Ĝ or ĝ (G circumflex) is a consonant in Esperanto orthography, representing a voiced postalveolar affricate (either palato-alveolar or retroflex), and is equivalent to a voiced postalveolar affricate /dʒ/ or a voiced retroflex affricate /dʐ/.
While Esperanto orthography uses a diacritic for its four postalveolar consonants, as do the Latin-based Slavic alphabets, the base letters are Romano-Germanic. Ĝ is based on the letter g, which has this sound in English and Italian before the vowels i and e (with some exceptions in English), to better preserve the shape of borrowings from those languages (such as ĝenerala from general) than Slavic đ or dẑ would.
Uses of Ĝ in other languages
|Unicode name||LATIN CAPITAL LETTER G WITH CIRCUMFLEX||LATIN SMALL LETTER G WITH CIRCUMFLEX|
|UTF-8||196 156||C4 9C||196 157||C4 9D|
|Numeric character reference||Ĝ
|Named character reference||Ĝ||ĝ|