.ua

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
.ua
Dotua.png
IntroducedDecember 1, 1992 (1992-12-01)
TLD typeCountry code top-level domain
StatusActive
RegistryHostmaster Ltd.
Intended useEntities connected with  Ukraine
Actual usePopular in Ukraine
Registered domains549,180 (Jan 2021)[1]
Registration restrictionsMust be the owner of a trade mark registered in Ukraine for second-level domains (and may only register if the domain name is the same as the trade mark); no restrictions for third-level domains
DocumentsPolicy documents
Dispute policiesDomain dispute resolution policy
DNSSECYes
Registry websiteHostmaster

.ua is the Internet country code top-level domain (ccTLD) for Ukraine. To register at the second-level (example) domainname.ua, possession of the exact trademark (matching the domain name) is required. It is not required for third-level domains (.com.ua, .net.ua, etc.).

History[edit]

  • December 1, 1992: Registered in root zone
  • April 13, 2012: DNSSEC enabled in root zone
  • February 26, 2022: Domain servers transferred out of Kyiv for continuity reasons amid the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine[2]

Statistics[edit]

As of March 2017, around 10.78% of all the .ua domains were served via secured HTTPS protocol, with the Let's Encrypt Authority X3 being the most popular SSL certificate.[3] Nginx is the most popular web server, serving 68.97% of the .ua domains, followed by Apache serving 17.75% of the total .ua domains.[3]

Third-level domains[edit]

To remove the risk of cyber squatting, registration of second-level domains directly below .ua is restricted to owners of registered trade marks, who may register a domain name similar to that of the trade mark in question. However, third-level domains can be registered beneath some of the following:

  • .com.ua: paid, commercial organizations
  • .edu.ua: free, available only to proved educational organisations.
  • .gov.ua: free, available only to governmental organizations
  • .net.ua: paid, network service providers
  • .in.ua: paid, domains for individuals
  • .org.ua: paid, other organizations (non-commercial)

There are also second-level domains which are region-specific. These are less popular than the above list (making domain names more available) but they are sometimes restricted to organisations exclusively from within the region.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Доменна статистика .UA за підсумками 2020 року". hostmaster.ua (in Ukrainian). 2021-01-22. Retrieved 2021-02-01.
  2. ^ "Сервера домену .UA переведено до країн Європи". hostmaster.ua (in Ukrainian). 2022-02-26. Retrieved 2022-02-27.
  3. ^ a b "Статистика українського інтернету". www.ukralio.com (in Ukrainian). Archived from the original on 2017-02-17. Retrieved 2017-03-01.

External links[edit]