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|1005 by topic|
|Ab urbe condita||1758|
|Balinese saka calendar||926–927|
|English Regnal year||N/A|
|Chinese calendar||甲辰年 (Wood Dragon)|
3701 or 3641
— to —
乙巳年 (Wood Snake)
3702 or 3642
|- Vikram Samvat||1061–1062|
|- Shaka Samvat||926–927|
|- Kali Yuga||4105–4106|
|Japanese calendar||Kankō 2|
|Minguo calendar||907 before ROC|
|Seleucid era||1316/1317 AG|
|Thai solar calendar||1547–1548|
1131 or 750 or −22
— to —
1132 or 751 or −21
- Spring – The Republic of Pisa conducts a military offensive against the Saracen strongholds in Southern Italy. The Pisan fleet sacks the city of Reggio Calabria. Pisa becomes one of the four commercial Maritime Republics (the other three are Genoa, Venice and Amalfi), which fights each other for control of the Mediterranean Sea.
- High King Brian Boru makes a second expedition to the north, to take hostages from the northern kingdoms. During this campaign he visits Armagh – making an offering of 20 ounces of gold to the church and confirming to the apostolic see of Saint Patrick, ecclesiastical supremacy over the whole of Ireland.
- March 25 – King Kenneth III (the Chief) is killed in the battle of Monzievaird in Strathearn. He is succeeded by his cousin Malcolm II (the Destroyer) (son of the late King Kenneth II) as ruler of Scotland.
- Summer – Danish Viking raiders under Sweyn I (Forkbeard) continue to ravage the cities (mostly poor defended) in Southern England. A famine strikes Sweyn's army, which has to live off the land.
- November 16 – Ælfric of Abingdon, archbishop of Canterbury, leaves ships to the people of Wiltshire and Kent in his will. Leaving the best one, equipped for 60 men, to King Æthelred the Unready.
- January 13–18– The Shanyuan Treaty is negotiated between the Liao Dynasty and the Song Dynasty. The Song government agrees to pay an annual tribute of 200,000 bolts of raw silk and 100,000 taels of silver. Ending the northern border clashes against Liao.
- Lê Trung Tông succeeds his father Lê Hoàn as emperor of the Early Lê Dynasty (modern Vietnam), preceding anarchy and 8 months succession war with other princes. Lê Ngoạ Triều succeeds his brother Lê Trung Tông, killing him after just a 3-days reign.
- The Shūi Wakashū ("Collection of Gleanings") is compiled by Emperor Kazan of Japan (approximate date).
- June 20 – Ali az-Zahir, Fatimid caliph of Egypt (d. 1036)
- September 26 – Fujiwara no Nagaie, Japanese nobleman (d. 1064)
- A Nong, Chinese shaman and matriarch (approximate date)
- Berenguer Ramon I, Spanish nobleman (d. 1035)
- Bertha of Blois, duchess consort of Brittany (approximate date)
- Eilika of Schweinfurt, German noblewoman (approximate date)
- Frederick II, German nobleman and overlord (d. 1075)
- Llywelyn Aurdorchog, Welsh nobleman (approximate date)
- Macbeth (the Red King), king of Scotland (approximate date)
- Mahmud al-Kashgari, Turkish lexicographer (d. 1102)
- March 25 – Kenneth III (the Chief), king of Scotland
- October 31 – Abe no Seimei, Japanese astrologer (b. 921)
- November 16 – Ælfric of Abingdon, archbishop of Canterbury
- December 14 – Adalbero II, bishop of Verdun and Metz
- December 27 – Nilus the Younger, Byzantine abbot (b. 910)
- Abu Hilal al-Askari, Muslim scholar and writer (b. 920)
- Cynan ap Hywel, prince of Gwynedd (approximate date)
- Lê Hoàn, emperor of the Early Lê Dynasty (b. 941)
- Lê Trung Tông, emperor of the Early Lê Dynasty (b. 983)
- Isma'il Muntasir (Victorious), ruler of the Samanids
- Mael Ruanaidh Ua Dubhda, king of Connacht
- Ma Yize, Muslim astronomer of the Song Dynasty
- Ragnall mac Gofraid, king of the Isles (or 1004)
- Sigmundur Brestisson, Viking chieftain (b. 961)
- Yves de Bellême, Norman nobleman (approximate date)
- Benvenuti, Gino (1985). Le Repubbliche Marinare. Amalfi, Pisa, Genova e Venezia. Rome: Newton & Compton Editori. p. 41. ISBN 88-8289-529-7.
- Moody, TW; Martin, FX, eds. (1967). The Course of Irish History. Cork, Ireland: The Mercier Press. p. 113.
- Palmer, Alan; Palmer, Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 47–48. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2.