(48639) 1995 TL8
|Discovered by||A. Gleason (Spacewatch)|
|Discovery date||15 October 1995 and
9 November 2002 (moon)
|MPC designation||(48639) 1995 TL8|
|Epoch 30 November 2008 (JD 2454800.5)|
9,736 Gm (Q)
5,980 Gm (q)
7,858 Gm (a)
|380.77 a (139077 d)|
Average orbital speed
and ≈160 km (secondary)
|5.28 and 6.98|
(48639) 1995 TL8 (also written (48639) 1995 TL8) is a classical Kuiper belt object possessing a relatively large satellite.
Discovered in 1995 by Arianna E. Gleason as part of the Spacewatch project, it was the first of the bodies presently classified as a scattered-disc object (SDO) to be discovered, preceding the SDO prototype (15874) 1996 TL66 by almost a year.
A companion was discovered by Denise C. Stephens and Keith S. Noll, from observations with the Hubble Space Telescope taken on 9 November 2002, and announced on 5 October 2005. The satellite, designated S/2002 (48639) 1, is relatively large, having a likely mass of about 10% of the primary. Its orbit has not been determined, but it was at a separation of only about 420 kilometres (260 mi) to the primary at the time of discovery, with a possible orbital period of about half a day and an estimated diameter of 161 kilometres (100 mi).
(48639) 1995 TL8 is classified as scattered–extended by the Deep Ecliptic Survey (DES), since its orbit appears to be beyond significant gravitational interactions with Neptune's current orbit. However, if Neptune migrated outward, there would have been a period when Neptune had a higher eccentricity.
Simulations by Emel’yanenko and Kiseleva in 2007 show that (48639) 1995 TL8 appears to have less than a 1% chance of being in a 3:7 resonance with Neptune, but it does execute circulations near this resonance.
It has been observed 48 times and has an orbit quality code of 4 (0 being best; 9 being worst).
- 3753 Cruithne (orbital circulations due to near resonant perturbations with Earth)
- (131696) 2001 XT254 - to see a proper 3:7 resonance with Neptune
- Marc W. Buie (2003-10-22). "Orbit Fit and Astrometric record for 48639". SwRI (Space Science Department). Retrieved 2009-01-26.
- "JPL Small-Body Database Browser: 48639 (1995 TL8)" (last obs). 2008-08-29. Retrieved 2009-01-26.
- Wm. Robert Johnston (22 August 2008). "List of Known Trans-Neptunian Objects". Johnston's Archive. Archived from the original on 13 February 2009. Retrieved 2009-01-26.
- Wm. Robert Johnston (2005-10-09). "(48639) 1995 TL8". Johnston's Archive. Archived from the original on 10 December 2005. Retrieved 2006-02-07.
- Emel’yanenko, V. V; Kiseleva, E. L. (2008). "Resonant motion of trans-Neptunian objects in high-eccentricity orbits". Astronomy Letters 34 (4): 271–279. Bibcode:2008AstL...34..271E. doi:10.1134/S1063773708040075.
- Orbital simulation from JPL (Java) / Horizons Ephemeris
- 1999 MPEC listing
- 2000 MPEC listing
- IAU minor planet lists