1040s

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The 1040s was a decade of the Julian Calendar which began on January 1, 1040, and ended on December 31, 1049.

Events[edit]

1040


By place[edit]

Europe[edit]
England[edit]
Arabian Empire[edit]

By topic[edit]

Religion[edit]

1041[edit]

By place[edit]

Byzantine Empire[edit]
Europe[edit]
England[edit]
  • Edward the Confessor returns to England from exile in Normandy, to become the heir of his half-brother Harthacnut, as king of England. He reduces the navy from 60 to 32 ships, due to the tax burden.
  • The city of Worcester rebels against the taxes of Harthacnut. Edward enlists the help of Earl Godwin of Wessex (to support him in the right to claim the English throne) and marries his daughter Edith.
Africa[edit]
Asia[edit]
  • The number of enlisted soldiers in the Song Dynasty Chinese military reaches well over 1,250,000 troops, an increase since 1022, when there were a million soldiers (approximate date).

1042[edit]

By place[edit]

Byzantine Empire[edit]
  • April 19 – Emperor Michael V (Kalaphates) banishes his adoptive mother and co-ruler Zoë, for plotting to poison him, to the island of Principo. His announcement as sole emperor leads to a popular revolt.
  • April 20 – Zoë is proclaimed as empress at an assembly in Hagia Sophia along with her sister Theodora as co-ruler. Michael V flees to the monastery of Stoudios but is arrested, blinded and castrated.
  • Zoë recalls Synodianos, governor of the Catepanate of Italy, and replaces him with George Maniakes (the disgraced head of the Sicilian campaign). All of Apulia is in the hands of the Lombard rebels.
  • June 11 – Zoë marries (her third husband), a Byzantine bureaucrat who ascends as co-emperor Constantine IX at Constantinople. Theodora agrees to surrender her co-emperorship.
  • Summer – George Maniakes goes on a march through Apulia, plundering the towns that have declared for the Lombard rebels. Constantine IX recalls Maniakes to Constantinople.
  • George Maniakes revolts against Constantine IX and is declared emperor by his troops. He captures Pardos who has landed with a army at Otranto to take over his command.
  • Byzantine–Arab War: The Byzantines reconquer the fortress city of Edessa (modern Turkey). Returning it to Christian hands, after 400 years of Islamic rule (approximate date).
Europe[edit]
England[edit]
Arabian Empire[edit]

1043[edit]

By place[edit]

Byzantine Empire[edit]
Europe[edit]
England[edit]
Arabian Empire[edit]
Africa[edit]
Asia[edit]

1044[edit]

By place[edit]

Europe[edit]
Asia[edit]

By topic[edit]

Religion[edit]

1045[edit]

1046[edit]

By place[edit]

Europe[edit]
England[edit]
Asia[edit]
  • Bao Zheng (Lord Bao), a Chinese government officer during the reign of Emperor Ren Zong of the Song Dynasty, writes a memorial to the throne. He warns about governmental corruption – and a foreseeable bankruptcy of the Chinese iron industry – if increasingly poorer families continued to be listed on the register for iron-smelting households (while rich households avoid being listed for fear of financial calamity). Apparently the government heeds the warning, and produces more iron products by the year 1078 than China ever had before.
  • Munjong is crowned the 11th king of Goryeo (Korea).

By topic[edit]

Exploration[edit]
Religion[edit]

1047[edit]

By place[edit]

Byzantine Empire[edit]
  • September 2528 – Rebel general Leo Tornikios (a nephew of Emperor Constantine IX) proclaimes himself emperor at Adrianople and besieges Constantinople. Byzantine troops personally led by Constantine repel him and re-occupy the walls. Tornikios is forced to withdraw, while his followers start to abandon him. Finally, he is captured at a church in Boulgarophygon (modern Turkey) and is publicly blinded.[15]
  • Winter – Constantine IX allows the Pecheneg tribes to cross the Danube River and to settle permanently in Byzantine territory. He buys their alliance with presents, using them to attack his enemies – Bulgars and Magyars – in the rear and so to prevent any southward advance of the Kievan Rus'.[16]
Europe[edit]

By topic[edit]

Religion[edit]

1048[edit]

By place[edit]

Byzantine Empire[edit]
  • September 18Battle of Kapetrou: A combined Byzantine-Georgian army (50,000 men) under the Byzantine generals Aaronios and Katakalon Kekaumenos (supported by the Georgian duke Liparit IV) is defeated by the invading Seljuk Turks led by Ibrahim Inal (a half-brother of Sultan Tughril) at Kapetrou (near modern-day Pasinler). Ibrahim is able to safely withdraw the Byzantine territory, laden with spoils and captives, including Liparit.
  • Winter – Emperor Constantine IX sends an embassy with gifts and a ransom for the release of Liparit IV to Tughril. However, the sultan magnanimously sets free Liparit on condition that he will never again fight the Seljuks.
Europe[edit]
England[edit]

By topic[edit]

Religion[edit]

1049[edit]

By place[edit]

Byzantine Empire[edit]
Europe[edit]
Ireland[edit]
Africa[edit]
Asia[edit]

By topic[edit]

Religion[edit]

Significant people[edit]

Births[edit]

Deaths[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gilbert Meynier (2010). L'Algérie cœur du Maghreb classique. De l'ouverture islamo-arabe au repli (658-1518). Paris: La Découverte; p.50.
  2. ^ Richard Brzezinski (1998). History of Poland: Old Poland – The Piast Dynasty, p. 18. ISBN 83-7212-019-6.
  3. ^ "The Chronicle of Novgorod" (PDF). London Offices of the Society. 1914.
  4. ^ Simon Franklin, Jonathan Shepard, The Emergence of Kievan Rus' 750–1200, (Routledge, 2013), p. 253.
  5. ^ Adolphson, Mikael S. (2000). The Gates of Power: Monks, Courtiers, and Warriors in Premodern Japan. University of Hawaii Press. p. 77. ISBN 9780824823344.
  6. ^ "Edward the Confessor". BBC - History. Retrieved 30 May 2018.
  7. ^ "Westminster Abbey". www.westendatwar.org.uk. Retrieved 30 May 2018.
  8. ^ a b "Sylvester III - pope or antipope". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 30 May 2018.
  9. ^ "Gregory VI - pope". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 30 May 2018.
  10. ^ "No. 894: Inventing Printing". www.uh.edu. Retrieved 30 May 2018.
  11. ^ Ebrey, Patricia Buckley; Smith, Paul Jakov (2016). State Power in China, 900-1325. University of Washington Press. p. 192. ISBN 9780295998480.
  12. ^ Ebrey, Patricia Buckley; Smith, Paul Jakov (2016). State Power in China, 900-1325. University of Washington Press. p. 172. ISBN 9780295998480.
  13. ^ Huscroft, Richard (2005). Ruling England 1042–1217. London: Pearson Longman. p. 49. ISBN 0-582-84882-2.
  14. ^ Maund, Kari L. (2006). The Welsh Kings: Warriors, Warlords and Princes. Stroud: Tempus. pp. 89–90. ISBN 0-7524-2973-6.
  15. ^ Kazhdan, Alexander (1991). The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium, p. 2097. New York: Oxford University Press.
  16. ^ John Julius Norwich (2011). Byzantium: The Apogee, pp. 314–315. ISBN 0-394-53779-3.
  17. ^ Raoul Manselli (1960). "Altavilla, Drogone". Dizionario Biografico degli Italiani, vol. 2. Alberto Ghisalberti (ed.)
  18. ^ David C. Douglas (1999). William the Conqueror, p. 1026. (Yale University Press).
  19. ^ "Inside Oslo: Inside". Trip Advisor. Retrieved 25 March 2010.
  20. ^ a b Palmer, Alan; Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 50–51. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2.
  21. ^ Benvenuti, Gino (1985). Le Repubbliche Marinare. Amalfi, Pisa, Genova e Venezia. Rome: Newton & Compton Editori. p. 42. ISBN 88-8289-529-7.
  22. ^ Barlow, Frank (2002). The Godwins. Pearson Education Ltd. p. 39. ISBN 0-582-42381-3.