101st Field Artillery Regiment

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101st Field Artillery
101st Field Artillery Coat of arms
Active1636–present (382 years)
CountryKingdom of England England (1636-1707)
Kingdom of Great Britain Great Britain (1707-1776)
 United States (1776-Present)
BranchMassachusetts Army National Guard
Garrison/HQBrockton, Massachusetts
Nickname(s)Boston Light Artillery (special designation)[1]
Motto(s)Vincere est Vivere (To Conquer is to Live)
EquipmentM777A2 155mm Howitzer (Charlie)

M119A3 105mm Howitzer (Alpha, Bravo)

Q36 / Q37 Target Acquisition Radar
EngagementsColonial Wars

Pequot War
King Philip's War
King William's War
Queen Anne's War
King George's War
French and Indian War
American Wars
American Revolutionary War

War of 1812
American Civil War

War with Spain

World War I

World War II

Korean War
Afghanistan Campaign

Iraq Campaign
DecorationsMeritorious Unit Commendation (OEF Afghanistan)
Superior Unit Award (IFOR Service)
John Winthrop
Myles Standish (Plymouth Company Commander)
Distinctive unit insignia
101st Field Artillery Regiment Distinctive Unit Insignia.png
86th BCT, 10th MTN Div shoulder sleeve insignia worn by 1-101st FA
Shoulder sleeve insignia of the 10th Mountain Division (1944-2015).svg
U.S. Field Artillery Regiments
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The 101st Field Artillery ("Boston Light Artillery"[1]) regiment is the oldest field artillery regiment in the United States Army with a lineage dating to 13 December 1636 when it was organized as the South Regiment. It is one of several National Guard units with colonial roots and campaign credit for the War of 1812. For the first 250 years of the unit's existence it served in infantry formations.[2]


101st Field Artillery Regiment was first formed on 13 December 1636 as the South Regiment by the Massachusetts General Court. Its first commander was Colonel John Winthrop. Since its creation, the regiment has served in six colonial wars and nine American wars totalling 47 campaigns through 2010.[3]

In addition to its own lineage, the 101st Field Artillery Regiment holds the lineage of the 180th Field Artillery Regiment, the 211th Field Artillery Regiment, the 241st Field Artillery Regiment and the 272nd Field Artillery Battalion. Battery C, 1st Battalion 101st Field Artillery holds the lineage of the 102nd Field Artillery and the Second Corps of Cadets.

Recent and current organization[edit]

The regiment currently consists of the Headquarters and Headquarters Battery, 1st Battalion, 101st Field Artillery Regiment based in Brockton, Massachusetts and an inactive Battery E, 101st Field Artillery, formerly based in Rehoboth, Massachusetts. Both units are in the Massachusetts National Guard.

Battery A, 1st Battalion, 101st Field Artillery is based in Fall River, Massachusetts. Battery B is based in Waterbury, Vermont and is part of the Vermont National Guard. Battery C, 1st Battalion 101st Field Artillery, re-activated in 2016, is based in Danvers, Massachusetts.

As part of ongoing reorganizations, the 1st Battalion, 101st Field Artillery has been part of the 26th Infantry Division Artillery (1975-1993), the 42nd Infantry Division Artillery (1993-2003), the 29th Infantry Division Artillery (2003- 2006?) and the 26th Infantry Brigade Combat Team (2006? - 2009?). Since 2009(?), the battalion has been assigned to the 86th Infantry BCT, and in 2016 the 86th Infantry BCT was reorganized under the 10th Mountain Division as part of the Army's Associated Units Program.[4]

Battery E, 101st FA served as a target acquisition battery in the 26th Infantry Division Artillery, the 42nd Infantry Division Artillery, and the 197th Field Artillery Brigade. Battery E inactivated in (??) as part of force reductions.

Notable non-combat actions[edit]

86th Infantry Brigade Combat Team (IBCT) visit the town and police department of Shakadara, Afghanistan. Members of the 86th IBCT regularly provide mentoring and training to police departments in outlying areas of Kabul

Notable members[edit]

  • Colonel John Winthrop – First commander, South Regiment
  • Captain John Underhill – First full-time training officer, Commander Boston Company
  • Captain Myles Standish – First commander Plymouth Company (211th FA Lineage)
  • Colonel Robert Cowden – Regimental commander who organized the unit as a three-year volunteer regiment for the Civil War.
  • Corporal Nathaniel M. Allen – Was awarded the Medal of Honor for saving the regimental colors from capture during the Battle of Gettysburg.
  • Major Asa M. Cook – first commander Light Artillery Company, 1st Brigade. Served in American Civil War.
  • Sergeant Michael J. Kelley – While serving with Echo Battery, 101st Field Artillery (TAB) at Camp Salerno, Afghanistan was killed in action on 8 June 2005 after the helicopter landing zone he was working at was hit by rocket fire. He was the first Massachusetts National Guardsman killed in action after the terrorist attacks on 11 September 2001.[8]
  • Private Walter Brennan, three-time Academy Award–winning actor, served with the 101st in France in World War I.[9][10]
  • Ernest R. Redmond, United States Army officer who served with the 101st Field Artillery in World War I and was later Chief of the National Guard Bureau
  • Sergeant Robert J. Barrett - While serving with Alpha Battery, 1st Battalion, 101st Field Artillery in Kabul, Afghanistan was killed in action on 19 April 2010. SGT Barrett was posthumously awarded the Bronze Star Medal and Purple Heart Medal.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "Special Designation Listing". United States Army Center of Military History. 21 April 2010. Archived from the original on 9 June 2010. Retrieved 14 July 2010. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  2. ^ Kondratiuk (Col Ret), Leonid (May 2007). "History of the 101st Field Artillery Regiment". Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  3. ^ Oldest Field Artillery Battalion Takes Charge at Camp Phoenix - DVIDS News
  4. ^ [1], Pilot program links Reserve components with active units for training.
  5. ^ Seth Gitell. "HISTORY LESSON: The gangs of Boston". Boston Phoenix. Archived from the original on 21 May 2008. Retrieved 21 January 2008. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  6. ^ "Celebrating Fourth of July around the South Shore". Patriot Ledger. 30 June 2006. Retrieved 24 January 2008.[permanent dead link]
  7. ^ "JUNE DAY PARADE AND DRUM HEAD ELECTION". Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company of Massachusetts. Archived from the original on 18 February 2008. Retrieved 24 January 2008. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  8. ^ "New England's War Dead - Afghanistan:Sergeant Michael J. Kelley, 26, Scituate, Mass". Boston Globe. 25 May 2004. Retrieved 21 January 2008.
  9. ^ WALTER BRENNAN PAPERS, 1895–1974, Donald C. & Elizabeth M. Dickinson Research Center, National Cowboy and Western Heritage Museum
  10. ^ World War I Draft Records, Essex County, Massachusetts; Roll: 1684678; Draft Board: 24.

External links[edit]