(471325) 2011 KT19

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
(471325) 2011 KT19
Discovery [1]
Discovered byMount Lemmon Srvy.
Discovery siteMount Lemmon Obs.
Discovery date31 May 2011
Designations
Pronunciation/nk/
Named after
A Chinese adjective meaning "rebellious" [2]
TNO[3]
Orbital characteristics[3]
Epoch JD 2457600.5
Uncertainty parameter 2
Observation arc1779 days (4.87 yr)
Aphelion47.427 AU
Perihelion23.7805 AU
35.604 AU
Eccentricity0.33208
212.45 years
29.487°
Inclination110.1537°
243.77772°
322.174°
TJupiter−1.552
Physical characteristics
Dimensions75–250 km[4]
22[5]
7.2[4][3]

(471325) 2011 KT19 (nicknamed Niku; /nk/) is a trans-Neptunian object that has an unusual 110° tilted solar orbital plane and retrograde orbit around the Sun.[2][6][7]

Details[edit]

(471325) 2011 KT19 was discovered by the Mount Lemmon Survey on 31 May 2011. Its rediscovery was announced in August 2016 by a team of astronomers using the Pan-STARRS telescope. It was soon linked with a supposed prograde centaur (2011 KT19; inclination = 38° and semi-major axis = 28 AU) that had been lost due to a short observation arc.[1][6] 2011 KT19 is in a 7:9 resonance with Neptune. Currently it is the only object with a nearly polar orbit that is in resonance with a planet.[8] Notably, it is part of a group of objects that orbit the Sun in a highly inclined orbit; the reasons for this unusual orbit are unknown as of August 2016.[9]

The orbital characteristics of 2011 KT19 have been compared to those of 2008 KV42 (Drac). The orbits of 2011 KT19, 2008 KV42, and four other objects appear to occupy a common plane, with three in prograde and three in retrograde orbits. The probability of this alignment occurring by chance is 0.016%. These orbits should leave a common plane in a few million years because the precession of prograde and retrograde orbits are in opposite directions. Simulations including the hypothetical Planet Nine did not maintain a common orbital plane and the plane does not coincide with the plane of the predicted high-inclination large semi-major axis objects of that model. Other simulations with a few Earth-mass dwarf planet on a high-inclination orbit also failed to reproduce the alignment.[6]

2011 KT19 orbit views.png
The orbit of 2011 KT19 in relation to Pluto and the planets of the Solar System
Niku and Drac
The orbit of Niku (purple), is shown with another steep retrograde TNO, Drac (yellow), and the other planets. Pluto's orbit is in red.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "MPEC 2011-L09 : 2011 KT19". IAU Minor Planet Center. 2 June 2011. (K11K19T; E-assumed due to short arc)
  2. ^ a b "Mystery object in weird orbit beyond Neptune cannot be explained". New Scientist. 10 August 2016. Retrieved 11 August 2016.
  3. ^ a b c "JPL Small-Body Database (2011 KT19)". JPL. NASA. Retrieved 12 August 2016.
  4. ^ a b "IAU Minor Planet Center - 2011 KT19". Minor Planet Center. IAU. Retrieved 12 August 2016.
  5. ^ "AstDyS (471325) 2011KT19 Ephemerides". Retrieved 18 February 2017.
  6. ^ a b c Chen, Ying-Tung; Lin, Hsing Wen; Holman, Matthew J; Payne, Matthew J; et al. (5 August 2016). "Discovery of A New Retrograde Trans-Neptunian Object: Hint of A Common Orbital Plane for Low Semi-Major Axis, High Inclination TNOs and Centaurs". The Astrophysical Journal. 827: L24. arXiv:1608.01808. Bibcode:2016ApJ...827L..24C. doi:10.3847/2041-8205/827/2/L24.
  7. ^ "What Makes the Solar System Like a Crime Scene? - Science Friday". 19 August 2016. Retrieved 19 August 2016.
  8. ^ Morais, M. H. M.; Nomouni, F. (2017). "First transneptunian object in polar resonance with Neptune". Letters. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. arXiv:1708.00346. Bibcode:2017MNRAS.472L...1M. doi:10.1093/mnrasl/slx125.
  9. ^ Dalton, Andrew (10 August 2016). "There's something weird going on beyond Neptune". Engadget. AOL. Retrieved 11 August 2016.

External links[edit]