100 metres freestyle

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The switch to mid-race in a 100 m freestyle.

The 100 metres freestyle is often considered to be the highlight (blue riband event)[1] of the sport of swimming, like 100 metres in the sport of Athletics.

The first swimmer to break the one-minute barrier (long course) was Johnny Weissmuller, in 1922.[citation needed] The current world records holders are César Cielo (since 2009) and Sarah Sjöström (since 2017).

Australian Dawn Fraser won the event a record three times at the Olympics, and she is the only woman to win it more than once. Four men, American Duke Kahanamoku, Weissmuller, Russian Alexander Popov, and Dutchman Pieter van den Hoogenband won the event at the Olympics twice. Popov was also world champion (held since 1973) three times.

Men's champions[edit]

Olympic Games[edit]

Edition Winner Time Notes
Greece Athens 1896  Alfréd Hajós (HUN) 1:22.2
France Paris 1900 not held
United States St. Louis 1904 the race was 100 yards, not 100 meters
United Kingdom London 1908  Charles Daniels (USA) 1:05.6 World record
Sweden Stockholm 1912  Duke Kahanamoku (USA) 1:03.4
Belgium Antwerp 1920  Duke Kahanamoku (USA) 1:01.4 World record
France Paris 1924  Johnny Weissmuller (USA) 59.0 Olympic record
Netherlands Amsterdam 1928  Johnny Weissmuller (USA) 58.6 Olympic record
United States Los Angeles 1932  Yasuji Miyazaki (JPN) 58.2 [2]
Nazi Germany Berlin 1936  Ferenc Csik (HUN) 57.6 [2]
United Kingdom London 1948  Wally Ris (USA) 57.3 Olympic record
Finland Helsinki 1952  Clarke Scholes (USA) 57.4 [2]
Australia Melbourne 1956  Jon Henricks (AUS) 55.4 World record
Italy Rome 1960  John Devitt (AUS) 55.2 Olympic record
Japan Tokyo 1964  Don Schollander (USA) 53.4 Olympic record
Mexico Mexico City 1968  Mike Wenden (AUS) 52.2 World record
West Germany Munich 1972  Mark Spitz (USA) 51.22 World record
Canada Montreal 1976  Jim Montgomery (USA) 49.99 World record
Soviet Union Moskow 1980  Jörg Woithe (GDR) 50.40
United States Los Angeles 1984  Rowdy Gaines (USA) 49.80 Olympic record
South Korea Seoul 1988  Matt Biondi (USA) 48.63 Olympic record
Spain Barcelona 1992  Alexander Popov (EUN) 49.02
United States Atlanta 1996  Alexander Popov (RUS) 48.74
Australia Sydney 2000  Pieter van den Hoogenband (NED) 48.30 [2]
Greece Athens 2004  Pieter van den Hoogenband (NED) 48.17
China Beijing 2008  Alain Bernard (FRA) 47.21 [2]
United Kingdom London 2012  Nathan Adrian (USA) 47.52
Brazil Rio de Janeiro 2016  Kyle Chalmers (AUS) 47.58

World Championships[edit]

Edition Winner Time Notes
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Belgrade 1973  Jim Montgomery (USA) 51.70 [3]
Colombia Cali 1975  Andy Coan (USA) 51.25 Championship record
West Germany Berlin 1978  David McCagg (USA) 50.24 Championship record
Ecuador Guayaquil 1982  Jörg Woithe (GDR) 50.18 Championship record
Spain Madrid 1986  Matt Biondi (USA) 48.94 Championship record
Australia Perth 1991  Matt Biondi (USA) 49.18
Italy Roma 1994  Alexander Popov (RUS) 49.12
Australia Perth 1998  Alexander Popov (RUS) 48.93 Championship record
Japan Fukuoka 2001  Anthony Ervin (USA) 48.33 Championship record
Spain Barcelona 2003  Alexander Popov (RUS) 48.42
Canada Montreal 2005  Filippo Magnini (ITA) 48.12 Championship record
Australia Melbourne 2007  Filippo Magnini (ITA)
 Brent Hayden (CAN)
48.43
Italy Rome 2009  César Cielo (BRA) 46.91 World record
China Shanghai 2011  James Magnussen (AUS) 47.63
Spain Barcelona 2013  James Magnussen (AUS) 47.71
Russia Kazan 2015  Ning Zetao (CHN) 47.84
Hungary Budapest 2017  Caeleb Dressel (USA) 47.17
South Korea Gwanju 2019  Caeleb Dressel (USA) 46.96

Women's champions[edit]

Olympic Games[edit]

Edition Winner Time Notes
Sweden Stockholm 1912  Fanny Durack (AUS) 1:22.2
Belgium Antwerp 1920  Ethelda Bleibtrey (USA) 1:13.6 World record
France Paris 1924  Ethel Lackie (USA) 1:12.4
Netherlands Amsterdam 1928  Albina Osipowich (USA) 1:11.0 Olympic record
United States Los Angeles 1932  Helene Madison (USA) 1:06.8 Olympic record
Nazi Germany Berlin 1936  Rie Mastenbroek (NED) 1:05.9 Olympic record
United Kingdom London 1948  Greta Andersen (DEN) 1:06.3
Finland Helsinki 1952  Katalin Szöke (HUN) 1:06.8
Australia Melbourne 1956  Dawn Fraser (AUS) 1:02.0 World record
Italy Rome 1960  Dawn Fraser (AUS) 1:01.2 Olympic record
Japan Tokyo 1964  Dawn Fraser (AUS) 59.5 Olympic record
Mexico Mexico City 1968  Jan Henne (USA) 1:00.0
West Germany Munich 1972  Sandra Neilson (USA) 58.59 Olympic record
Canada Montreal 1976  Kornelia Ender (GDR) 55.65 World record
Soviet Union Moskow 1980  Barbara Krause (GDR) 54.79 World record
United States Los Angeles 1984  Nancy Hogshead (USA)  Carrie Steinseifer (USA) 55.92
South Korea Seoul 1988  Kristin Otto (GDR) 54.93
Spain Barcelona 1992  Zhuang Yong (CHN) 54.65 Olympic record
United States Atlanta 1996  Le Jingyi (CHN) 54.50
Australia Sydney 2000  Inge de Bruijn (NED) 53.83
Greece Athens 2004  Jodie Henry (AUS) 53.84
China Beijing 2008  Britta Steffen (GER) 53.12 Olympic record
United Kingdom London 2012  Ranomi Kromowidjojo (NED) 53.00 Olympic record
Brazil Rio de Janeiro 2016  Simone Manuel (USA)  Penny Oleksiak (CAN) 52.70

World Championships[edit]

Edition Winner Time Notes
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Belgrade 1973  Kornelia Ender (GDR) 57.54 World record
Colombia Cali 1975  Kornelia Ender (GDR) 56.50 Championship record
West Germany Berlin 1978  Barbara Krause (GDR) 55.68 Championship record
Ecuador Guayaquil 1982  Birgit Meineke (GDR) 55.79
Spain Madrid 1986  Kristin Otto (GDR) 55.05 Championship record
Australia Perth 1991  Nicole Haislett (USA) 55.17
Italy Roma 1994  Le Jingyi (CHN) 54.01 World record
Australia Perth 1998  Jenny Thompson (USA) 54.95
Japan Fukuoka 2001  Inge de Bruijn (NED) 54.18
Spain Barcelona 2003  Hanna-Maria Seppälä (FIN) 54.37
Canada Montreal 2005  Jodie Henry (AUS) 54.18
Australia Melbourne 2007  Libby Lenton (AUS) 53.40 Championship record
Italy Rome 2009  Britta Steffen (GER) 52.07 World record
China Shanghai 2011  Aliaksandra Herasimenia (BLR) 53.45
 Jeanette Ottesen (DEN)
Spain Barcelona 2013  Cate Campbell (AUS) 52.34
Russia Kazan 2015  Bronte Campbell (AUS) 52.52
Hungary Budapest 2017  Simone Manuel (USA) 52.27
South Korea Gwanju 2019  Simone Manuel (USA) 52.04

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Balym, Todd (April 7, 2015). "James Magnussen fuming after finishing second to Cameron McEvoy in 100m freestyle event". The Courier-Mail. Retrieved August 2, 2016.
  2. ^ a b c d e The Olympic Record was broken in the previous round.
  3. ^ The Championship's Record was broken in the previous round.

External links[edit]