102nd Prince of Wales's Own Grenadiers

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102nd Prince of Wales's Own Grenadiers
Active 1759–1922
Country British Raj British India
Allegiance  British Empire
Branch British Raj Red Ensign.svg British Indian Army
Type Infantry
Size Regiment
Part of Bombay Army (to 1895)
Bombay Command
Uniform Red; faced white
Engagements French Revolutionary Wars
Third Anglo-Maratha War
First Afghan War
1868 Expedition to Abyssinia
Second Afghan War
World War I

The 102nd Prince of Wales's Own Grenadiers was an infantry regiment of the British Indian Army. It could trace its origins to 1796, when it was raised as the 13th Battalion, Bombay Native Infantry.

The Grenadiers were part of the Indian army which was sent to Egypt in 1801, to fight against the Napoleonic Campaign in Egypt in the French Revolutionary Wars. In 1818, the regiment's soldiers fought in the Maratha Wars, distinguishing themselves at the Battle of Koregaon in the Third Anglo-Maratha War.

In 1824 when it became a regiment in its own right, when it was named the 2nd or Grenadier Regiment of Bombay Native Infantry.

In 1840, it took part in the First Afghan War and then the 1868 Expedition to Abyssinia which was a punitive expedition carried out by armed forces of the British Empire against the Ethiopian Emperor Tewodros II of Ethiopia. In 1880, the unit took part in the Battle of Maiwand during the Second Afghan War. World War I began with it being stationed at Muscat, Oman and served in the Mesopotamia Campaign with the 14th Indian Division, taking part in the Second Battle of Kut and the Fall of Baghdad (1917). A second battalion was raised in 1917 that served in the Sinai and Palestine Campaign.

After World War I the Indian government reformed the army, moving from single battalion regiments to multi-battalion regiments.[1] In 1922, the 102nd Prince of Wales's Own Grenadiers became the 2nd Battalion, 4th Bombay Grenadiers. After independence it was one of the regiments allocated to the Indian Army.

Designations[edit]

Year Designation
1796 13th Battalion, Bombay Native Infantry
1797 1st Battalion, 5th Regiment Bombay Native Infantry
1798 2nd Battalion, 1st Regiment of Bombay Native Infantry
1818 2nd Battalion, Grenadier Regiment of Bombay Native Infantry
1824 2nd or Grenadier Regiment of Bombay Native Infantry
1876 2nd (Prince of Wales's Own) Regiment of Bombay Native Infantry (Grenadiers)
1885 2nd (Prince of Wales's Own) Regiment of Bombay Infantry (Grenadiers)
1901 2nd (Prince of Wales's Own) Bombay Grenadiers
1903 102nd Prince of Wales's Own Grenadiers
1922 2nd Battalion, 4th Bombay Grenadiers
1947 2nd Battalion, The Grenadiers

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sumner p.15
  • Barthorp, Michael; Burn, Jeffrey (1979). Indian infantry regiments 1860-1914. Osprey Publishing. ISBN 0-85045-307-0. 
  • Rinaldi, Richard A (2008). Order of Battle British Army 1914. Ravi Rikhye. ISBN 0-9776072-8-3. 
  • Sharma, Gautam (1990). Valour and sacrifice: famous regiments of the Indian Army. Allied Publishers. ISBN 81-7023-140-X. 
  • Sumner, Ian (2001). The Indian Army 1914-1947. Osprey Publishing. ISBN 1-84176-196-6. 
  • Moberly, F.J. (1923). Official History of the War: Mesopotamia Campaign, Imperial War Museum. ISBN 1-870423-30-5