.50-110 Winchester

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.50-110 WCF ( Winchester Center fire )
Type Rifle
Place of origin USA
Specifications
Bullet diameter .512 in (13.0 mm)
Neck diameter .534 in (13.6 mm)
Base diameter .551 in (14.0 mm)
Rim diameter .607 in (15.4 mm)
Case length 2.40 in (61 mm)
Overall length 2.75 in (70 mm)
Primer type large rifle
Ballistic performance
Bullet mass/type Velocity Energy
300 gr (19 g) (black powder, .50-100 factory load) 1,605 ft/s (489 m/s) 1,720 ft·lbf (2,330 J)
285 gr (18 g) 1,600 ft/s (490 m/s) 1,710 ft·lbf (2,320 J)
450 gr (29 g) (black powder) 1,475 ft/s (450 m/s) 2,190 ft·lbf (2,970 J)
285 gr (18 g) (smokeless) 1,750 ft/s (530 m/s) 2,045 ft·lbf (2,773 J)
300 gr (19 g) (smokeless factory load) 2,225 ft/s (678 m/s) 3,298 ft·lbf (4,471 J)
Source(s): Barnes & Amber 1972

The .50-110 WCF (also known as the .50-100-450 WCF , with different loadings) is an obsolete American black powder centerfire rifle cartridge.

Introduced in 1899 for the Winchester Model 1886 repeater,[1] the .50-110 WCF was also available in single-shot weapons such as the Winchester 1885 Hi-Wall. Slight variations in charge weight in the same case led to the mistaken belief these were different rounds, when in fact they were not.[1]

Designed for black powder, the .50-110 was also available in a potent smokeless loading, comparable to British elephant rounds.[1] In power, the standard load was comparable to the contemporary British .500 Black Powder Express, [2] It is sufficient for elk, deer, moose, or bear at medium range or in woods,[3] and thin-skinned African game, but not dangerous animals such as elephant. The high-velocity smokeless load was in a class with the .444 Marlin,[4] and its power exceeded the .348[5] and .358 Winchester.[6]

Winchester continued to offer the cartridge commercially until 1935[1] and while it is still offered by some suppliers, due to its obsolescence and resultant obscurity, it is significantly more costly than more current cartridges — averaging from US$3 to $4 per round.[citation needed] Also in more modern guns like the new browning 1886 71 Winchester and the new 1886 Winchesters made in Japan are capable of much higher pressures and the 50–110 WCF can achieve up to 6,000 foot pounds of energy.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Barnes, p.116, ".50-110 WCF ".
  2. ^ Barnes,pp.34 and 230.
  3. ^ Barnes, p.230
  4. ^ Barnes, p.62.
  5. ^ Barnes, p.52.
  6. ^ Barnes, p.54.

Sources[edit]

  • Barnes, Frank C., ed. by John T. Amber. ".50-110 Winchester", in Cartridges of the World, pp. 116 & 124. Northfield, IL: DBI Books, 1972. ISBN 0-695-80326-3.
  • ______ and _____. ".30-30 Winchester", in Cartridges of the World, p. 34. Northfield, IL: DBI Books, 1972. ISBN 0-695-80326-3.
  • ______ and _____. ".577 Nitro-Express", in Cartridges of the World, p. 233. Northfield, IL: DBI Books, 1972. ISBN 0-695-80326-3.
  • ______ and _____. ".500 No. 2 Express (.577/.500)", in Cartridges of the World, p. 230. Northfield, IL: DBI Books, 1972. ISBN 0-695-80326-3.
  • ______ and _____. ".444 Marlin", in Cartridges of the World, p. 62. Northfield, IL: DBI Books, 1972. ISBN 0-695-80326-3.
  • ______ and _____. ".348 Winchester", in Cartridges of the World, p. 52. Northfield, IL: DBI Books, 1972. ISBN 0-695-80326-3.
  • ______ and _____. ".358 Winchester", in Cartridges of the World, p. 54. Northfield, IL: DBI Books, 1972. ISBN 0-695-80326-3.