Zetta-

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Zetta is a decimal unit prefix in the metric system denoting a factor of 1021 or 1000000000000000000000. The prefix was added as an SI prefix to the International System of Units (SI) in 1991 and has the symbol Z.

Zetta is evocative of the Latin numeral septem, meaning "seven". Therefore it was used to denote the seventh power of 1000.[1]

A prefix of the same value, hepta, was informally introduced a few years before the promulgation of zetta. It was formed from the Greek ἑπτά (hepta), also meaning "seven". Hepta never received official sanction and is obsolete. Zeta (ζήτα), although the 6th letter of the modern and classical Greek alphabet, denotes a value of seven (7) when used as a numeral.

Examples:

Prefix Base 1000 Base 10 Decimal English word Adoption[nb 1]
Name Symbol Short scale Long scale
yotta Y  10008  1024 1000000000000000000000000  septillion  quadrillion 1991
zetta Z  10007  1021 1000000000000000000000  sextillion  trilliard 1991
exa E  10006  1018 1000000000000000000  quintillion  trillion 1975
peta P  10005  1015 1000000000000000  quadrillion  billiard 1975
tera T  10004  1012 1000000000000  trillion  billion 1960
giga G  10003  109 1000000000  billion  milliard 1960
mega M  10002  106 1000000  million  million 1873
kilo k  10001  103 1000  thousand  thousand 1795
hecto h  10002/3  102 100  hundred  hundred 1795
deca da  10001/3  101 10  ten  ten 1795
 10000  100 1  one  one
deci d  1000−1/3  10−1 0.1  tenth  tenth 1795
centi c  1000−2/3   10−2 0.01  hundredth  hundredth 1795
milli m  1000−1  10−3 0.001  thousandth  thousandth 1795
micro μ  1000−2  10−6 0.000001  millionth  millionth 1873
nano n  1000−3  10−9 0.000000001  billionth  milliardth 1960
pico p  1000−4  10−12 0.000000000001  trillionth  billionth 1960
femto f  1000−5  10−15 0.000000000000001  quadrillionth  billiardth 1964
atto a  1000−6  10−18 0.000000000000000001  quintillionth  trillionth 1964
zepto z  1000−7  10−21 0.000000000000000000001  sextillionth  trilliardth 1991
yocto y  1000−8  10−24  0.000000000000000000000001  septillionth  quadrillionth 1991
  1. ^ Prefixes adopted before 1960 already existed before SI. 1873 was the introduction of the CGS system.

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ "Resolution 4 of the 19th CGPM (Conférence Générale des Poids et Mesures)". BIPM (Bureau International des Poids et Mesures). Retrieved 2009-05-16. Les noms zepto et zetta évoquent le chiffre sept (septième puissance de 103) et la lettre « z » remplace la lettre « s » pour éviter le double emploi de la lettre « s » comme symbole. The names zepto and zetta are evocative of the numeral sept (seventh power of 103) and the letter 'z' is substituted for the letter 's' to avoid the duplicate use of the letter 's' as a symbol. 
  2. ^ http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/planetary/factsheet/earthfact.html
  3. ^ http://hypertextbook.com/facts/2001/SyedQadri.shtml
  4. ^ http://physics.nist.gov/cgi-bin/cuu/Value?na

External links[edit]