100 metres hurdles

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Athletics
100 metres hurdles
JO Atlanta 1996 - Stade.jpg
A 100 m hurdles race at Atlanta 1996.
Women's records
World United States Kendra Harrison 12.20 (2016)
Olympic Australia Sally Pearson 12.35 (2012)
Athletics Women's 100m hurdles Final - 27th Summer Universiade 2013 - Kazan (RUS)

The 100 metres hurdles, or 100-meter hurdles, is a track and field event run mainly by women (the male counterpart is the 110 metres hurdles). For the race, ten hurdles of a height of 83.8 centimetres (33.0 in) are placed along a straight course of 100 metres (109.36 yd). The first hurdle is placed after a run-up of 13 metres from the starting line. The next 9 hurdles are set at a distance of 8.5 metres from each other, and the home stretch from the last hurdle to the finish line is 10.5 metres long. The hurdles are set up so that they will fall over if bumped into by the runner, but weighted so this is disadvantageous. Fallen hurdles do not count against runners provided that they do not run into them on purpose. Like the 100 metres sprint, the 100 m hurdles begins with athletes in starting blocks.

The fastest 100 m hurdlers run the distance in a time of around 12.5 seconds. The world record set by Kendra Harrison stands at 12.20 seconds.

History[edit]

Cornelia Oschkenat (nearest camera), Heike Theele and Kerstin Knabe (1986)

The Olympic Games had included the 80 m hurdles in the program from 1932 to 1968. Starting with the 1972 Summer Olympics the women's race was lengthened to 100 m hurdles.

The hurdles sprint race has been run by women since the beginning of women's athletics, just after the end of World War I. The distances and hurdle heights varied widely in the beginning. While the men had zeroed in on the 110 m hurdles, the International Women's Sport Federation had registered records for eight different disciplines by 1926 (60 yards/75 cm height, 60 yards/61 cm, 65 yards/75 cm, 83 yards/75 cm, 100 yards/75 cm, 100 yards/61 cm, 120 yards/75 cm, 110 metres/75 cm). At the first Women's World Games in 1922 a 100 m hurdles race was run.

From 1926 until 1968 on only the 80 m distance was run. For the 80 m race women had to clear eight hurdles placed at a distance of 8 metres from each other and a height of 76.2 cm.

Just like with the men's races, until 1935 no more than three hurdles could be knocked over (or the runner was disqualified) and records were only officially registered if the runner had cleared all her hurdles clean. In 1935, this rule was abandoned, and L-shaped hurdles were introduced that fell over forward easily and greatly reduced the risk of injury to the runner. Hurdles are weighted, so when properly set for the height (for women, closer to the fulcrum of the "L"), they serve as a consistent disadvantage to making contact with the barrier.

Comparison of 80 m and 100 m hurdles
Distance Number
of hurdles
Height Distance made up of
Runup Intervals Home stretch
80 m 8 76.2 cm 12 m 8.0 m 12.0 m
100 m 10 83.8 cm 13 m 8.5 m 10.5 m

The 80 m hurdles was on the list of women's sports demanded by the International Women's Sport Federation for the Olympic Summer Games in 1928, but wasn't included as an Olympic discipline until 1932. Starting with 1949 the 80 m hurdles was one of the disciplines included in the women's pentathlon.

During the 1960s some experimental races were run over a distance of 100 metres using hurdles with a height of 76.2 cm. During the 1968 Summer Olympics a decision was made to introduce the 100 m hurdles using hurdles with a height of 84 cm and the first international event in the 100 m hurdles occurred at the European Athletics Championships, which were won by Karin Balzer, GDR. The modern 100 m race has an extra 2 hurdles compared to the 80 m race, which are higher and spaced slightly further apart. The home stretch is shorter by 1.5 m.

Masters athletics[edit]

A version of the 100 metres hurdles is also used for 50- to 59-year-old men in Masters athletics. They run the same spacing as women, which coordinates with existing markings on most tracks, but run over 36-inch (0.915 m) hurdles. In the 60-69 age range, the spacings are changed. Women over age 40, men over age 70 run 80 metre versions with different heights and spacings.[1][2]

Milestones[edit]

100 m hurdles:

  • First official time registered with hurdles of reduced height (76.2 cm): Pamela Kilborn, AUS, November 26, 1961
  • First official time with hurdles of standard height (83.8 cm): 15.1 seconds, Connie Pettersson, USA, May 28, 1966
  • First official world record: 13.3 seconds, Karin Balzer, GDR, June 20, 1969
  • First runner under 13 seconds: 12.9 seconds, Karin Balzer, GDR, September 5, 1969
  • First runner under 12.5 seconds:
  • First runner under 12.3 seconds: 12.29 seconds, Yordanka Donkova BUL, August 17, 1986
  • First country to win gold, silver, and bronze in the women's 100 m hurdles in one Olympics: America (Brianna Rollins, Nia Ali and Kristi Castlin), 2016; this was also the first time American women achieved such a sweep in any Olympic event[3]

Top 25 athletes[edit]

Standings as of July 2016 (wind speed, in meters per second, shown in parentheses):

Pos. Time Athlete Country Date Venue Ref
1 12.20 (+0.3) Kendra Harrison  United States 22 July 2016 London [4]
2 12.21 (+0.7) Yordanka Donkova  Bulgaria 20 August 1988 Stara Zagora
3 12.25 (+1.4) Ginka Zagorcheva  Bulgaria 8 August 1987 Drama
4 12.26 (+1.7) Ludmila Narozhilenko  Russia 6 June 1992 Seville
12.26 (+1.2) Brianna Rollins  United States 22 June 2013 Des Moines [5]
6 12.28 (+1.1) Sally Pearson  Australia 3 September 2011 Daegu [6]
7 12.33 (−0.3) Gail Devers  United States 23 July 2000 Sacramento
8 12.34 (+1.9) Sharika Nelvis  United States 26 June 2015 Eugene [7]
9 12.35 (+0.9) Jasmin Stowers  United States 15 May 2015 Doha [8]
10 12.36 (+1.9) Grażyna Rabsztyn  Poland 13 June 1980 Warsaw
11 12.37 (+1.5) Joanna Hayes  United States 24 August 2004 Athens
12.37 (-0.2) Dawn Harper  United States 7 August 2012 London
13 12.39 (+1.5) Vera Komisova  Soviet Union 5 August 1980 Rome
12.39 (+1.8) Nataliya Grygoryeva  Soviet Union 11 July 1991 Kiev
15 12.42 (+1.8) Bettine Jahn  East Germany 8 June 1983 Berlin
12.42 (+2.0) Anjanette Kirkland  United States 11 August 2001 Edmonton
17 12.43 (-0.9) Lucyna Kalek  Poland 19 August 1984 Hannover
12.43 (-0.3) Michelle Perry  United States 26 June 2005 Carson
12.43 (+0.6) 11 July 2006 Lausanne
12.43 (+0.2) Lolo Jones  United States 18 August 2008 Beijing
12.43 (+1.2) Queen Harrison  United States 22 June 2013 Des Moines [5]
21 12.44 (-0.5) Gloria Siebert  East Germany 4 September 1987 Rome
12.44 (-0.8) Olga Shishigina  Kazakhstan 27 June 1995 Lucerne
12.44 (+0.4) Glory Alozie  Nigeria 8 August 1998 Monaco
12.44 (0.0) 28 August 1998 Brussels
12.44 (+0.7) 28 August 1999 Seville
12.44 (+0.6) Damu Cherry  United States 7 July 2006 Lausanne
25 12.45 (+1.3) Cornelia Oschkenat  East Germany 11 June 1987 Neubrandenburg
12.45 (+1.4) Brigitte Foster-Hylton  Jamaica 24 May 2003 Eugene
12.45 (+1.5) Olena Krasovska  Ukraine 24 August 2004 Athens
12.45 (+1.4) Virginia Crawford  United States 2 June 2007 New York City

Notes[edit]

Below is a list of all other legal times inside 12.35.

Assisted marks[edit]

Any performance with a following wind of more than 2.0 metres per second does not count for record purposes. Below is a list of all wind-assisted times equal or superior to 12.37.

  • Cornelia Oschkenat (GDR) ran 12.28 sec (+2.7) in Berlin, August 25, 1987.
  • Yordanka Donkova (BUL) ran 12.29 sec (+3.5) in Lausanne, June 24, 1988.
  • Gail Devers (USA) ran 12.29 sec (+2.7) in Eugene, May 26, 2002.
  • Lolo Jones (USA) ran 12.29 sec (+3.8) in Eugene, July 6, 2008.
  • Brianna Rollins ran 12.30 (+2.8) on June 22, and 12.33 (+2.3) on June 21, in Des Moines in 2013.
  • Bettine Jahn (GDR) ran 12.35 sec (+2.4) in Helsinki (World Championship final), August 13, 1983
  • Kellie Wells (USA) ran 12.35 sec (+3.7) in Gainseville, April 16, 2011. Legal best is 12.48 sec in London Olympic final, August 7, 2012.
  • Dawn Harper (USA) ran 12.36 sec (+2.2) in Eugene, Oregon, June 28, 2009.
  • Gloria Siebert (GDR) ran 12.37 sec (+2.7) in Berlin, August 25, 1987.
  • Danielle Carruthers (USA) ran 12.37 sec (+3.4) in Eugene, Oregon, June 26, 2011. Legal best 12.47 sec in 2011.

Most successful athletes[edit]

Note: Narozhilenko-Engquist and Pearson are the only 100 metres hurdlers to have become both Olympic Champion and World Champion.

Olympic medalists[edit]

Games Gold Silver Bronze
1972 Munich
details
 Annelie Ehrhardt (GDR)  Valeria Bufanu (ROU)  Karin Balzer (GDR)
1976 Montreal
details
 Johanna Schaller-Klier (GDR)  Tatyana Anisimova (URS)  Natalya Lebedeva (URS)
1980 Moscow
details
 Vera Komisova (URS)  Johanna Schaller-Klier (GDR)  Lucyna Langer (POL)
1984 Los Angeles
details
 Benita Fitzgerald (USA)  Shirley Strong (GBR)  Michèle Chardonnet (FRA)
 Kim Turner (USA)
1988 Seoul
details
 Yordanka Donkova (BUL)  Gloria Siebert (GDR)  Claudia Zackiewicz (FRG)
1992 Barcelona
details
 Voula Patoulidou (GRE)  LaVonna Martin (USA)  Yordanka Donkova (BUL)
1996 Atlanta
details
 Ludmila Engquist (SWE)  Brigita Bukovec (SLO)  Patricia Girard (FRA)
2000 Sydney
details
 Olga Shishigina (KAZ)  Glory Alozie (NGR)  Melissa Morrison (USA)
2004 Athens
details
 Joanna Hayes (USA)  Olena Krasovska (UKR)  Melissa Morrison (USA)
2008 Beijing
details
 Dawn Harper (USA)  Sally McLellan (AUS)  Priscilla Lopes-Schliep (CAN)
2012 London
details
 Sally Pearson (AUS)  Dawn Harper (USA)  Kellie Wells (USA)
2016 Rio de Janeiro
details
 Brianna Rollins (USA)  Nia Ali (USA)  Kristi Castlin (USA)

World championships medalists[edit]

Games Gold Silver Bronze
Helsinki 1983  Bettine Jahn (GDR)  Kerstin Knabe (GDR)  Ginka Zagorcheva (BUL)
Rome 1987  Ginka Zagorcheva (BUL)  Gloria Uibel (GDR)  Cornelia Oschkenat (GDR)
Tokyo 1991  Ludmila Narozhilenko (URS)  Gail Devers (USA)  Nataliya Grygoryeva (URS)
Stuttgart 1993  Gail Devers (USA)  Marina Azyabina (RUS)  Lynda Tolbert-Goode (USA)
Gothenburg 1995  Gail Devers (USA)  Olga Shishigina (KAZ)  Yuliya Graudyn (RUS)
Athens 1997  Ludmila Engquist (SWE)  Svetla Dimitrova (BUL)  Michelle Freeman (JAM)
Seville 1999  Gail Devers (USA)  Glory Alozie (NGR)  Ludmila Engquist (SWE)
Edmonton 2001  Anjanette Kirkland (USA)  Gail Devers (USA)  Olga Shishigina (KAZ)
Paris 2003  Perdita Felicien (CAN)  Brigitte Foster-Hylton (JAM)  Miesha McKelvy (USA)
Helsinki 2005  Michelle Perry (USA)  Delloreen Ennis-London (JAM)  Brigitte Foster-Hylton (JAM)
Osaka 2007  Michelle Perry (USA)  Perdita Felicien (CAN)  Delloreen Ennis-London (JAM)
Berlin 2009  Brigitte Foster-Hylton (JAM)  Priscilla Lopes-Schliep (CAN)  Delloreen Ennis-London (JAM)
Daegu 2011  Sally Pearson (AUS)  Danielle Carruthers (USA)  Dawn Harper (USA)
Moscow 2013  Brianna Rollins (USA)  Sally Pearson (AUS)  Tiffany Porter (GBR)
Beijing 2015  Danielle Williams (JAM)  Cindy Roleder (GER)  Alina Talay (BLR)

Season's bests[edit]

Year Time Athlete Place
1970 12.93  Chi Cheng (ROC) Munich
1971 12.60  Karin Balzer (GDR) East Berlin
1972 12.59  Anneliese Ehrhardt (GDR) Munich
1973 12.68  Anneliese Ehrhardt (GDR) Dresden
1974 12.66  Anneliese Ehrhardt (GDR) Rome
1975 12.91  Bożena Świerczyńska (POL) Zielona Góra
1976 12.69  Grazyna Rabsztyn (POL) Bydgoszcz
1977 12.87  Lyubov Kononova (URS) Düsseldorf
1978 12.48  Grazyna Rabsztyn (POL) Fürth
1979 12.48  Grazyna Rabsztyn (POL) Warsaw
1980 12.36  Grazyna Rabsztyn (POL) Warsaw
1981 12.68  Tatyana Anisimova (URS) Tbilisi
1982 12.44  Yordanka Donkova (BUL) Sofia
1983 12.42  Bettine Jahn (GDR) Berlin
1984 12.43  Lucyna Kalek (POL) Hannover
1985 12.42  Ginka Zagorcheva (BUL) Sofia
1986 12.26  Yordanka Donkova (BUL) Ljubljana
1987 12.25  Ginka Zagorcheva (BUL) Dráma
1988 12.21  Yordanka Donkova (BUL) Stara Zagora
1989 12.60  Cornelia Oschkenat (GDR) Barcelona
1990 12.53  Nataliya Grygoryeva (URS) Kiev
1991 12.28  Ludmila Narozhilenko (URS) Kiev
1992 12.26  Ludmila Narozhilenko (RUS) Seville
1993 12.46  Gail Devers (USA) Stuttgart
1994 12.53  Tatyana Reshetnykova (RUS)
 Svetla Dimitrova (BUL)
Linz
Stara Zagora
1995 12.44  Olga Shishigina (KAZ) Lucerne
1996 12.47  Ludmila Engquist (SWE) Atlanta
1997 12.50  Ludmila Engquist (SWE) Athens
1998 12.44  Glory Alozie (NGR) Monaco
1999 12.37  Gail Devers (USA) Seville
2000 12.33  Gail Devers (USA) Sacramento
2001 12.42  Anjanette Kirkland (USA) Edmonton
2002 12.40  Gail Devers (USA) Lausanne
2003 12.45  Brigitte Foster-Hylton (JAM)
 Gail Devers (USA)
Eugene
Monaco
2004 12.37  Joanna Hayes (USA) Athens
2005 12.43  Michelle Perry (USA) Carson
2006 12.43  Michelle Perry (USA) Lausanne
2007 12.44  Michelle Perry (USA) Rome
2008 12.43  Lolo Jones (USA) Beijing
2009 12.46  Brigitte Foster-Hylton (JAM) Zürich
2010 12.52  Priscilla Lopes-Schliep (CAN) London
2011 12.28  Sally Pearson (AUS) Daegu
2012 12.35  Sally Pearson (AUS) London
2013 12.26  Brianna Rollins (USA) Des Moines
2014 12.44  Dawn Harper-Nelson (USA) Paris
2015 12.34  Sharika Nelvis (USA) Eugene
2016 12.20  Kendra Harrison (USA) London

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Notes et references[edit]

  1. ^ "Hurdles 101". 
  2. ^ http://www.world-masters-athletics.org/files/laws_rules/Appendix-A-K.pdf
  3. ^ "Rio Olympics 2016: US women sweep medals in 100m hurdles - BBC News". Bbc.com. 2016. Retrieved 19 August 2016. 
  4. ^ "100m Hurdles Results" (PDF). sportresult.com. 22 July 2016. Retrieved 22 July 2016. 
  5. ^ a b Kirby Lee (23 June 2013). "National records for Rollins, Carter and Bingson at US Championships". IAAF. Retrieved 24 June 2013. 
  6. ^ "100 Metres Hurdles Results" (PDF). IAAF. 3 September 2011. Retrieved 3 September 2011. 
  7. ^ "100m Hurdles Heat 3 Results". 26 June 2015. Retrieved 27 June 2015. 
  8. ^ "100m Hurdles Results". IAAF. 15 May 2015. Retrieved 31 August 2015. 
  • Much of the content of this article comes from the equivalent German-language Wikipedia article (retrieved February 13, 2006).
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