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Israel Internet Association
Introduced24 October 1985; 37 years ago (1985-10-24)
TLD typeCountry code top-level domain
RegistryIsrael Internet Association
SponsorInternet Society of Israel, NIC - ISRAEL[permanent dead link]
Intended useEntities connected with:
Actual usePopular in Israel
Registered domains283,474 (2023-01-16)[1]
Registration restrictionsLimitations vary based on which 2nd-level domain registration is within; registry reserves right to screen and reject applications
StructureNames are registered at third-level within generic second-level categories; second-level name registry directly under .il not supported
DocumentsRegistration rules
Dispute policiesOptional dispute resolution via Advisory Committee
Registry websiteen.isoc.org.il
Introduced22 November 2022; 4 months ago (2022-11-22)
TLD typeInternationalized country code top-level domain
RegistryIsrael Internet Association
SponsorInternet Society of Israel
Intended useEntities connected with  Israel with content in the Hebrew alphabet
Registered domains20,240 (2023-01-16)[1]
Registration restrictionsOnly Hebrew alphabet, digits, hyphens can be used.[2]
StructureNames to be registered either at second-level directly under ישראל. or at third-level within generic second-level categories
DocumentsRegistration rules
DNS namexn--4dbrk0ce
Registry websiteכולנו.ישראל

.il is the Internet country code top-level domain (ccTLD) of Israel, administered by the Israel Internet Association and managed by NIC - ISRAEL[permanent dead link], which hosts the DNS root server and manages the Israeli Internet Exchange, that supports IPv4 and IPv6.[3][4]

The .il top-level domain is one of the earliest registered ccTLDs. When Israel registered it, on 24 October 1985,[3] it was the third registration of any ccTLD, after .us[5] and .uk,[6] which were registered earlier that year.

As of 10 June 2014 there are 227,066 domain names registered under the .il ccTLD in Israel.[4]

Top-level domains in Hebrew script[edit]

On 19 May 2020, ICANN approved the use of the ישראל.‎ domain,[7][8] that was proposed in 2012.[9] It was delegated on 11 February 2021, and since 22 November 2022 it is possible to register domain names in full Hebrew script.[10]

Unlike the structure of .il, domain names registered under ישראל. may be either directly at second-level (for example: איגוד-האינטרנט.ישראל) or at third-level under one of these second-level domains:[11]

  • אקדמיה.ישראל.: Academic institutions; equivalent to .ac.il.
  • ממשל.ישראל.: Government and Governmental System; equivalent to .gov.il.
  • צהל.ישראל.: Israel Defense Forces; equivalent to .idf.il.
  • ישוב.ישראל.: Municipal Government; equivalent to .muni.il.

There will not be a Hebrew-script equivalent to these second-level domains:

  • .co.il
  • .org.il
  • .k12.il
  • .net.il

As a more private initiative the top-level domain .קום ("com") was registered by VeriSign in 2016. It has as of 2020 many thousand second-level domains, mostly in Hebrew script, some in Latin script.

Second-level domains[edit]

Domain names ending with .il will always be in the third level under one of these second-level domains:[12]

  • .ac.il: Academic Institutions; administration delegated to the Inter-University Computation Center.
  • .co.il: Commercial Entities; administration delegated to five private registrars.
  • .org.il: Non-commercial Organizations; administration delegated to five private registrars.
  • .net.il: Israeli Internet service providers; available only to licensed providers by the Israel Internet Association.
  • .k12.il: Schools and Kindergartens
  • .gov.il: Government and Governmental System; administration delegated to Ministry of Finance.
  • .muni.il: Municipal Government
  • .idf.il: Israel Defense Forces; administration delegated to the army's Center of Computing and Information Systems.

Registration of other second-level domain names directly under .il is not supported.

Hebrew third level domains such as איגוד-האינטרנט.org.il are available since 2010.[13]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "Statistics". Israel Internet Association. 16 January 2023. Retrieved 16 January 2023.
  2. ^ ccTLD ישראל. Domains – Frequently Asked Questions
  3. ^ a b IANA's Delegation Record, at the bottom of the page.
  4. ^ a b "About Us". Israel Internet Association - ISOC-IL. Retrieved 10 June 2014.
  5. ^ "Delegation Record for .US". IANA. Retrieved 10 June 2014.
  6. ^ "Delegation Record for .UK". IANA. Retrieved 10 June 2014.
  7. ^ "".ישראל " – New Israeli country code top-level domain (ccTLD)". ISOC. Retrieved 16 June 2020.
  8. ^ "ICANN Announces Successful String Evaluation for Israel IDN ccTLD". ICANN. Retrieved 16 June 2020.
  9. ^ "IDN ccTLD Form of Interest - Israel". ICANN. Retrieved 25 February 2012.
  10. ^ "עצמאות אינטרנטית כחול-לבן: מהיום ניתן לרשום שמות מתחם בעברית באופן מלא". ISOC-IL. Retrieved 22 November 2022.
  11. ^ "Registration rules for ישראל. (in Hebrew)" (PDF).
  12. ^ "Rules for the Allocation of Domain Names Under the Israel Country Code Top Level Domain ("IL ")". Israel Internet Association - ISOC-IL. August 2010. Retrieved 10 June 2014.
  13. ^ Hebrew Domain Names Archived 10 August 2014 at the Wayback Machine

External links[edit]