1-Nonanol

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1-Nonanol
Skeletal formula
Space-filling model
Names
Preferred IUPAC name
Nonan-1-ol
Other names
1-Nonanol
Pelargonic alcohol
Nonyl alcohol
n-Nonyl alcohol
Identifiers
3D model (Jmol)
ChEBI
ChemSpider
DrugBank
ECHA InfoCard 100.005.076
KEGG
UNII
Properties
C9H20O
Molar mass 144.26 g·mol−1
Appearance Colorless liquid
Density 0.83 g/cm3[1]
Melting point −6 °C (21 °F; 267 K)[1]
Boiling point 214 °C (417 °F; 487 K)[1]
1 g/L[1]
Hazards
NFPA 704
Flammability code 2: Must be moderately heated or exposed to relatively high ambient temperature before ignition can occur. Flash point between 38 and 93 °C (100 and 200 °F). E.g., diesel fuel Health code 1: Exposure would cause irritation but only minor residual injury. E.g., turpentine Reactivity code 0: Normally stable, even under fire exposure conditions, and is not reactive with water. E.g., liquid nitrogen Special hazards (white): no codeNFPA 704 four-colored diamond
Flash point 96 °C (205 °F; 369 K)
Lethal dose or concentration (LD, LC):
3560 mg/kg (oral, rat)[2]
4680 mg/kg (dermal, rabbit)[2]
Related compounds
Related alcohols
2-Nonanol
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Infobox references

1-Nonanol/ˈnnənɒl/ is a straight chain fatty alcohol with nine carbon atoms and the molecular formula CH3(CH2)8OH. It is a colorless to slightly yellow liquid with a citrus odor similar to citronella oil.

Nonanol occurs naturally in the orange oil. The primary use of nonanol is in the manufacture of artificial lemon oil. Various esters of nonanol, such as nonyl acetate, are used in perfumery and flavors.

Toxicity[edit]

1-Nonanol shares similar toxicological properties to those of other primary alcohols. It is poorly absorbed through the skin and is severely irritating to the eyes. Vapors can be damaging to the lungs, causing pulmonary edema in severe cases. Oral exposure results in symptoms similar to those of ethanol intoxication, and like ethanol consumption, can cause liver damage. [3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Record in the GESTIS Substance Database of the IFA
  2. ^ a b Opdyke, DL (1973). "Monographs on fragrance raw materials". Food and Cosmetics Toxicology. 11 (1): 95–115. doi:10.1016/0015-6264(73)90065-5. PMID 4716134. 
  3. ^ 1-NONANOL,HSDB, 2006