-oic acid

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The suffix -oic acid is the IUPAC nomenclature used in organic chemistry to form names of carboxylic acids containing the acidic -(C)OOH group.[1] It was extracted from the name of benzoic acid, which was named after benzoin resin, whose name probably came via Italian from Arabic lubān jāwī لُبَان جَاوِىّ = "frankincense from Java", because benzoin resin was brought from Indonesia.


  1. ^ *International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry, Commission on Nomenclature of Organic Chemistry (1993). Panico R; Powell WH; Richer JC, eds. A guide to IUPAC nomenclature of organic compounds: recommendations 1993. Oxford: Blackwell Scientific Publications. ISBN 0-632-03702-4.