing logical equivalence was introduced by Albrecht Becker in Die Aristotelische Theorie der Möglichkeitsschlüsse, Berlin, 1933.

Arrows in Unicode[edit]

In Unicode, the block Arrows occupies the hexadecimal range U+2190–U+21FF, as described below.

Symbol Name Symbol Name Symbol Name Symbol Name
Hex Hex Hex Hex
Picture of this Symbol Picture of this Symbol Picture of this Symbol Picture of this Symbol
Leftwards Arrow Rightwards Arrow With Loop Upwards Paired Arrows Leftwards Arrow To Bar
U+2190 U+21ac U+21c8 U+21e4
U+2190.svg U+21AC.svg U+21C8.svg U+21E4.gif
Upwards Arrow Left Right Wave Arrow Rightwards Paired Arrows Rightwards Arrow To Bar
U+2191 U+21ad U+21c9 U+21e5
U+2191.svg U+21AD.svg U+21C9.svg U+21E5.gif
Rightwards Arrow Left Right Arrow With Stroke Downwards Paired Arrows Leftwards Thick Arrow
U+2192 U+21ae U+21ca U+21e6
U+2192.svg U+21AE.svg U+21CA.svg U+21E6.gif
Downwards Arrow Downwards Zigzag Arrow Leftwards Harpoon Over Rightwards Harpoon Upwards Thick Arrow
U+2193 U+21af U+21cb U+21e7
U+2193.svg U+21AF.svg U+21CB.svg U+21E7.gif
Left Right Arrow Upwards Arrow With Tip Leftwards Rightwards Harpoon Over Leftwards Harpoon Rightwards Thick Arrow
U+2194 U+21b0 U+21cc U+21e8
U+2194.svg U+21B0.svg U+21CC.svg U+21E8.gif
Up Down Arrow Upwards Arrow With Tip Rightwards Leftwards Double Arrow With Stroke Downwards Thick Arrow
U+2195 U+21b1 U+21cd U+21e9
U+2195.svg U+21B1.svg U+21CD.svg U+21E9.gif
North West Arrow Downwards Arrow With Tip Leftwards Left Right Double Arrow With Stroke Upwards Thick Arrow From Bar
U+2196 U+21b2 U+21ce U+21ea
U+2196.svg U+21B2.svg U+21CE.svg U+21EA.gif
North East Arrow Downwards Arrow With Tip Rightwards Rightwards Double Arrow With Stroke Upwards Thick Arrow On Pedestal
U+2197 U+21b3 U+21cf U+21eb
U+2197.svg U+21B3.svg U+21CF.svg U+21EB.gif
South East Arrow Rightwards Arrow With Corner Downwards Leftwards Double Arrow Upwards Thick Arrow On Pedestal With Horizontal Bar
U+2198 U+21b4 U+21d0 U+21ec
U+2198.svg U+21B4.svg U+21D0.svg U+21EC.gif
South West Arrow Downwards Arrow With Corner Leftwards Upwards Double Arrow Upwards Thick Arrow On Pedestal With Vertical Bar
U+2199 U+21b5 U+21d1 U+21ed
U+2199.svg U+21B5.svg U+21D1.svg U+21ED.gif
Leftwards Arrow With Stroke Anticlockwise Top Semicircle Arrow Rightwards Double Arrow Upwards Thick Double Arrow
U+219a U+21b6 U+21d2 U+21ee
U+219A.svg U+21B6.svg U+21D2.svg U+21EE.gif
Rightwards Arrow With Stroke Clockwise Top Semicircle Arrow Downwards Double Arrow Upwards Thick Double Arrow On Pedestal
U+219b U+21b7 U+21d3 U+21ef
U+219B.svg U+21B7.svg U+21D3.svg U+21EF.gif
Leftwards Wave Arrow North West Arrow To Long Bar Left Right Double Arrow Rightwards Thick Arrow From Wall
U+219c U+21b8 U+21d4 U+21f0
U+219C.svg U+21B8.svg U+21D4.svg U+21F0.gif
Rightwards Wave Arrow Leftwards Arrow To Bar Over Rightwards Arrow To Bar Up Down Double Arrow North West Arrow To Corner
U+219d U+21b9 U+21d5 U+21f1
U+219D.svg U+21B9.svg U+21D5.svg U+21F1.gif
Leftwards Two Headed Arrow Anticlockwise Open Circle Arrow North West Double Arrow South East Arrow To Corner
U+219e U+21ba U+21d6 U+21f2
U+219E.svg U+21BA.svg U+21D6.svg U+21F2.gif
Upwards Two Headed Arrow Clockwise Open Circle Arrow North East Double Arrow Up Down Thick Arrow
U+219f U+21bb U+21d7 U+21f3
U+219F.svg U+21BB.svg U+21D7.svg U+21F3.gif
Rightwards Two Headed Arrow Leftwards Harpoon With Barb Upwards South East Double Arrow Right Arrow With Small Circle
U+21a0 U+21bc U+21d8 U+21f4
U+21A0.svg U+21BC.svg U+21D8.svg U+21F4.gif
Downwards Two Headed Arrow Leftwards Harpoon With Barb Downwards South West Double Arrow Downwards Arrow Leftwards Of Upwards Arrow
U+21a1 U+21bd U+21d9 U+21f5
U+21A1.svg U+21BD.svg U+21D9.svg U+21F5.gif
Leftwards Arrow With Tail Upwards Harpoon With Barb Rightwards Leftwards Triple Arrow Three Rightwards Arrows
U+21a2 U+21be U+21da U+21f6
U+21A2.svg U+21BE.svg U+21DA.gif U+21F6.gif
Rightwards Arrow With Tail Upwards Harpoon With Barb Leftwards Rightwards Triple Arrow Leftwards Arrow With Vertical Stroke
U+21a3 U+21bf U+21db U+21f7
U+21A3.svg U+21BF.svg U+21DB.gif U+21F7.gif
Leftwards Arrow From Bar Rightwards Harpoon With Barb Upwards Leftwards Squiggle Arrow Rightwards Arrow With Vertical Stroke
U+21a4 U+21c0 U+21dc U+21f8
U+21A4.svg U+21C0.svg U+21DC.gif U+21F8.gif
Upwards Arrow From Bar Rightwards Harpoon With Barb Downwards Rightwards Squiggle Arrow Left Right Arrow With Vertical Stroke
U+21a5 U+21c1 U+21dd U+21f9
U+21A5.svg U+21C1.svg U+21DD.gif U+21F9.gif
Rightwards Arrow From Bar Downwards Harpoon With Barb Rightwards Upwards Arrow With Double Stroke Leftwards Arrow With Double Vertical Stroke
U+21a6 U+21c2 U+21de U+21fa
U+21A6.svg U+21C2.svg U+21DE.gif U+21FA.gif
Downwards Arrow From Bar Downwards Harpoon With Barb Leftwards Downwards Arrow With Double Stroke Rightwards Arrow With Double Vertical Stroke
U+21a7 U+21c3 U+21df U+21fb
U+21A7.svg U+21C3.svg U+21DF.gif U+21FB.gif
Up Down Arrow With Base Rightwards Arrow Over Leftwards Arrow Leftwards Dashed Arrow Left Right Arrow With Double Vertical Stroke
U+21a8 U+21c4 U+21e0 U+21fc
U+21A8.svg U+21C4.svg U+21E0.gif U+21FC.gif
Leftwards Arrow With Hook Upwards Arrow Leftwards Of Downwards Arrow Upwards Dashed Arrow Leftwards Open-Headed Arrow
U+21a9 U+21c5 U+21e1 U+21fd
U+21A9.svg U+21C5.svg U+21E1.gif U+21FD.gif
Rightwards Arrow With Hook Leftwards Arrow Over Rightwards Arrow Rightwards Dashed Arrow Rightwards Open-Headed Arrow
U+21aa U+21c6 U+21e2 U+21fe
U+21AA.svg U+21C6.svg U+21E2.gif U+21FE.gif
Leftwards Arrow With Loop Leftwards Paired Arrows Downwards Dashed Arrow Left Right Open-Headed Arrow
U+21ab U+21c7 U+21e3 U+21ff
U+21AB.svg U+21C7.svg U+21E3.gif U+21FF.gif

Arrows by Unicode plane[edit]

Arrows[1]
Official Unicode Consortium code chart (PDF)
  0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A B C D E F
U+219x
U+21Ax
U+21Bx
U+21Cx
U+21Dx
U+21Ex
U+21Fx
Notes
1.^ As of Unicode version 8.0
Supplemental Arrows-A[1]
Official Unicode Consortium code chart (PDF)
  0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A B C D E F
U+27Fx
Notes
1.^ As of Unicode version 8.0
Supplemental Arrows-B[1]
Official Unicode Consortium code chart (PDF)
  0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A B C D E F
U+290x
U+291x
U+292x
U+293x ⤿
U+294x
U+295x
U+296x
U+297x ⥿
Notes
1.^ As of Unicode version 8.0
Supplemental Arrows-C[1][2]
Official Unicode Consortium code chart (PDF)
  0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A B C D E F
U+1F80x 🠀 🠁 🠂 🠃 🠄 🠅 🠆 🠇 🠈 🠉 🠊 🠋
U+1F81x 🠐 🠑 🠒 🠓 🠔 🠕 🠖 🠗 🠘 🠙 🠚 🠛 🠜 🠝 🠞 🠟
U+1F82x 🠠 🠡 🠢 🠣 🠤 🠥 🠦 🠧 🠨 🠩 🠪 🠫 🠬 🠭 🠮 🠯
U+1F83x 🠰 🠱 🠲 🠳 🠴 🠵 🠶 🠷 🠸 🠹 🠺 🠻 🠼 🠽 🠾 🠿
U+1F84x 🡀 🡁 🡂 🡃 🡄 🡅 🡆 🡇
U+1F85x 🡐 🡑 🡒 🡓 🡔 🡕 🡖 🡗 🡘 🡙
U+1F86x 🡠 🡡 🡢 🡣 🡤 🡥 🡦 🡧 🡨 🡩 🡪 🡫 🡬 🡭 🡮 🡯
U+1F87x 🡰 🡱 🡲 🡳 🡴 🡵 🡶 🡷 🡸 🡹 🡺 🡻 🡼 🡽 🡾 🡿
U+1F88x 🢀 🢁 🢂 🢃 🢄 🢅 🢆 🢇
U+1F89x 🢐 🢑 🢒 🢓 🢔 🢕 🢖 🢗 🢘 🢙 🢚 🢛 🢜 🢝 🢞 🢟
U+1F8Ax 🢠 🢡 🢢 🢣 🢤 🢥 🢦 🢧 🢨 🢩 🢪 🢫 🢬 🢭
U+1F8Bx
U+1F8Cx
U+1F8Dx
U+1F8Ex
U+1F8Fx
Notes
1.^ As of Unicode version 8.0
2.^ Grey areas indicate non-assigned code points
Miscellaneous Symbols and Arrows[1][2]
Official Unicode Consortium code chart (PDF)
  0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A B C D E F
U+2B0x
U+2B1x
U+2B2x
U+2B3x ⬿
U+2B4x
U+2B5x
U+2B6x
U+2B7x ⭿
U+2B8x
U+2B9x
U+2BAx
U+2BBx ⮿
U+2BCx
U+2BDx
U+2BEx
U+2BFx
Notes
1.^ As of Unicode version 8.0
2.^ Grey areas indicate non-assigned code points
Dingbats[1]
Official Unicode Consortium code chart (PDF)
  0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A B C D E F
U+270x
U+271x
U+272x
U+273x
U+274x
U+275x
U+276x
U+277x
U+278x
U+279x
U+27Ax
U+27Bx
Notes
1.^ As of Unicode version 8.0

See also[edit]

References[edit]