1. FC Schweinfurt 05
|Full name||1. Fussball-Club Schweinfurt 1905, Verein für Leibesübungen e.V.|
|Capacity||16,500 (860 seated)|
|League||Regionalliga Bayern (IV)|
|Website||Club home page|
1. Fussball-Club Schweinfurt 1905, Verein für Leibesübungen e.V., called 1. FC Schweinfurt 05, Schweinfurt 05, or simply FC 05, is a German association football club established in Schweinfurt (Bavaria) in 1905. It has sections for netball, fistball, field hockey, badminton, gymnastics, rugby, American football, futsal, and athletics.
The club is well-known nationally due to successful years in top and second tier football leagues from the 1930s to the 1970s. During the late 1930s, Schweinfurt's midfielders Albin Kitzinger and Andreas Kupfer formed the core of the Germany national football team and represented their country at the 1938 FIFA World Cup and within the world selection Europe XI.
The FC 05 first team, which currently competes in the tier-four Regionalliga Bayern, is organized within 1. FC Schweinfurt 1905 Fußball GmbH since 2016. The club plays its home games at the Willy-Sachs-Stadion in Schweinfurt.
- 1 History
- 2 Seasons
- 3 Honours
- 4 Players
- 5 Managers
- 6 References
- 7 External links
Early years: 1905–1931
The football club was founded on 5 May 1905 and played in the local leagues until the beginning of the First World War. At that time the home games were held at Hutrasen, the later venue of local competitor VfR 07 Schweinfurt. In 1919, Schweinfurt 05 became member of the tier-one Kreisliga Nordbayern, but relegated after its first season. The team attempted a merger with Turngemeinde Schweinfurt von 1848, which lasted from 1921 to 1923, before the two groups parted ways again and the football division became 1. Fussball-Club Schweinfurt 1905, VfL.
While the club did not reap the expected benefits from the brief union, it improved dramatically after re-establishing itself as an independent club. Membership grew significantly and a number of new sports departments were formed within the organization.
Years of excellence: 1931–1963
Schweinfurt 05 finally gained first class status again with its entry into the Bezirksliga Bayern in 1931. The club had a couple of successful seasons in the Gauliga era, winning the Gauliga Bayern in 1939 and 1942 and qualifying for the German football championship round. Schweinfurt made a semi-final appearance in the German Cup 1936, when it lost 2–3 to FC Schalke 04, the closest it ever came to winning a national title. Again in 1936, the club moved into its newly constructed stadium, the Willy-Sachs-Stadion, a donation by local industrialist and patron Willy Sachs.
At that time, FC 05 midfielders Albin Kitzinger and Andreas 'Ander' Kupfer became renowned in international football as they formed one of the best half back duos in Europe. Kitzinger and Kupfer were an essential part of the famous Germany national team who defeated Denmark 8–0 in Breslau (Poland) on 16 May 1937. One year later they competed at the 1938 FIFA World Cup and were both called up to play for the selection Europe XI in the game against England at Highbury in London.
After World War II, Schweinfurt 05 was integrated into the first tier Oberliga Süd. The club played in the Oberliga for the duration of the league's existence until the Bundesliga, Germany's new professional league, was founded in 1963. In 1950 Andreas Kupfer became the first captain of the West Germany national football team during his very final 44th appearance.
Second tier years: 1963–1976
As it did not qualify for the newly established Bundesliga in 1963, Schweinfurt 05 found itself playing in the second tier Regionalliga Süd. In 1966 the club became Southern German champion and made it to the Bundesliga advancement games, but was unable to ascend to the top tier.
With the introduction of the 2nd Bundesliga in 1974, Schweinfurt was founding member of the southern division despite only finishing 15th in the last Regionalliga year. In its first 1974/75 2nd Bundesliga season, the team earned an excellent third place and barely missed the advancement games to ascend to Bundesliga.
Yo-yo years: 1976–2012
After the 1975 season FC 05 began to falter: poor results and financial problems saw the club descend first to the Bayernliga (III) and then, for the first time in 1983, to the Landesliga Bayern-Nord (IV). Schweinfurt 05 became an elevator club ascending and descending between tiers III and IV, with just a pair of brief 2nd Bundesliga appearances in 1990–91 and in 2001–02. In the 1989–90 season the team made it into the last sixteen of the German Cup, but lost to Eintracht Braunschweig in the third round.
Disasters happened in 2004 when FC Schweinfurt 05 was forced to leave the Regionalliga Süd (III) because of financial reasons, and in 2005 when the club went bankrupt. The results in the Bayernliga (IV) were annulled and the team was relegated to the fifth tier Landesliga.
A re-structured club has since enjoyed some success, working its way back into Bayernliga (IV) in 2008. FC 05 was relegated again to the Landesliga in 2009, but returned to the Bayerliga immediately the following year. At the end of the 2011–12 season the club managed to qualify for the promotion round to the new Regionalliga Bayern (IV) and advanced to the second round. In this round the club missed out on promotion to FC Augsburg II after a 0–3 loss at home in extra time, first having drawn the away leg nil all.
Recent years: 2012–today
In the 2012–13 season the club took the championship in the northern division of the Bayernliga and thereby earned direct promotion to the tier-four Regionalliga Bayern. The team struggled against relegation all season, in the end finishing with a relegation play-off rank courtesy of a controversial final game of the season against SpVgg Bayern Hof. Schweinfurt turned a 1–3 deficit into a 4–3 win with three goals in the last four minutes of the game, and successfully defended its league place in the following relegation round.
Within the following two Regionalliga years Schweinfurt 05 again had to fight against relegation. In 2017, the team eventually finished 8th, and for the first time succeeded in winning the Bavarian Cup.
During the 2016-17 season the FC 05 first team was spun off into 1. FC Schweinfurt 1905 Fußball GmbH. By means of the reorganization, the club wants to establish more professional structures that help to pave the way back to higher leagues.
- The 1944-45 Gauliga Bayern season operated in five regional divisions. The Lower Franconia (German: Unterfranken) division was made up from four clubs: 1. FC Schweinfurt 05, VfR 07 Schweinfurt, FV 04 Würzburg, and Würzburger Kickers. It is unknown whether any of the season's games were played.
- With the introduction of the Bezirksoberligas in 1988 as the new fifth tier, below the Landesligas, all leagues below dropped one tier. With the introduction of the Regionalligas in 1994 and the 3. Liga in 2008 as the new third tier, below the 2. Bundesliga, all leagues below dropped one tier. With the establishment of the Regionalliga Bayern as the new fourth tier in Bavaria in 2012 the Bayernliga was split into a northern and a southern division, the number of Landesligas expanded from three to five and the Bezirksoberligas was abolished. All leagues from the Bezirksligas onward were elevated one tier.
|↑ Promoted||↓ Relegated|
- As of 20 August 2015
Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
Notable past players
|Karl Willnecker||1 July 1929||30 June 1930|
|Hans Teufel||1 July 1930||30 June 1933|
|Leonhard Seiderer||1 July 1933||30 June 1934|
|Fritz Bennöder||1 July 1934||30 June 1935|
|Hans Sauerwein||1 July 1936||30 June 1937|
|Albin Kitzinger||1 July 1945||30 June 1946|
|Kuno Krügel||1 July 1951||30 June 1952|
|Fritz Käser||1 July 1959||30 June 1963|
|Alfons Remlein||1 July 1960||30 June 1962|
|Gunther Baumann||1 July 1965||30 June 1966|
|Jenő Vincze||1 July 1967||30 June 1971|
|Kurt Koch||1 July 1971||30 June 1972|
|István Sztani||1 July 1974||30 June 1975|
|Peter Velhorn||1 July 1975||23 February 1976|
|Gunther Baumann||25 February 1976||30 June 1976|
|Rolf Lamprecht||1 July 1981||30 June 1986|
|Werner Lorant||1 July 1986||30 June 1990|
|Elmar Wienecke||1 July 1990||12 August 1990|
|Niko Semlitsch||13 August 1990||22 April 1991|
|Georg Baier||23 April 1991||30 June 1991|
|Franz Brungs||1 July 1991||17 November 1991|
|Erwin Albert||1 July 1992||30 June 1993|
|Djuradj Vasic||1 February 1994||14 September 2002|
|Hans-Jürgen Boysen||18 September 2002||18 November 2003|
|Rainer Hörgl||19 November 2003||30 June 2004|
|Rainer Ulrich||1 July 2004||31 December 2004|
|Rüdiger Mauder||1 July 2005||30 June 2006|
|Bernd Häcker||3 April 2006||30 June 2006|
|Wolfgang Hau||1 July 2006||16 January 2008|
|Werner Dreßel||17 January 2008||30 June 2008|
|Frank Lerch||1 July 2008||30 June 2009|
|Klaus Scheer||1 July 2009||19 September 2011|
|Udo Romeis||19 September 2011||30 June 2012|
|Gerd Klaus||1 July 2012|
- "Football Association 75th Anniversary Celebration Match: England 3 Rest of Europe 0". www.englandfootballonline.com. Retrieved 2017-06-13.
- "1. FC Schweinfurt 05: Geschichte" [1. FC Schweinfurt 05: History] (in German). www.fcschweinfurt05.de. Retrieved 2017-06-17.
- "Breslau Elf Chronicles – Tale Of A German Wunderteam". www.thehardtackle.com. Retrieved 2017-06-13.
- "Das war die Relegation 2012 auf Verbandsebene" (in German). www.fupa.net. Retrieved 2017-06-13.
- "'Skandal': Empörung nach Schweinfurts Aufholjagd" (in German). www.kicker.de. Retrieved 2017-06-13.
- "Schweinfurt 05 gewinnt den Toto-Pokal 2017" (in German). www.bfv.de. Retrieved 2017-06-12.
- "Das deutsche Fußball-Archiv" [Historical German domestic league tables] (in German). www.f-archiv.de. Retrieved 2017-06-13.
- "Fussball.de – Ergebnisse" [Tables and results of all German football leagues] (in German). www.fussball.de. Retrieved 2017-06-13.
- "1. FC Schweinfurt 05 » Trainerhistorie" (in German). www.weltfussball.de. Retrieved 2017-06-17.
- "1. FC Schweinfurt 05: Die Trainer" [1. FC Schweinfurt 05: Managers] (in German). www.mainpost.de. Retrieved 2017-06-18.