|Introduced||August 5, 1986|
|TLD type||Country code top-level domain|
|Registry||Japan Registry Services|
|Intended use||Entities connected with Japan|
|Actual use||Used in Japan|
|Registered domains||1,742,261 (2023-07-01)|
|Registration restrictions||Second-level registrations require a Japanese mailing address; third-level registrations have varying rules depending on which second-level name they are beneath|
|Structure||Registrations permitted at second level and at third level beneath various second-level labels|
|Documents||ICANN sponsorship agreement|
At the establishment of the .jp domain, the domain was administered by the JPNIC, as part of their role as an overseeing technical body for the Internet in Japan. It was originally proposed by Jun Murai for the Information Sciences Institute at the University of Southern California on August 5, 1986. Handling of the domain was first managed within the "junet-admin" admin group, which was responsible for the operations of JUNET, an early computer network in which Murai was a part of.
In April 1989, the junet-admin group began formally registering .jp domain names. However, due to the growing importance and size of the .jp registry, it was decided at the 11th General Meeting of JPNIC in December 2000 to create a new corporation that would manage the .jp domain. Thus, the Japan Registry Service was created, and on June 30, 2003, officially assumed the duties of the .jp registry.
.jp registrations are only allowed if the registrant has a physical address in Japan. Registrations are processed via accredited registrars and domain names with Japanese characters (kanji, hiragana or katakana) may be registered at the second level.
While any party with a Japanese mailing address can get a second-level domain (example.jp) there are several restricted-use second-level domains, listed below.
- ac.jp: higher level academic institutions, such as universities
- ad.jp: JPNIC members
- co.jp: most forms of incorporated companies, including foreign companies registered in Japan
- ed.jp: educational institutions for individuals under 18
- go.jp: Japanese government ministries and their endeavours
- gr.jp: groups of two or more people, or groups of registered companies
- lg.jp: local government authorities
- ne.jp: network service providers
- or.jp: registered organizations and non-profit organizations
Geographical type jp domain names
Domains listed below are reserved for the local governments in Japan:
- metro.tokyo.jp: reserved for the government of Tokyo Metropolis
- pref.(prefecturename).jp: reserved for the prefectural government
- city.(cityname).jp: reserved for cities designated by government ordinance
- city.(cityname).(prefecturename).jp: reserved for non-designated cities and, wards and cities within Tokyo
- town.(townname).(prefecturename).jp: reserved for towns
- vill.(villagename).(prefecturename).jp: reserved for villages
Internationalized top-level domains
Private companies have registered the following internationalized generic top-level domains using Japanese script:
- .みんな (minna, everyone)
- .セール (sēru, sale)
- .ファッション (fasshon, fashion)
- .ストア (sutoa, store)
- .ポイント (pointo, point)
- .クラウド (kuraudo, cloud)
- .コム (komu, com), the most used Japanese script top-level domain
Cities or regions in Japan have registered these geographic top-level domains:
- .kyoto (Kyoto)
- .nagoya (Nagoya)
- .okinawa (Okinawa)
- .osaka (Osaka)
- .ryukyu (Ryukyu, a former kingdom, often used as a traditional alias of Okinawa)
- .tokyo (Tokyo)
- .yokohama (Yokohama)
- "Registered JP Domain Names (Total Number)". Japan Registry Services. July 1, 2023. Archived from the original on July 11, 2023. Retrieved July 11, 2023.
- "IANA Report on Request for Redelegation of the .jp Top-Level Domain". IANA. Retrieved October 21, 2020.
- "A New Phase for JP Domain Name Registration and Administration". Retrieved September 18, 2020.
Since their introduction in 1989, JP domain names have been registered and managed under such rules as "one domain name per organization" and "prohibition of domain name transfer."
- JPドメイン名新規登録 / JPDirect. Jpdirect.jp. Retrieved on November 8, 2011.
- 一般地域型ドメイン名の構成 / JPDirect. Jpdirect.jp. Retrieved on November 8, 2011.
- About '.日本'
- IDN ccTLD Form of Interest | Japan
- "Resources - ICANN". Icann.org. Retrieved December 5, 2020.