|Regions with significant populations|
|Various forms of Mandarin|
|Ancestral worship, Taoism, Buddhism, Christianity, Atheism, etc.|
|Related ethnic groups|
|Ancient Dongyi† and other Han Chinese|
The people of Shandong province or Shandong people (simplified Chinese: 山东人; traditional Chinese: 山東人; pinyin: Shāndōng rén) refers to those who are native to Shandong province, the majority (99%) of whom are Han Chinese. They speak various forms of Mandarin dialects such as Jilu, Jiaoliao, and Zhongyuan. There is a small Shandong community in Singapore and Malaysia. Nine-tenths of the early overseas Chinese in Korea also came from Shandong. Minority groups include the Hui and the Manchus. Shandong citizens are also known to have the tallest average height of any Chinese province. As of 2010, 16-to 18-year-old male students in Yantai measured 176.4 cm (5'9.5), while female students measured 164 cm (5'4.5).
Modern-day Shandong is the location of the Kingdom of Qi (state) During the Warring States Period. It was the first Kingdom to be annexed by the Qin (state) State prior to unification and the beginning of the Qin Dynasty. After the brief 15 year unification by the Qin Dynasty, the empire broke into Eighteen Kingdoms. Present day Shandong was split into two feudal states, Jiaodong and Jibei. The Han State, headed by Liu Bang, (comprising present day Sichuan province, Chongqing, and Southern Shaanxi) unified the kingdoms to form the Han Dynasty. After 400 years, the Han Dynasty fell and the empire scattered into the Three Kingdoms period. During this time, present day Shandong belonged to the Northern State of Cao Wei established by the Warlord Cao Cao. After the disintegration of the Cao Wei Dynasty, the area of present-day Shandong was ruled by the Tuoba Clan of the Xianbei Tribe during the Eastern Wei. The Eastern Wei eventually fell to the Northern Qi Dynasty which lasted 27 years before it was overtaken by the Northern Zhou of central China.Yang Jian was able to recapture ruling power to the Han Chinese from the Xianbei and establish the Sui Dynasty after centuries of Xianbei rule and division between different states, becoming Emperor Wen of Sui. After unifying the Northern and Southern Dynasties, the Sui Dynasty paved the way for the Tang Dynasty and many years of prosperity and peace. The Tang Dynasty fell about 300 years after its inception. The empire again, fragmented, this time into many different states whose borders are roughly the outline of the present day provinces. During this time Shandong was known as the Later Liang (Five Dynasties) Kingdom.
Throughout its history, the coastline of Shandong were particularly susceptible to Wokou Pirates. After the Second Opium War the Treaty of Tianjin (1858) forced the Qing Empire, ruled by the Manchu to open more ports to Western Nations. As a result, there was considerable foreign settlements by the British, Germans, Americans, and Russians in Shandong cities during the 18th Century. For 20 years prior to the end of World War I, the Germans controlled Shandong. After the defeat of Germany in WWI by the Allied forces, the cities of Yantai and Qingdao were handed to the Japanese who used the port cities for their summer fleets. This led to the Shandong Problem which added to the ignition of the May Fourth Movement and the New Culture Movement— paving the way for the birth of modern China.
Korean clans from Shandong
- Chungju Ji clan
- Chungju Mae clan
- Ganghwa Noh clan
- Geumseong Beom clan
- Haengju Ki clan
- Haman Jo clan
- Langya Jeong clan
- Jinan Wang clan
- Imgu Pung clan
- Namyang Bang clan
- Namyang Hong clan
- Namyang Seo clan
- Qufu Kong clan - descendent of 53rd grandchild of Confucius, Kong Shao
- Sinchang Maeng clan - descendent of 39th grandchild of Mencius, Meng Cheng Shun
- Yeoheung Min clan
- Yeongyang Cheon clan
- Yangsan Jin clan
- Jinan 济南, Capital of Shandong Province, known as the “City of Springs” 泉城 for its great number of artesian wells.
- Qingdao 青岛, named one of China’s most beautiful and cleanest cities. Famous home of Tsingtao Brewery.
- Yantai 烟台, port city developing quickly. Home of Changyu winery.
- Qufu 曲阜, a town with more than 2,500 years of history. Birthplace of Confucius. As such, the Confucius related sites are UNESCO world heritage sites. A sizeable community of Hui Chinese reside here.
- Weihai 威海, major seaport and seaside resort city.
- Tai'an 泰安, a prefecture level city in Shandong. Famous for Mount Tai, an UNESCO World Heritage Site, and one of the five sacred Daoist mountains in China.
- Penglai, Shandong 蓬莱, The smaller coastal town famous around China as being the landing site of the mythological Eight Immortals as well as beaches, entertainment, and wine.
Since Shandong is located in fertile plains, it is a main wheat-growing area in China. People in Shandong enjoy eating foods made of wheat flour as staple food. It is commonly said that Shandong people like to eat big pan-cakes stuffed with scallions or minced meat when they eat three meals a day.
Shandong cuisine is generally salty, with a prevalence of light-color sauces, and features adept skill in slicing. Shandong cuisine is representative of Northern Chinese cooking and its techniques have been widely absorbed by the imperial dishes of Ming and Qing Dynasties.
- Dezhou Braised (Grilled) Chicken (simplified Chinese: 德州扒鸡 Dézhōu pá jī) also known as "Dezhou Five-fragrant Boneless Braised Chicken" from the city of Dezhou.
- Clay Pot Braised Pork Belly (simplified Chinese: 坛子肉 tánzi ròu) the original Red braised pork belly which has now spread all over China, and is more popularly known as Chairman Mao's favorite dish. Different provinces have different variations of this dish. Tanzi Rou, literally means brewed pork in jar, as the dish is cooked in a porcelain or clay pot. It is said that the dish originated in the Jinan Fengjilou Hotel during the Qing Dynasty.
- Eight Immortal Soup a seafood soup popular in overseas Chinese communities.
- Fluffy Scallion Pan-Cake (simplified Chinese: 山东大饼) is a version of a scallion pancake that is much more dense, fluffier, and thicker than the more widespread southern style, Green-Scallion Oil Pancake. This type of bread can come either plain topped with sesame seeds, or stuffed with meat filling or glass-noodle or eggs and Chinese chives. Different variations exist.
- Shandong Fried Oyster
- Braised Sea Cucumber with Scallion
- Pulled-Caramelized Sweet Potato (simplified Chinese: 拔丝地瓜 básī dìguā)
- Shandong Dumplings Shandong style dumplings are notably plumper and traditionally made with Pork and Cabbage. They are noted for their Gold-nugget like appearance that is accomplished via a particular squeezing technique instead of the more common folding technique.
Evidence of the Beixin culture (5300 BC to 4100 BC), the Dawenkou culture (4100 BC to 2600 BC) and the Longshan Culture (3000 BC to 2000 BC) was found in Shandong province, which provides evidence that comparatively advanced handcraft industry, agriculture and animal husbandry was prevalent in Shandong 4000 to 7000 years ago. Additionally, Shandong is home to the oldest Chinese inscriptions: Dawenkou Pottery Inscription and Longshan Pottery Inscription; the largest prehistoric settlement found to date: Chengziya (城子崖) Archeological Site; the oldest section of the Great Wall in China: the Great Wall of Qi State; and the oldest Oracle Bone Script: Huantai County Oracle Bone Script, were all found in Shandong. According to the research of archaeologists, Shandong was the main place for silk manufacture from the Han Dynasty to the Tang Dynasty, and it was the origin of the ancient Silk Road.
Remains of Ancient Linzi city sewer passing underneath the former city wall
Nanshan Temple in Longkou.
- Liu Hui - invented the Gaussian elimination method considered to be one of the two most greatest mathematicians in Ancient China.
- Zhan Tao - Chinese mathematician and president of Jilin University.
- Wang Zhen - one of the early innovators of the wooden movable type printing system.
- Jiao Bingzhen - a noted astronomer and also a painter during the Qing Dynasty.
- Ke Ting Sui - known for the Kê pendulum and Kê grain-boundary internal friction peak he invented.
- Li Zhensheng - geneticist
- Guo Yonghuai - expert in aerodynamics of China.
- Confucius - considered to be the greatest Chinese philosopher, founder of Confucianism and contributed greatly to Chinese culture.
- Mozi - founder of Mohism.
- Disciples of Confucius - they helped to compile much of the teachings of the greatest Chinese philosopher and their teacher, Confucius, in the Analects of Confucius.
- Mencius - the most famous Confucian after Confucius himself, responsible for propagating Confucianism.
- Zengzi - One of the Four Sages or Confucianism, Composed Classic of Filial Piety
- Zou Yan - best known as the representative thinker of the Yin and Yang School (or School of Naturalists) during the Hundred Schools of Thought era in Chinese philosophy.
- Duanmu Ci
- Zheng Xuan
- Linji Yixuan
- Mou Zongsan
- Alfred James Broomhall - Author and Historian
- Deng Guangming - 20th Century Historian
- Han Xizai - official of states Wu (Ten Kingdoms) and Southern Tang, famed for his writing and calligraphy skills.
- Li Baojia - Qing Dynasty author
- Li Cunxin - author of Mao's Last Dancer
- Mo Yan - Nobel Prize in Literature laureate.
- Nicholas Poppe - Linguist
- Peter Stursberg - Canadian writer, broadcaster, and war correspondent
- Pu Songling - Qing Dynasty Writer, Author of Strange Stories from a Chinese Studio
- Qu Bo - 20th Century Author
- Yan Chongnian - historian
- Yan Zhen - Calligrapher
- Zuo Fen - Female Poet during Western Jin Dynasty
- Gong Li - Actress
- Fan Bing Bing - Actress
- Zhang Yuqi - Actress
- Wang Yan - Actress
- Hachidai Nakamura - Jazz pianist and songwriter
- Huang Xiaoming - Actor
- Huang Bo - Actor
- Huang Zitao - Actor, Singer, Former Exo (band) Member and Idol
- Victoria Song - Actress, F(x) (band) Leader
- Toshiro Mifune - Actor
- Jin Chen - Actress
- Gina Jin - Actress
- Bai Baihe - Actress
- Chen Hao - Actress
- Ma Tianyu - Actor
- Zhang Zilin - Miss World 2007
- Teresa Teng - Pop Icon
- Dee Hsu - TV host in Taiwan
- Show Luo - Taiwanese Entertainer (Father)
- Eddie Huang - Taiwanese American Lawyer, Author, and Restraunteur (Mother)
- Fei Fei Sun - Super model, face of Estee Lauder, first Model of Asian descent to represent Valentino and grace the cover of Vogue Italy
- Kara Hui - Hong Kong actress of Manchu ethnicity
- Gao Yisheng - 20th century martial arts master, founder of Gao Style Baguazhang
- Xu Jing - Chinese Women’s Olympic Archer
- Yan Bingtao - Youngest player to win Amateur World Snooker Championship, Professional Pool Player
- Zhang Chenglong - 2012 Olympic Gold Medal Gymnast
- Zhang Qibin - Swimmer in 2016 Olympics
- Zhang Zhiqiang - Chinese Rugby Player, Former Leicester Tigers member
- Liu Yao - Governor and Warlod during the Eastern Han Dynasty
- Empress Dowager Bian - Wife of Cao Cao famed Three Kingdoms Warlord, mother of Cao Pi who ended the Eastern Han Dynasty began the Wei Dynasty.
- Lord Mengchang - aristocrat and statesman of the Qi Kingdom, one of the famed Four Lords of the Warring States period.
- Empress Lü - infamous wife of first Empreror of Han Dynasty
- Peng Liyuan - Contemporary folk singer, President of the People's Liberation Army Academy of Art, and First Lady of China
- Qi Jiguang - Military general of the Ming Dynasty, author of military manuals Jixiao Xinshu and Record of Military Training
- Queen Dowager Shi
- Qu Tongfeng - General in the Beiyang Army during the Warlord era under Yuan Shikai
- Zhuge Liang - Imperial Chancellor, Inventor and Engineer, Legalist (Chinese Philosophy), Accomplished Strategist in Chinese History during the Three Kingdoms Period
- Chen Xiaolu - early director of Anbang insurance giant
- Dr. Chiang Chen - entrepreneur and Hong Kong industrialis, founder of Chen Hsong Holdings Limited
- Guo Wengui - Chinese billionaire
- Kai Johan Jiang - Swedish-Chinese Businessman in energy
- Henry Luce - 20th Century American Magazine Magnate
- Ning Gaoning - Chairman of Sinochem Group
- CEO of Chateau Changyu, China’s oldest and largest winery based in Yantai
- Ren Zhiqiang - real estate tycoon
- Xiao Jianhua - Chinese-Canadian billionaire
- Xu Lejiang
- Wang Tianpu - Former Sinopec President
- Zhang Shiping - billionaire
- Zhang Ruimin - CEO of Haier Group
- Tan 2004, p. 92–93
- Rhee 2009, p. 113
- "Skeletons of 5,000-year-old 'giant' humans found in China". Independent.co.uk. Retrieved 2 June 2018.
- "Average height, Yantai". Chuansong.me. 2012.
- Stevens, Chris; Fuller, Dorian (2017-01-01). "The spread of agriculture in eastern Asia: Archaeological bases for hypothetical farmer/language dispersals". Language Dynamics and Change. 7: 152–186. doi:10.1163/22105832-00702001.
- "Jinan: a veritable City of Springs- Shandong Culture". Chinadaily.com.cn. Retrieved 2 June 2018.
- "Qingdao, China – MobyTrip". MobyTrip.com. Retrieved 2 June 2018.
- "Yantai Changyu Pioneer Wine Company Limited: Private Company Information - Bloomberg". Bloomberg.com. Retrieved 2 June 2018.
- Centre, UNESCO World Heritage. "Temple and Cemetery of Confucius and the Kong Family Mansion in Qufu". Whc.unesco.org. Retrieved 2 June 2018.
- "South Koreans in Weihai". english.cri.cn. Retrieved 2 June 2018.
- "Penglai, Land of Fairy Tales « Shanghai China Website". Shanghai.ws. Retrieved 2 June 2018.
- "Shandong Cuisine". China.org.cn. Retrieved 2 June 2018.
- Liu, Li (2004). The Chinese Neolithic: Trajectories to Early States. Cambridge University Press. pp. 193–194. ISBN 1139441701.
- Maisel, Charles Keith (1999). Early Civilizations of the Old World: The Formative Histories of Egypt, the Levant, Mesopotamia, India and China. Psychology Press. p. 283. ISBN 978-0-4151-0975-8.
- "Shandong - province, China". Britannica.com. Retrieved 2 June 2018.
- Tan, Chee-Beng (2004), Chinese Overseas: Comparative Cultural Issues, Hong Kong University Press, ISBN 978-962-209-662-2
- Rhee, Young-ju (2009), "Diversity within Chinese Diaspora: "Old" versus "New" huaqiao Residents in South Korea", in Fernandez, Jane, Diasporas: Critical and Interdisciplinary Perspectives (PDF), Oxford, United Kingdom: Inter-Disciplinary Press, pp. 111–126, ISBN 978-1-904710-68-4