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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The English suffix -graphy means a "field of study" or related to "writing" a book, and is an anglicization of the French -graphie inherited from the Latin -graphia, which is a transliterated direct borrowing from Greek.





Types of works


Fields of study

  • Areography – geography of Mars (studies the physical features of the planet)
  • Cartography – study and making of maps
  • Cosmography – study and making of maps of the universe or cosmos
  • Cryptography – study of securing information
  • Crystallography – study of crystals
  • Demography – study of the characteristics of human populations, such as size, growth, density, distribution, and vital statistics
  • Encephalography – recording of voltages from the brain
  • Ethnography – study of cultures
  • Floriography – language of flowers
  • Geography – study of the lands, features, inhabitants, and phenomena of the Earth.
    • Physiography – study of the processes and patterns in the Earth's environment.
    • Anthropogeography – study of human society's interactions and relationships with the environment.
  • Hagiography – study of saints
  • Historiography – study of the methods of historians
  • Holography – study and mapping of computer project imaged called Holograms for interactive and assisted computations.
  • Hydrography – measurement and description of any waters
  • Oceanography – exploration and scientific study of the ocean and its phenomena
  • Orography – science and study of mountains
  • Radiography – use of X-rays to produce medical images
  • Reprography – reproduction of graphics through mechanical or electrical means
  • Selenography – study and mapping of the physical features of the Moon
  • Topography – study of Earth's surface shape and features or those of planets, moons and asteroids
  • Uranography – study and mapping of stars and space objects

See also



  • Black, Richard Harrison (1874). The student's manual complete; an etymological vocabulary of words derived from the Greek and Latin. Oxford University. pp. 10–12. Retrieved 2009-07-28. -graphy.
  • The Oxford Pocket Dictionary of Current English. 2009. Retrieved 2009-07-28.