1010s in England
(Redirected from 1019 in England)Jump to navigation Jump to search
|990s | 1000s | 1010s | 1020s | 1030s|
Events from the 1010s in England.
- Late 1011 or early 1012 (?) – Battle of Nýjamóđa ("Newmouth") near Orford, Suffolk, fought between English and Danes.
- Heregeld tax is introduced to pay Anglo-Scandinavian mercenaries to fight the Danes.
- April – King Æthelred the Unready pays £48,000 Danegeld.
- 19 April – Danes kill Ælfheah of Canterbury, probably at Greenwich, before leaving the country.
- 3 February – Sweyn dies at Gainsborough, Lincolnshire, and his son Cnut is proclaimed King of England by the Vikings.
- March – Æthelred returns to reclaim his throne at the invitation of English nobles.
- April – Cnut returns to Denmark to enforce his rule there.
- Possible date – Olaf II Haraldsson of Norway perhaps attacks London in support of Æthelred.
- Wulfstan II, Archbishop of York preaches his Latin homily Sermo Lupi ad Anglos ("Wulf's Address to the English"), describing the Danes as "God's judgement on England".
- Sigeferth and Morcar, chief thegns of the Five Boroughs of the Danelaw, come to an assembly in Oxford where they are murdered by Eadric Streona. Æthelred orders that Sigeferth's widow, probably named Ealdgyth, be seized and brought to Malmesbury Abbey, but Æthelred's son, Edmund Ironside, seizes and marries her by mid-August.
- August – Cnut launches an invasion of England.
- 23 April – King Æthelred dies, and is succeeded by his son Edmund Ironside.
- May – Battle of Brentford: King Edmund defeats Cnut, who then besieges London.
- 18 October – Battle of Ashingdon: Cnut defeats King Edmund, leaving the latter as king of Wessex only.
- 30 November – King Edmund dies and Cnut takes control of the whole country.
- c. July – Cnut marries Æthelred's widow Emma of Normandy.
- Cnut divides England into the four Earldoms of Wessex, Mercia, East Anglia, and Northumbria controlled by himself, Eadric Streona, Thorkell the Tall, and Eric Haakonsson respectively.
- Christmas – Cnut has Eadric killed and Leofric becomes Earl of Mercia.
- Exeter monastery restored by Cnut.
- Ælfric of Eynsham, abbot (born c. 955)
- 19 April – Archbishop Ælfheah of Canterbury (born 954)
- December – Eadric Streona, ealdorman
- Palmer, Alan Warwick; Palmer, Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 48–49. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2.
- Williams, Hywel (2005). Cassell's Chronology of World History. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. pp. 105–106. ISBN 0-304-35730-8.
- "Athelred (II The Unready, King of the English 978-1013, 1014-1016)". Retrieved 2008-01-04.
- Snorri Sturluson (c. 1230), Heimskringla. Although attested in Skaldic poetry, there is no reference to this event in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle. See: Hagland, Jan Ragnar; Watson, Bruce (Spring 2005). "Fact or folklore: the Viking attack on London Bridge" (PDF). London Archaeologist. 12: 328–33.
- Lavelle, Ryan (2008). Aethelred II: King of the English. Stroud: The History Press. pp. 169–172.