No (kana)

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hiragana origin
katakana origin

, in hiragana, and , in katakana, are Japanese kana, both representing one mora. In the gojūon system of ordering of Japanese syllables, it occupies the 25th position, between ね (ne) and は (ha). It occupies the 26th position in the iroha ordering. Both represent [no].

Form Rōmaji Hiragana Katakana
Normal n-
(な行 na-gyō)
のう, のぅ
のお, のぉ
のー, の~
ノウ, ノゥ
ノオ, ノォ
ノー, ノ~

Stroke order[edit]

Stroke order in writing の
Stroke order in writing の
Stroke order in writing ノ
Stroke order in writing ノ

To write の, begin slightly above the center, stroke downward diagonally, then upward, and then curve around as indicated by the arrows.


To write ノ, simply do a swooping curve from top-right to bottom left.


Encodings decimal hex decimal hex decimal hex
Unicode 12398 U+306E 12494 U+30CE 65417 U+FF89
UTF-8 227 129 174 E3 81 AE 227 131 142 E3 83 8E 239 190 137 EF BE 89
Numeric character reference の の ノ ノ ノ ノ
Shift JIS 130 204 82 CC 131 109 83 6D 201 C9
EUC-JP, GB 2312 164 206 A4 CE 165 206 A5 CE
HKSCS 199 85 C7 55 199 202 C7 CA

Alternative forms[edit]

の / ノ in Japanese Braille
の / ノ
のう / ノー
Other kana based on Braille
にょ / ニョ
にょう / ニョー
⠎ (braille pattern dots-234) ⠎ (braille pattern dots-234)⠒ (braille pattern dots-25) ⠈ (braille pattern dots-4)⠎ (braille pattern dots-234) ⠈ (braille pattern dots-4)⠎ (braille pattern dots-234)⠒ (braille pattern dots-25)

The Morse code for の, or ノ, is ・・--.

See also hentaigana and gyaru-moji for other variant kana forms of no.

Japanese Semaphore Basic Stroke 3.svg


Like every other hiragana, the hiragana の developed from man'yōgana, kanji used for phonetic purposes, written in the highly cursive, flowing grass script style. In the picture on the left, the top shows the kanji 乃 written in the kaisho style, and the centre image is the same kanji written in the sōsho style. The bottom part is the kana for "no", a further abbreviation.


Usage of の in place of (and 犬 in place of 狗) in Taipei.

の is a dental nasal consonant, articulated on the upper teeth, combined with a close-mid back rounded vowel to form one mora.

In the Japanese language, as well as forming words, の may be a particle showing possession. For example, the phrase "わたしでんわ” watashi no denwa means "my telephone."

の has also proliferated on signs and labels in the Chinese-speaking world, especially in Taiwan because of its historical connections with Japan. (See Taiwan under Japanese rule.) It is used in place of the Modern Chinese possessive marker 的 de or Classical Chinese possessive marker 之 zhī, and の is pronounced in the same way as the Chinese character it replaces. This is usually done to "stand out" or to give an "exotic/Japanese feel", e.g. in commercial brand names, such as the fruit juice brand 鲜の每日C, where the の can be read as both 之 zhī, the possessive marker, and as 汁 zhī, meaning "juice".[1] In Hong Kong, the Companies Registry has extended official recognition to this practise, and permits の to be used in Chinese names of registered businesses; it is thus the only non-Chinese symbol to be granted this treatment (aside from punctuation marks with no pronunciation value).[2]


  1. ^ "@nifty:デイリーポータルZ:中国に日本の「の」が浸透した". Retrieved 2016-04-21.
  2. ^ "'Business' Required to be Registered and Application for Business Registration: Business Name", Inland Revenue Department (Hong Kong).

External links[edit]