|Place of origin||United States|
|Manufacturer||CCI, Federal, Hornady, PMC, Remington, Winchester|
|Parent case||.22 WMR|
|Bullet diameter||.172 in (4.4 mm)|
|Land diameter||.168 in (4.3 mm)|
|Neck diameter||.190 in (4.8 mm)|
|Shoulder diameter||.238 in (6.0 mm)|
|Base diameter||.238 in (6.0 mm)|
|Rim diameter||.286 in (7.3 mm)|
|Rim thickness||.05 in (1.3 mm)|
|Case length||1.058 in (26.9 mm)|
|Overall length||1.349 in (34.3 mm)|
|Maximum pressure (C.I.P.)||26,107 psi (180.00 MPa)|
.17 Hornady Magnum Rimfire, commonly known as the .17 HMR, is a rimfire rifle cartridge developed by the ammunition company Hornady in 2002. It was developed by necking down a .22 Magnum case to take a .17 caliber (4.5 mm) projectile. Commonly loaded with a 17 grain (1.1 g) projectile, it can deliver muzzle velocities in excess of 775 m/s (2,650 ft/s).
The .17 HMR round is similar to rounds developed by dedicated rimfire wildcatters who worked to create a rimfire cartridge with an exceptionally flat trajectory. These wildcatters were seeking to match the ballistics of the obsolete 5mm Remington Rimfire Magnum, which was made from 1970 to 1974, and was to that point the fastest rimfire cartridge ever produced. With 5 mm diameter barrels and bullets being virtually unavailable at the time (the 5mm RMR was the last commercial 5 mm round until the 2004 release of the centerfire .204 Ruger), the commercially available .17 caliber became their bullet of choice. The .22 Winchester Magnum Rimfire was the logical parent case, rather than 5mm RMR (with its unique case head size, which requires a significantly different bolt and magazine), because it was commonly available, and it is a far larger and stronger case than the next largest, the .22 Long Rifle. The .17 caliber wildcats not only met, but far exceeded the 5mm RMR's velocities and flat trajectory. The accuracy of these cartridges was also quite good. However, the downrange energy of the 5mm RMR is superior to both .22 WMR and .17 HMR, so there is still potential in the 5 mm rimfire for wildcatters.
Hornady, in conjunction with Marlin Firearms and Sturm, Ruger & Co. (manufacturers in the rimfire rifle market), followed much the same path. With the .22 WMR case as the starting point, a simple barrel change was sufficient for most .22 WMR firearms to chamber the new cartridge. In 2002, the first rifles and ammunition began appearing on the market. While the ammunition was relatively expensive due to the high-performance .17 caliber bullets used, it was still cheaper than most centerfire ammunition. By 2004, CCI, Federal Cartridge and Remington had each introduced .17 HMR ammunition offerings.
Cartridges for .17 HMR come with bullets that weigh 15.5 grains (1.00 g), 17 grains (1.1 g), and 20 grains (1.3 g), and come in designs such as plastic-tipped bullets, hollow points, soft points, and FMJs. The terminal ballistics of the lightweight expanding bullets limit the .17 HMR to small game animals and varmints. .17 HMR ammunition is less common and more expensive than the .22 caliber rimfire rounds, but this is changing as the popularity of .17 HMR rifles gathers momentum.
A growing number of companies offer .17 HMR ammunition. CCI Ammunition loads all of the .17 HMR ammunition for the CCI, Federal Cartridge, Hornady, and Remington brands. However, the ammunition is loaded with different bullets to different specifications. Ammunition is also available from Winchester, PMC and Sellier & Bellot.
Examples of bolt-action or lever-action rifles that are chambered for (or have variants chambered for) .17 HMR include Armscor M1700, Browning T-Bolt, CZ 452, Ruger Model 96, Savage 93, Steyr Zephyr II, Marlin 917 and Weihrauch 60J.
.17 Hornady Mach 2
Following the success of the .17 HMR, the .17 Hornady Mach 2 was introduced in early 2004. The .17 HM2 is based on the .22 LR (slightly shorter in case length) case necked down to .17 caliber using the same bullet as the HMR but at a velocity of approximately 2,100 feet per second (640 m/s) in the 17-grain (1.1 g) polymer tip loading.
- PMC ammunition site
- "Hornady .17 HMR Page". Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2007-09-25.
- "The .17 Hornady Magnum Rimfire". Archived from the original on 29 September 2007. Retrieved 2007-09-25.
- "Magnum Rimfire Comparison: .17 HMR, 5mm Rem. RF Mag, and .22 WMR". Archived from the original on 29 September 2007. Retrieved 2007-09-25.
- Centurion resumed manufacture of 5mm RMR in 2007.
- "The Borchardt Rifle Corp. sells parts to convert Ruger revolvers to .17 HMR". Archived from the original on 2012-03-22. Retrieved 2011-10-09.
- "Ammo Roundup: .17 HMR". Archived from the original on 2009-09-25. Retrieved 2007-09-25.
- ".17 HMR Semi-Auto Firearm Safety Issues". Archived from the original on 2012-02-25. Retrieved 2009-11-21.
- "Safety Warning And Recall Notice". Archived from the original on 12 February 2010. Retrieved 2010-02-06.
- Varmint Al's Field Testing the .17 HMR