(Benzene)ruthenium dichloride dimer

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(benzene)ruthenium dichloride dimer
Other names
Dichloro(benzene)ruthenium(II) dimer, bis(η6-benzene)di-μ-chlorodichlorodiruthenium, (benzene)dichlororuthenium dimer, benzeneruthenium dichloride dimer, benzeneruthenium(II) chloride dimer
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Molar mass 500.17 g·mol−1
Appearance Red-brown solid
Density 2.343 g/cm3
Melting point decomposes
Slightly, with hydrolysis
GHS labelling:
GHS07: Exclamation mark
H315, H319, H335
P261, P264, P271, P280, P302+P352, P304+P340, P305+P351+P338, P312, P321, P332+P313, P337+P313, P362, P403+P233, P405, P501
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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(Benzene)ruthenium dichloride dimer is the organoruthenium compound with the formula [(C6H6)RuCl2]2. This red-coloured, diamagnetic solid is a reagent in organometallic chemistry and homogeneous catalysis.

Preparation, structure, and reactions[edit]

The dimer is prepared by the reaction of cyclohexadienes with hydrated ruthenium trichloride.[1] As verified by X-ray crystallography, each Ru center is coordinated to three chloride ligands and a η6-benzene.[2] The complex can be viewed as an edge-shared bioctahedral structure.

(Benzene)ruthenium dichloride dimer reacts with Lewis bases to give monometallic adducts:

[(C6H6)RuCl2]2 + 2 PPh3 → 2 (C6H6)RuCl2(PPh3)

Related compounds[edit]


  1. ^ Bennett, M. A.; Huang, T. N.; Matheson, T. W.; Smith, A. K. (1982). 6-Hexamethylbenzene)ruthenium Complexes. Inorganic Syntheses. Vol. 21. pp. 74–78. doi:10.1002/9780470132524.ch16.
  2. ^ J. Canivet; B. Therrien; G. Suss-Fink (2005). "Di-μ-chlorobis[(η6-benzene) chlororuthenium(II)] Chloroform Disolvate". Acta Crystallographica Section E. 61 (6): m1090. doi:10.1107/S1600536805014157. S2CID 62686720.
  3. ^ Carole, William A.; Colacot, Thomas J. (2011). "Dichloro(mesitylene)ruthenium Dimer". Encyclopedia of Reagents for Organic Synthesis. doi:10.1002/047084289X.rn01290. ISBN 978-0471936237.