.NGO and .ONG
|Introduced||May 6, 2015|
|TLD type||Generic top-level domain|
|Registry||Public Interest Registry|
|Sponsor||Public Interest Registry|
|Intended use||Non-profit organizations|
|Actual use||Non-profit organizations (Proof of non-profit status required)|
|Registered domains||3,568 (20 February 2017)|
|Structure||Registrations at second level permitted|
The domain names .ngo and .ong are generic top-level domains (gTLD) of the Domain Name System (DNS) used in the Internet, sponsored and managed by the Public Interest Registry. The backend is provided by Afilias. The .ngo domain name is an acronym which stands for "non-governmental organization", reflecting the intended usage of the domain.
In June 2011, ICANN expanded the Internet's naming system to allow applications for new top-level domain names. The Public Interest Registry declared publicly an interest in the .ngo domain in August 2011 and applied for it in May 2012. The PIR simultaneously applied for the top-level domain .ong, which is a similarly recognisable initialism for "organisation non-gouvernementale" in French, and equivalent terms in many other Romance languages such as Spanish, Portuguese, Italian and Romanian. Registrants do not purchase an .ngo or .ong domain name separately; a single registration is valid for two domain names which end in either .ngo or .ong, but are otherwise identical.
Unlike the more prevalent .org domain, which is also managed by the Public Interest Registry, .ngo will require validation of the registrant's non-governmental status. Non-governmental organizations told the Public Interest Registry they needed a closed domain that validated the legitimacy of websites accepting online donations to avoid fraud. The Public Interest Registry plans to use the funds from selling .ngo domains to develop an “NGO Community Program” to reach out to NGOs in developing nations. It also intends to create a directory service of NGOs to support their SEO and visibility, and develop a closed community for NGOs to learn from each other. The new domains have been publicly available since May 6, 2015.
- ".ngo - New gTLD". namestat. 20 February 2017. Archived from the original on 20 February 2017. Retrieved 20 February 2017.
- McCarthy, Kieren (14 November 2016). "PIR saves millions in .org rebid". The Register. Archived from the original on 20 February 2017. Retrieved 20 February 2017.
- Kanani, Rahim (10 July 2012). "NGO Domain Name in the Works for Global Nonprofit Community". Forbes. Retrieved 3 August 2012.
- Sniderman, Zachary (2 August 2011). "With New Domain Names on Market, .ORG Guns for .ngo". Mashable. Retrieved 3 August 2012.
- Cute, Brian (31 May 2012). "Ushering in the Dot-NGO Boom: Protecting the Online Interests of Non-Governmental Organizations". The Huffington Post. Retrieved 3 August 2012.
- Gruenwald, Juliana (31 May 2012). ".BANK, .GLOBAL Could be Coming to Your Browser". National Journal. Retrieved 3 August 2012.
- "New .ngo and .ong Web Domains Proposed for Nonprofits". The Chronicle of Philanthropy. 31 May 2012. Retrieved 3 August 2012.
- CREEDON, AINE (19 May 2015). "What You Should Know about the New .ong and .ngo Domains". NonProfit Quarterly. Archived from the original on 20 February 2017. Retrieved 20 February 2017.
- Thi Pham, Lieu (11 April 2012). "Charities hope .ngo domain will end scams". ZDNet. Retrieved 3 August 2012.
- Flook, Bill (7 October 2011). "Masters of your domain: Web address stampede could benefit D.C. tech firms". Washington Business Journal. Retrieved 3 August 2012.
- Petronzio, Matt (31 May 2012). "Internet Non-Profit Applies for New Domains: Meet .ngo and .ong [EXCLUSIVE]". Mashable. Retrieved 3 August 2012.
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