From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The English suffix -graphy means a "field of study" or related to "writing" a book, and is an anglicization of the French -graphie inherited from the Latin -graphia, which is a transliterated direct borrowing from Greek.




  • Geography – use of images to depict the Earth and its regions.
  • Radiography – use of X-rays to produce medical images

Types of works[edit]

Fields of study[edit]

  • Areography – geography of Mars (studies the physical features of the planet)
  • Cartography – study and making of maps
  • Cosmography – study and making of maps of the universe or cosmos
  • Cryptography – study of securing information.
  • Crystallography – study of crystals
  • Demography – study of the characteristics of human populations, such as size, growth, density, distribution, and vital statistics
  • Encephalography – recording of voltages from the brain
  • Ethnography – study of cultures
  • Floriography – language of flowers
  • Geography – study of spatial relationships on the Earth's surface
  • Hagiography – study of saints
  • Historiography – study of the study of history
  • Holography – study and mapping of computer project imaged called Holograms for interactive and assisted computations.
  • Hydrography – measurement and description of any waters
  • Oceanography – exploration and scientific study of the ocean and its phenomena
  • Orography – science and study of mountains
  • Reprography – reproduction of graphics through mechanical or electrical means
  • Selenography – study and mapping of the physical features of the Moon
  • Topography – study of Earth's surface shape and features or those of planets, moons and asteroids
  • Uranography – study and mapping of stars and space objects

See also[edit]


  • Black, Richard Harrison (1874). The student's manual complete; an etymological vocabulary of words derived from the Greek and Latin. Oxford University. pp. 10–12. Retrieved 2009-07-28. -graphy.
  • The Oxford Pocket Dictionary of Current English. 2009. Retrieved 2009-07-28.