Ni (kana)

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ni
transliterationni
hiragana origin
katakana origin
spelling kana日本のニ (Nippon no ni)
unicodeU+306B, U+30CB
braille⠇

, in hiragana, or in katakana, is one of the Japanese kana, which each represent one mora. The hiragana is written in three strokes, while the katakana in two. Both represent /ni/ although for phonological reasons, the actual pronunciation is [nʲi].

Notably, the katakana (ニ) is functionally identical to the kanji for two (二), pronounced the same way, and written similarly.

に is used as a particle, as well as a word fragment. As a particle it generally expresses direction, with a similar function to the English "to."

i.e. Ton wa, Furansu "ni" ikimashita. Ton went "to" France.

Pan wa, Ton "ni" agemashita. Bread was given "to" Ton.

However, in clauses mentioning time, it is used as "at." For example: Roku ji ni shimashita. (I) did it at 6 o'clock.


Form Rōmaji Hiragana Katakana
Normal n-
(な行 na-gyō)
ni
nii
にい, にぃ
にー
ニイ, ニィ
ニー
Addition yōon ny-
(にゃ行 nya-gyō)
nya にゃ ニャ
nyaa
nyā, nyah
にゃあ
にゃー
ニャア
ニャー
nyu にゅ ニュ
nyuu
nyū
にゅう
にゅー
ニュウ
ニュー
nyo にょ ニョ
nyou
nyoo
nyō, nyoh
にょう
にょお
にょー
ニョウ
ニョオ
ニョー
Other additional forms
Form (ny-)
Rōmaji Hiragana Katakana
(nya) (にゃ) (ニャ)
(nyi) (にぃ) (ニィ)
(nyu) (にゅ) (ニュ)
nye にぇ ニェ
(nyo) (にょ) (ニョ)

Stroke order[edit]

Stroke order in writing に
Stroke order in writing に
Stroke order in writing ニ
Stroke order in writing ニ
に-bw.png

The hiragana に is made with three strokes:

  1. A vertical stroke from top to bottom.
  2. A short, horizontal stroke to the upper right of the first stroke, going from left to right.
  3. Another short, horizontal stroke at the bottom right of the first stroke, going from left to right.
ニ-bw.png

The katakana ニ is made with two strokes:

  1. At the top, a horizontal stroke from left to right.
  2. Another, longer horizontal stroke under the first stroke

Other communicative representations[edit]

Japanese radiotelephony alphabet Wabun code
日本のニ
Nippon no "Ni"
About this sound▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄
ICS Charlie.svg

Japanese Semaphore Basic Stroke 6.svg

NI-jsl-yubimoji.png ⠇
Japanese Navy Signal Flag Japanese semaphore Japanese manual syllabary (fingerspelling) Braille dots-123
Japanese Braille
  • Full Braille representation
に / ニ in Japanese Braille N + Yōon braille
に / ニ
ni
にい / ニー
にゃ / ニャ
nya
にゃあ / ニャー
nyā
にゅ / ニュ
nyu
にゅう / ニュー
nyū
にょ / ニョ
nyo
にょう / ニョー
nyō
⠇ (braille pattern dots-123) ⠇ (braille pattern dots-123)⠒ (braille pattern dots-25) ⠈ (braille pattern dots-4)⠅ (braille pattern dots-13) ⠈ (braille pattern dots-4)⠅ (braille pattern dots-13)⠒ (braille pattern dots-25) ⠈ (braille pattern dots-4)⠍ (braille pattern dots-134) ⠈ (braille pattern dots-4)⠍ (braille pattern dots-134)⠒ (braille pattern dots-25) ⠈ (braille pattern dots-4)⠎ (braille pattern dots-234) ⠈ (braille pattern dots-4)⠎ (braille pattern dots-234)⠒ (braille pattern dots-25)
Character information
Preview
Unicode name HIRAGANA LETTER NI KATAKANA LETTER NI HALFWIDTH KATAKANA LETTER NI CIRCLED KATAKANA NI
Encodings decimal hex decimal hex decimal hex decimal hex
Unicode 12395 U+306B 12491 U+30CB 65414 U+FF86 13029 U+32E5
UTF-8 227 129 171 E3 81 AB 227 131 139 E3 83 8B 239 190 134 EF BE 86 227 139 165 E3 8B A5
Numeric character reference に に ニ ニ ニ ニ ㋥ ㋥
Shift JIS[1] 130 201 82 C9 131 106 83 6A 198 C6
EUC-JP[2] 164 203 A4 CB 165 203 A5 CB 142 198 8E C6
GB 18030[3] 164 203 A4 CB 165 203 A5 CB 132 49 153 52 84 31 99 34
EUC-KR[4] / UHC[5] 170 203 AA CB 171 203 AB CB
Big5 (non-ETEN kana)[6] 198 207 C6 CF 199 99 C7 63
Big5 (ETEN / HKSCS)[7] 199 82 C7 52 199 199 C7 C7

See also[edit]

Japanese Grammar

References[edit]

Handbook of Japanese Grammar - Masahiro Tanimori (Tuttle 1994)

  1. ^ Unicode Consortium (2015-12-02) [1994-03-08]. "Shift-JIS to Unicode".
  2. ^ Unicode Consortium; IBM. "EUC-JP-2007". International Components for Unicode.
  3. ^ Standardization Administration of China (SAC) (2005-11-18). GB 18030-2005: Information Technology—Chinese coded character set.
  4. ^ Unicode Consortium; IBM. "IBM-970". International Components for Unicode.
  5. ^ Steele, Shawn (2000). "cp949 to Unicode table". Microsoft / Unicode Consortium.
  6. ^ Unicode Consortium (2015-12-02) [1994-02-11]. "BIG5 to Unicode table (complete)".
  7. ^ van Kesteren, Anne. "big5". Encoding Standard. WHATWG.