.NET Framework version history

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.NET Framework stack

Microsoft started development on the .NET Framework in the late 1990s originally under the name of Next Generation Windows Services (NGWS). By late 2000 the first beta versions of .NET 1.0 were released.[1]

Version 3.0 of the .NET Framework is included with Windows Server 2008 and Windows Vista. Version 3.5 is included with Windows 7, and can also be installed on Windows XP and the Windows Server 2003 family of operating systems.[2] On 12 April 2010, .NET Framework 4 was released alongside Visual Studio 2010.

The .NET Framework family also includes two versions for mobile or Embedded device use. A reduced version of the framework, the .NET Compact Framework, is available on Windows CE platforms, including Windows Mobile devices such as smartphones. Additionally, the .NET Micro Framework is targeted at severely resource-constrained devices.

Overview[edit]

Overview of .NET Framework release history[3]
Generation Version number Release date Development tool Distributed with Supersedes
1.0 1.0.3705.0 2002-02-13 Visual Studio .NET N/A N/A
1.1 1.1.4322.573 2003-04-24 Visual Studio .NET 2003 Windows Server 2003 1.0
2.0 2.0.50727.42 2005-11-07 Visual Studio 2005 Windows Server 2003 R2 N/A
3.0 3.0.4506.30 2006-11-06 Expression Blend Windows Vista, Windows Server 2008 2.0
3.5 3.5.21022.8 2007-11-19 Visual Studio 2008 Windows 7, Windows Server 2008 R2 2.0, 3.0
4.0 4.0.30319.1 2010-04-12 Visual Studio 2010 N/A N/A
4.5 4.5.50709.17929 2012-08-15 Visual Studio 2012 Windows 8, Windows Server 2012 4.0
4.5.1 4.5.50938.18408 2013-10-17 Visual Studio 2013 Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 R2 4.0, 4.5

A more complete listing of the releases of the .NET Framework may be found on the List of .NET Framework versions.

.NET Framework 1.0[edit]

This is the first release of the .NET Framework, released on 13 February 2002 and available for Windows 98, ME, NT 4.0, 2000, and XP. Mainstream support by Microsoft for this version ended 10 July 2007, and extended support ended 14 July 2009, with the exception of XP Media Center and Tablet PC editions.[4]

.NET Framework 1.1[edit]

This is the first major .NET Framework upgrade. It is available on its own as a redistributable package or in a software development kit, and was published on 3 April 2003. It is also part of the second release of Microsoft Visual Studio .NET (released as Visual Studio .NET 2003). This is the first version of the .NET Framework to be included as part of the Windows operating system, shipping with Windows Server 2003. Mainstream support for .NET Framework 1.1 ended on 14 October 2008, and extended support ended on 8 October 2013. Since .NET 1.1 is a component of Windows Server 2003, extended support for .NET 1.1 on Server 2003 will run out with that of the OS – currently 14 July 2015. .NET 1.1 is the last available version for Windows NT 4.0.

If .NET Framework 1.0 is removed, installing only .NET Framework 1.1 also provides the system support for version 1.0, except in rare instances where an application will not run because it checks the version number of a library.[5]

Changes in 1.1 in comparison with 1.0[edit]

  • Built-in support for mobile ASP.NET controls. Previously available as an add-on for .NET Framework, now part of the framework.
  • Security changes – enable Windows Forms assemblies to execute in a semi-trusted manner from the Internet, and enable Code Access Security in ASP.NET applications.
  • Built-in support for ODBC and databases. Previously available as an add-on for .NET Framework 1.0, now part of the framework.
  • .NET Compact Framework – a version of the .NET Framework for small devices.
  • Internet Protocol version 6 (IPv6) support.
  • Numerous API changes.

.NET Framework 2.0[edit]

Released with Visual Studio 2005, Microsoft SQL Server 2005, and BizTalk 2006.

  • The 2.0 Redistributable Package can be downloaded for free from Microsoft, and was published on 22 January 2006.
  • The 2.0 Software Development Kit (SDK) can be downloaded for free from Microsoft.
  • It is included as part of Visual Studio 2005 and Microsoft SQL Server 2005.
  • Version 2.0 without any Service Pack is the last version with support for Windows 98 and Windows Me. Version 2.0 with Service Pack 2 is the last version with official support for Windows 2000 although there have been some unofficial workarounds published online to use a subset of the functionality from Version 3.5 in Windows 2000.[6] Version 2.0 with Service Pack 2 requires Windows 2000 with SP4 plus KB835732 or KB891861 update, Windows XP with SP2 or later and Windows Installer 3.1 (KB893803-v2)
  • It shipped with Windows Server 2003 R2 (not installed by default).

Changes in 2.0 in comparison with 1.1[edit]

  • Generics
  • Language support for generics built directly into the .NET CLR.
  • Full computing support for both the x64 and the IA-64 hardware platforms.
  • Numerous API changes.
  • Microsoft SQL Server integration – .NET 2.0, VS 2005, and SQL Server 2005 are all tied together. This means that instead of using T-SQL, one can build stored procedures and triggers in any of the .NET-compatible languages.
  • A new hosting API for native applications wishing to host an instance of the .NET runtime. The new API gives a fine grain control on the behavior of the runtime with regards to multithreading, memory allocation, assembly loading and more (detailed reference). It was initially developed to efficiently host the runtime in Microsoft SQL Server, which implements its own scheduler and memory manager.
  • Many additional and improved ASP.NET web controls.
  • New data controls with declarative data binding.
  • New personalization features for ASP.NET, such as support for themes, skins, master pages and webparts.
  • .NET Micro Framework – a version of the .NET Framework related to the Smart Personal Objects Technology initiative.
  • Membership provider
  • Partial classes
  • Nullable types
  • Anonymous methods
  • Iterators
  • Data tables
  • Introduces Common Language Runtime 2.0

.NET Framework 3.0[edit]

.NET Framework 3.0, formerly called WinFX,[7] was released on 21 November 2006. It includes a new set of managed code APIs that are an integral part of Windows Vista and Windows Server 2008 operating systems. It is also available for Windows XP SP2 and Windows Server 2003 as a download. There are no major architectural changes included with this release; .NET Framework 3.0 uses the same Common Language Runtime (CLR) as .NET Framework 2.0.[8] Unlike the previous major .NET releases there was no .NET Compact Framework release made as a counterpart of this version. Version 3.0 of the .NET Framework shipped with Windows Vista. It also shipped with Windows Server 2008 as an optional component (disabled by default).

.NET Framework 3.0 consists of four major new components:

.NET Framework 3.5[edit]

Version 3.5 of the .NET Framework was released on 19 November 2007, but it is not included with Windows Server 2008. As with .NET Framework 3.0, version 3.5 uses Common Language Runtime (CLR) 2.0, that is, the same version as .NET Framework version 2.0. In addition, .NET Framework 3.5 also installs .NET Framework 2.0 SP1 and 3.0 SP1 (with the later 3.5 SP1 instead installing 2.0 SP2 and 3.0 SP2), which adds some methods and properties to the BCL classes in version 2.0 which are required for version 3.5 features such as Language Integrated Query (LINQ). These changes do not affect applications written for version 2.0, however.[9]

As with previous versions, a new .NET Compact Framework 3.5 was released in tandem with this update in order to provide support for additional features on Windows Mobile and Windows Embedded CE devices.

The source code of the Framework Class Library in this version has been partially released (for debugging reference only) under the Microsoft Reference Source License.[10]

Service Pack 1 [edit]

The .NET Framework 3.5 Service Pack 1 was released on 11 August 2008. This release adds new functionality and provides performance improvements under certain conditions,[11] especially with WPF where 20–45% improvements are expected. Two new data service components have been added, the ADO.NET Entity Framework and ADO.NET Data Services. Two new assemblies for web development, System.Web.Abstraction and System.Web.Routing, have been added; these are used in the ASP.NET MVC Framework and, reportedly, will be used in the future release of ASP.NET Forms applications. Service Pack 1 is included with SQL Server 2008 and Visual Studio 2008 Service Pack 1. It also featured a new set of controls called "Visual Basic Power Packs" which brought back Visual Basic controls such as "Line" and "Shape". Version 3.5 SP1 of the .NET Framework shipped with Windows 7. It also shipped with Windows Server 2008 R2 as an optional component (disabled by default).

.NET Framework 3.5 SP1 Client Profile[edit]

For the .NET Framework 3.5 SP1 there is also a new variant of the .NET Framework, called the ".NET Framework Client Profile", which at 28 MB is significantly smaller than the full framework and only installs components that are the most relevant to desktop applications.[12] However, the Client Profile amounts to this size only if using the online installer on Windows XP SP2 when no other .NET Frameworks are installed or using Windows Update. When using the off-line installer or any other OS, the download size is still 250 MB.[13]

.NET Framework 4[edit]

Key focuses for this release are:

History[edit]

Microsoft announced the intention to ship .NET Framework 4 on 29 September 2008. The Public Beta was released on 20 May 2009.[17]

On 28 July 2009, a second release of the .NET Framework 4 beta was made available with experimental software transactional memory support.[18] This functionality is not available in the final version of the framework.

On 19 October 2009, Microsoft released Beta 2 of the .NET Framework 4.[19] At the same time, Microsoft announced the expected launch date for .NET Framework 4 as the 22 March 2010.[19] This launch date was subsequently delayed to 12 April 2010.[20]

On 10 February 2010, a release candidate was published: Version:RC.[21]

On 12 April 2010, the final version of .NET Framework 4.0 was launched alongside the final release of Microsoft Visual Studio 2010.

On 18 April 2011, version 4.0.1 was released supporting some customer-demanded fixes for Windows Workflow Foundation.[22] Its design-time component, which requires Visual Studio 2010 SP1, adds a workflow state machine designer.[23]

On 19 October 2011, version 4.0.2 was released supporting some new features of Microsoft SQL Server.[24]

Windows Server AppFabric[edit]

After the release of the .NET Framework 4, Microsoft released a set of enhancements, named Windows Server AppFabric,[25] for application server capabilities in the form of AppFabric Hosting[26][27] and in-memory distributed caching support.

.NET Framework 4.5[edit]

.NET Framework 4.5 was released on 15 August 2012;[28] a set of new or improved features were added into this version.[29] The .NET Framework 4.5 is only supported on Windows Vista or later.[30][31] The .NET Framework 4.5 uses Common Language Runtime 4.0, with some additional runtime features.[32]

.NET for Metro style apps[edit]

Metro-style apps are designed for specific form factors and leverage the power of the Windows operating system. A subset of the .NET Framework is available for building Metro style apps for Windows 8 using C# or Visual Basic. This subset is called .NET APIs for apps.

The version of .NET Framework, runtime and libraries, used for Metro style apps is a part of the new Windows Runtime, which is the new platform and application model for Metro style apps. It is an ecosystem that houses many platforms and languages, including .NET Framework, C++ and HTML5/JavaScript.

Framework Core[edit]

Core Features[edit]

  • Ability to limit how long the regular expression engine will attempt to resolve a regular expression before it times out.
  • Ability to define the culture for an application domain.
  • Console support for Unicode (UTF-16) encoding.
  • Support for versioning of cultural string ordering and comparison data.
  • Better performance when retrieving resources.
  • Zip compression improvements to reduce the size of a compressed file.
  • Ability to customize a reflection context to override default reflection behavior through the CustomReflectionContext class.

Managed Extensibility Framework (MEF)[edit]

Asynchronous operations[edit]

In the .NET Framework 4.5, new asynchronous features were added to the C# and Visual Basic languages. These features add a task-based model for performing asynchronous operations.[33][34]

ASP.NET[edit]

Networking[edit]

  1. Provides a new programming interface for HTTP applications: System.Net.Http namespace and System.Net.Http.Headers namespaces are added
  2. Improved internationalization and IPv6 support
  3. RFC-compliant URI support
  4. Support for internationalized domain name (IDN) parsing
  5. Support for Email Address Internationalization (EAI)

.NET Framework 4.5.1[edit]

The release of .NET Framework 4.5.1 was announced on 17 October 2013 along Visual Studio 2013.[35] This version requires Windows Vista SP2 and later[36] and is included with Windows 8.1 and Windows Server 2012 R2.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Framework Versions". Archived from the original on 4 May 2008. 
  2. ^ "Microsoft .NET Framework 3.5 Administrator Deployment Guide". MSDN. Microsoft. Retrieved 26 June 2008. 
  3. ^ ".NET Framework Versions and Dependencies". MSDN. Microsoft. Retrieved 17 January 2014. 
  4. ^ "Microsoft Product Lifecycle Search". Microsoft. Archived from the original on 5 September 2009. Retrieved 25 January 2008. 
  5. ^ ".NET Framework Developer Center – Frequently Asked Questions". Archived from the original on July 24, 2012. 
  6. ^ "Microsoft .NET Framework 3.5 in Windows 2000". Archived from the original on 6 October 2011. Retrieved 6 October 2011. 
  7. ^ WinFX name change announcement Archived 21 June 2007 at WebCite
  8. ^ ".NET Framework 3.0 Versioning and Deployment Q&A". Retrieved 1 June 2008. 
  9. ^ "Catching RedBits differences in .NET 2.0 and .NET 2.0SP1". Archived from the original on 30 April 2008. Retrieved 1 June 2008. 
  10. ^ Scott Guthrie (3 October 2007). "Releasing the Source Code for the NET Framework". Archived from the original on 7 September 2010. Retrieved 15 September 2010. 
  11. ^ "Visual Studio 2008 Service Pack 1 and .NET Framework 3.5 Service Pack 1". Archived from the original on 4 September 2008. Retrieved 7 September 2008. 
  12. ^ Justin Van Patten (21 May 2008). ".NET Framework Client Profile". BCL Team Blog. MSDN Blogs. Archived from the original on 7 December 2008. Retrieved 30 September 2008. 
  13. ^ Jaime Rodriguez (20 August 2008). "Client profile explained..". Archived from the original on 5 February 2009. Retrieved 15 February 2009. 
  14. ^ S. Somasegar. "The world of multi and many cores". Archived from the original on 22 June 2007. Retrieved 1 June 2008. 
  15. ^ "Parallel LINQ: Running Queries On Multi-Core Processors". Retrieved 2 June 2008. 
  16. ^ "Parallel Performance: Optimize Managed Code For Multi-Core Machines". Retrieved 2 June 2008. 
  17. ^ S. Somasegar. "Visual Studio 2010 and .NET FX 4 Beta 1 ships!". Archived from the original on 27 May 2009. Retrieved 25 May 2009. 
  18. ^ "STM.NET on DevLabs". 27 July 2008. Archived from the original on 10 August 2009. Retrieved 6 August 2008. 
  19. ^ a b S. Somasegar. "Announcing Visual Studio 2010 and .NET FX 4 Beta 2". MSDN Blogs. Archived from the original on 22 October 2009. Retrieved 20 October 2009. 
  20. ^ Rob Caron. "Visual Studio 2010 and .NET Framework 4 Launch Date". MSDN Blogs. Archived from the original on 17 January 2010. Retrieved 13 January 2010. 
  21. ^ http://www.infoworld.com/d/developer-world/microsoft-offers-visual-studio-2010-release-candidate-643 Archived 21 May 2010 at the Wayback Machine
  22. ^ "Update 4.0.1 for Microsoft .NET Framework 4 - Design-Time Update for Visual Studio 2010 SP1". Support.microsoft.com. 2012-06-25. Retrieved 2013-01-16. 
  23. ^ "Microsoft .NET Framework 4 Platform Update 1 - The .NET Endpoint - Site Home - MSDN Blogs". Blogs.msdn.com. 2011-04-19. Retrieved 2013-01-16. 
  24. ^ "Update 4.0.2 for Microsoft .NET Framework 4 – Runtime Update". Support.microsoft.com. 2012-06-14. Retrieved 2013-01-16. 
  25. ^ Windows Server AppFabric now Generally Available : AppFabric Blog : The Official Microsoft IIS Site
  26. ^ "'Dublin' App Server coming to .NET 4". DevSource. Retrieved 27 April 2009. 
  27. ^ ".NET Framework 4 and Dublin Application Server". MSDN Blogs. Archived from the original on 10 May 2009. Retrieved 27 April 2009. 
  28. ^ Brandon Bray(MSDN Blogs). "Announcing the release of .NET Framework 4.5 RTM - Product and Source Code". Retrieved 15 August 2012. 
  29. ^ MSDN Library. "What's New in the .NET Framework 4.5". Retrieved 15 August 2012. 
  30. ^ Microsoft .NET Framework 4.5
  31. ^ Standalone Installers .NET 4.5
  32. ^ .NET Framework Versions and Dependencies
  33. ^ http://blogs.msdn.com/b/dotnet/archive/2012/04/03/async-in-4-5-worth-the-await.aspx
  34. ^ http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/hh191443.aspx
  35. ^ ".NET Framework 4.5.1 RTM => start coding". .NET Framework Blog. Microsoft. 17 October 2013. Retrieved 18 November 2013. 
  36. ^ "Microsoft .NET Framework 4.5.1 (Offline Installer)". Download Center. Microsoft. 12 October 2013. Retrieved 18 November 2013.