|Introduced||24 October 1985|
|TLD type||Country code top-level domain|
|Registry||Israel Internet Association|
|Sponsor||Internet Society of Israel, NIC - ISRAEL[permanent dead link]|
|Intended use||Entities connected with:|
|Actual use||Popular in Israel|
|Registered domains||283,474 (2023-01-16)|
|Registration restrictions||Limitations vary based on which 2nd-level domain registration is within; registry reserves right to screen and reject applications|
|Structure||Names are registered at third-level within generic second-level categories; second-level name registry directly under .il not supported|
|Dispute policies||Optional dispute resolution via Advisory Committee|
|Introduced||22 November 2022|
|TLD type||Internationalized country code top-level domain|
|Registry||Israel Internet Association|
|Sponsor||Internet Society of Israel|
|Intended use||Entities connected with Israel with content in the Hebrew alphabet|
|Registered domains||20,240 (2023-01-16)|
|Registration restrictions||Only Hebrew alphabet, digits, hyphens can be used.|
|Structure||Names to be registered either at second-level directly under ישראל. or at third-level within generic second-level categories|
.il is the Internet country code top-level domain (ccTLD) of Israel, administered by the Israel Internet Association and managed by NIC - ISRAEL[permanent dead link], which hosts the DNS root server and manages the Israeli Internet Exchange, that supports IPv4 and IPv6.
The .il top-level domain is one of the earliest registered ccTLDs. When Israel registered it, on 24 October 1985, it was the third registration of any ccTLD, after .us and .uk, which were registered earlier that year.
As of 10 June 2014 there are 227,066 domain names registered under the .il ccTLD in Israel.
Top-level domains in Hebrew script
On 19 May 2020, ICANN approved the use of the
ישראל. domain, that was proposed in 2012. It was delegated on 11 February 2021, and since 22 November 2022 it is possible to register domain names in full Hebrew script.
Unlike the structure of .il, domain names registered under ישראל. may be either directly at second-level (for example: איגוד-האינטרנט.ישראל) or at third-level under one of these second-level domains:
אקדמיה.ישראל.: Academic institutions; equivalent to .ac.il.
ממשל.ישראל.: Government and Governmental System; equivalent to .gov.il.
צהל.ישראל.: Israel Defense Forces; equivalent to .idf.il.
ישוב.ישראל.: Municipal Government; equivalent to .muni.il.
There will not be a Hebrew-script equivalent to these second-level domains:
As a more private initiative the top-level domain .קום ("com") was registered by VeriSign in 2016. It has as of 2020 many thousand second-level domains, mostly in Hebrew script, some in Latin script.
Domain names ending with .il will always be in the third level under one of these second-level domains:
.ac.il: Academic Institutions; administration delegated to the Inter-University Computation Center.
.co.il: Commercial Entities; administration delegated to five private registrars.
.org.il: Non-commercial Organizations; administration delegated to five private registrars.
.net.il: Israeli Internet service providers; available only to licensed providers by the Israel Internet Association.
.k12.il: Schools and Kindergartens
.gov.il: Government and Governmental System; administration delegated to Ministry of Finance.
.muni.il: Municipal Government
.idf.il: Israel Defense Forces; administration delegated to the army's Center of Computing and Information Systems.
Registration of other second-level domain names directly under .il is not supported.
Hebrew third level domains such as
איגוד-האינטרנט.org.il are available since 2010.
- ^ a b "Statistics". Israel Internet Association. 16 January 2023. Retrieved 16 January 2023.
- ^ ccTLD ישראל. Domains – Frequently Asked Questions
- ^ a b IANA's Delegation Record, at the bottom of the page.
- ^ a b "About Us". Israel Internet Association - ISOC-IL. Retrieved 10 June 2014.
- ^ "Delegation Record for .US". IANA. Retrieved 10 June 2014.
- ^ "Delegation Record for .UK". IANA. Retrieved 10 June 2014.
- ^ "".ישראל " – New Israeli country code top-level domain (ccTLD)". ISOC. Retrieved 16 June 2020.
- ^ "ICANN Announces Successful String Evaluation for Israel IDN ccTLD". ICANN. Retrieved 16 June 2020.
- ^ "IDN ccTLD Form of Interest - Israel". ICANN. Retrieved 25 February 2012.
- ^ "עצמאות אינטרנטית כחול-לבן: מהיום ניתן לרשום שמות מתחם בעברית באופן מלא". ISOC-IL. Retrieved 22 November 2022.
- ^ "Registration rules for ישראל. (in Hebrew)" (PDF).
- ^ "Rules for the Allocation of Domain Names Under the Israel Country Code Top Level Domain ("IL ")". Israel Internet Association - ISOC-IL. August 2010. Retrieved 10 June 2014.
- ^ Hebrew Domain Names Archived 10 August 2014 at the Wayback Machine
- IANA .il whois information
- Israeli Internet Association – Archived 29 August 2006 at the Wayback Machine
- Israeli Internet Association – official site of the .il ccTLD (English version)
- Israel Network Information Center[permanent dead link]