3D model (JSmol)
|Molar mass||384.39 g/mol|
|Appearance||White powder or crystalline powder|
|Melting point||118 to 122 °C (244 to 252 °F; 391 to 395 K)|
|Insoluble in water|
|Safety data sheet||External MSDS|
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
|what is ?)(|
1,1-Bis(diphenylphosphino)methane (dppm), is an organophosphorus compound with the formula CH2(PPh2)2. Dppm, a white, crystalline powder, is used in inorganic and organometallic chemistry as a ligand. It is more specifically a chelating ligand because it is a ligand that is attached to the central metals (the phosphorus) by bonds from two or more donor atoms.
Synthesis and reactivity
1,1-Bis(diphenylphosphino)methane was first prepared by the reaction of sodium diphenylphosphide (Ph2PNa) with dichloromethane:
- Ph3P + 2 Na → Ph2PNa + NaPh
- 2NaPPh2 + CH2Cl2 → Ph2PCH2PPh2 + 2 NaCl
The methylene group (CH2) in dppm (and especially its complexes) are mildly acidic. The ligand can be oxidized to give the corresponding oxides and sulfides CH2[P(E)Ph2]2 (E = O, S). The methylene group is even more acidic in these derivatives.
As a chelating ligand, 1,1-bis(diphenylphosphino)methane forms a four-membered ring with the constituents MP2C. The ligand promotes the formation of bimetallic complexes that feature five-membered M2P2C rings. In this way, dppm promotes the formation of bimetallic complexes. One such example is the dipalladium chloride, Pd2Cl2(dppm)2. In this complex, the oxidation state for the Pd centres are I. Bis(diphenylphosphino)methane gives rise to a family of coordination compounds known as A-frame complexes.
- Humphrey, Mark G.; Lee, Jeanne; Hockless, David C.R.; Skelton, Brian W.; White, Allan H. (1993). "Mixed-Metal Cluster Chemistry". Organometallics. 12 (3468): 3468. doi:10.1021/om00033a017.
- W. Hewertson & H. R. Watson (1962). "The preparation of di- and tri-tertiary phosphines". J. Chem. Soc. 12: 1490–1494. doi:10.1039/JR9620001490.
- Albéniz, Ana C. & Espinet, Pablo (2006). "Palladium: Inorganic & Coordination Chemistry". Encyclopedia of Inorganic Chemistry. Encyclopedia of Inorganic Chemistry. doi:10.1002/0470862106.ia178. ISBN 0-470-86078-2.
- G. Besenyei; L. Párkányia; E. Gács-Baitza; B. R. James (January 2002). "Crystallographic characterization of the palladium(I) dimers, syn-Pd2Cl2(dppmMe)2 and Pd2Cl2(dppm)2; solution conformational behavior of syn- and anti-Pd2Cl2(dppmMe)2 and their (μ-Se) adducts [dppmMe=μ-1,1-bis(diphenylphosphino)ethane, and DPPM=μ-bis(diphenylphosphino)methane]". Inorg. Chim. Acta. 327 (1): 179–187. doi:10.1016/S0020-1693(01)00682-X.