Nga (Javanese)

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For a more general overview encompassing other Indic scripts, see Nga (Indic)
Aksara nglegena Aksara pasangan
Javanese script
Latin orthography nga
Phoneme [ṅ]
Unicode U+A994

is one of syllable in Javanese script that represent the sound /ŋɔ/, /ŋa/. It is transliterated to Latin as "nga", and sometimes in Indonesian orthography as "ngo". It has another form (pasangan), which is ◌꧀ꦔ, but represented by a single Unicode code point, U+A994.[1][2][3]


It's pasangan form ◌꧀ꦔ, is located on the bottom side of the previous syllable.

Extended form[edit]

The letter doesn't have a murda form.

with a cerek () is called I kawi.

Final consonant[edit]

cannot became final consonant (e.g. ꦔ꧀). It is replaced by cecak (). For example: ꦕꦕꦶꦁ - cacing (worm), not ꦕꦕꦶꦔ꧀


Nglegena forms Pasangan forms
 nga ꦔꦃ ngah ꦔꦁ ngang ꦔꦂ ngar ◌꧀ꦔ -nga ◌꧀ꦔꦃ -ngah ◌꧀ꦔꦁ -ngang ◌꧀ꦔꦂ -ngar
ꦔꦺ nge ꦔꦺꦃ ngeh ꦔꦺꦁ ngeng ꦔꦺꦂ nger ◌꧀ꦔꦺ -nge ◌꧀ꦔꦺꦃ -ngeh ◌꧀ꦔꦺꦁ -ngeng ◌꧀ꦔꦺꦂ -nger
ꦔꦼ ngê ꦔꦼꦃ ngêh ꦔꦼꦁ ngêng ꦔꦼꦂ ngêr ◌꧀ꦔꦼ -ngê ◌꧀ꦔꦼꦃ -ngêh ◌꧀ꦔꦼꦁ -ngêng ◌꧀ꦔꦼꦂ -ngêr
ꦔꦶ ngi ꦔꦶꦃ ngih ꦔꦶꦁ nging ꦔꦶꦂ ngir ◌꧀ꦔꦶ -ngi ◌꧀ꦔꦶꦃ -ngih ◌꧀ꦔꦶꦁ -nging ◌꧀ꦔꦶꦂ -ngir
ꦔꦺꦴ ngo ꦔꦺꦴꦃ ngoh ꦔꦺꦴꦁ ngong ꦔꦺꦴꦂ ngor ◌꧀ꦔꦺꦴ -ngo ◌꧀ꦔꦺꦴꦃ -ngoh ◌꧀ꦔꦺꦴꦁ -ngong ◌꧀ꦔꦺꦴꦂ -ngor
ꦔꦸ ngu ꦔꦸꦃ nguh ꦔꦸꦁ ngung ꦔꦸꦂ ngur ◌꧀ꦔꦸ -ngu ◌꧀ꦔꦸꦃ -nguh ◌꧀ꦔꦸꦁ -ngung ◌꧀ꦔꦸꦂ -ngur
ꦔꦿ ngra ꦔꦿꦃ ngrah ꦔꦿꦁ ngrang ꦔꦿꦂ ngrar ◌꧀ꦔꦿ -ngra ◌꧀ꦔꦿꦃ -ngrah ◌꧀ꦔꦿꦁ -ngrang ◌꧀ꦔꦿꦂ -ngrar
ꦔꦿꦺ ngre ꦔꦿꦺꦃ ngreh ꦔꦿꦺꦁ ngreng ꦔꦿꦺꦂ ngrer ◌꧀ꦔꦿꦺ -ngre ◌꧀ꦔꦿꦺꦃ -ngreh ◌꧀ꦔꦿꦺꦁ -ngreng ◌꧀ꦔꦿꦺꦂ -ngrer
ꦔꦽ ngrê ꦔꦽꦃ ngrêh ꦔꦽꦁ ngrêng ꦔꦽꦂ ngrêr ◌꧀ꦔꦽ -ngrê ◌꧀ꦔꦽꦃ -ngrêh ◌꧀ꦔꦽꦁ -ngrêng ◌꧀ꦔꦽꦂ -ngrêr
ꦔꦿꦶ ngri ꦔꦿꦶꦃ ngrih ꦔꦿꦶꦁ ngring ꦔꦿꦶꦂ ngrir ◌꧀ꦔꦿꦶ -ngri ◌꧀ꦔꦿꦶꦃ -ngrih ◌꧀ꦔꦿꦶꦁ -ngring ◌꧀ꦔꦿꦶꦂ -ngrir
ꦔꦿꦺꦴ ngro ꦔꦿꦺꦴꦃ ngroh ꦔꦿꦺꦴꦁ ngrong ꦔꦿꦺꦴꦂ ngror ◌꧀ꦔꦿꦺꦴ -ngro ◌꧀ꦔꦿꦺꦴꦃ -ngroh ◌꧀ꦔꦿꦺꦴꦁ -ngrong ◌꧀ꦔꦿꦺꦴꦂ -ngror
ꦔꦿꦸ ngru ꦔꦿꦸꦃ ngruh ꦔꦿꦸꦁ ngrung ꦔꦿꦸꦂ ngrur ◌꧀ꦔꦿꦸ -ngru ◌꧀ꦔꦿꦸꦃ -ngruh ◌꧀ꦔꦿꦸꦁ -ngrung ◌꧀ꦔꦿꦸꦂ -ngrur
ꦔꦾ ngya ꦔꦾꦃ ngyah ꦔꦾꦁ ngyang ꦔꦾꦂ ngyar ◌꧀ꦔꦾ -ngya ◌꧀ꦔꦾꦃ -ngyah ◌꧀ꦔꦾꦁ -ngyang ◌꧀ꦔꦾꦂ -ngyar
ꦔꦾꦺ ngye ꦔꦾꦺꦃ ngyeh ꦔꦾꦺꦁ ngyeng ꦔꦾꦺꦂ ngyer ◌꧀ꦔꦾꦺ -ngye ◌꧀ꦔꦾꦺꦃ -ngyeh ◌꧀ꦔꦾꦺꦁ -ngyeng ◌꧀ꦔꦾꦺꦂ -ngyer
ꦔꦾꦼ ngyê ꦔꦾꦼꦃ ngyêh ꦔꦾꦼꦁ ngyêng ꦔꦾꦼꦂ ngyêr ◌꧀ꦔꦾꦼ -ngyê ◌꧀ꦔꦾꦼꦃ -ngyêh ◌꧀ꦔꦾꦼꦁ -ngyêng ◌꧀ꦔꦾꦼꦂ -ngyêr
ꦔꦾꦶ ngyi ꦔꦾꦶꦃ ngyih ꦔꦾꦶꦁ ngying ꦔꦾꦶꦂ ngyir ◌꧀ꦔꦾꦶ -ngyi ◌꧀ꦔꦾꦶꦃ -ngyih ◌꧀ꦔꦾꦶꦁ -ngying ◌꧀ꦔꦾꦶꦂ -ngyir
ꦔꦾꦺꦴ ngyo ꦔꦾꦺꦴꦃ ngyoh ꦔꦾꦺꦴꦁ ngyong ꦔꦾꦺꦴꦂ ngyor ◌꧀ꦔꦾꦺꦴ -ngyo ◌꧀ꦔꦾꦺꦴꦃ -ngyoh ◌꧀ꦔꦾꦺꦴꦁ -ngyong ◌꧀ꦔꦾꦺꦴꦂ -ngyor
ꦔꦾꦸ ngyu ꦔꦾꦸꦃ ngyuh ꦔꦾꦸꦁ ngyung ꦔꦾꦸꦂ ngyur ◌꧀ꦔꦾꦸ -ngyu ◌꧀ꦔꦾꦸꦃ -ngyuh ◌꧀ꦔꦾꦸꦁ -ngyung ◌꧀ꦔꦾꦸꦂ -ngyur

Unicode block[edit]

Javanese script was added to the Unicode Standard in October, 2009 with the release of version 5.2.

Official Unicode Consortium code chart (PDF)
  0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A B C D E F
U+A9Bx ꦿ
1.^ As of Unicode version 10.0
2.^ Grey areas indicate non-assigned code points

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Campbell, George L. Compendium of the World's Languages. Vol. 1. New York: Routledge, 2000.
  2. ^ Soemarmo, Marmo. "Javanese Script." Ohio Working Papers in Linguistics and Language Teaching 14.Winter (1995): 69-103.
  3. ^ Daniels, Peter T and William Bright. The World's Writing Systems. Ed. Peter T Daniels and William Bright. New York: Oxford University Press, 1996.