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- Formed by replacing the hydrogen atom in the –COOH by some other radical, for example methyl benzoate C6H5–CO–OCH3
- Formed by removing the nucleus (proton) of the hydrogen atom in the –COOH, producing an anion: then add a cation, for example sodium benzoate C6H5–CO–O− Na+
The suffix is derived from "-oic acid".
- International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry, Commission on Nomenclature of Organic Chemistry (1993). Panico R, Powell WH, Richer JC, eds. A guide to IUPAC nomenclature of organic compounds: recommendations 1993. Oxford: Blackwell Scientific Publications. ISBN 0-632-03702-4.
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