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Millennium: 2nd millennium
1042 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1042
Ab urbe condita1795
Armenian calendar491
Assyrian calendar5792
Balinese saka calendar963–964
Bengali calendar449
Berber calendar1992
English Regnal yearN/A
Buddhist calendar1586
Burmese calendar404
Byzantine calendar6550–6551
Chinese calendar辛巳年 (Metal Snake)
3738 or 3678
    — to —
壬午年 (Water Horse)
3739 or 3679
Coptic calendar758–759
Discordian calendar2208
Ethiopian calendar1034–1035
Hebrew calendar4802–4803
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1098–1099
 - Shaka Samvat963–964
 - Kali Yuga4142–4143
Holocene calendar11042
Igbo calendar42–43
Iranian calendar420–421
Islamic calendar433–434
Japanese calendarChōkyū 3
Javanese calendar945–946
Julian calendar1042
Korean calendar3375
Minguo calendar870 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar−426
Seleucid era1353/1354 AG
Thai solar calendar1584–1585
Tibetan calendar阴金蛇年
(female Iron-Snake)
1168 or 787 or 15
    — to —
(male Water-Horse)
1169 or 788 or 16

Christ Pantocrator flanked by Empress Zoë and Emperor Constantine IX (left).

Year 1042 (MXLII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.


By place[edit]

Byzantine Empire[edit]

  • April 19 – Emperor Michael V Kalaphates banishes his adoptive mother and co-ruler Zoë, for plotting to poison him, to the island of Principo. His announcement as sole emperor leads to a popular revolt.
  • April 20 – Zoë is proclaimed as empress at an assembly in Hagia Sophia, along with her sister Theodora, as co-ruler. Michael V flees to the monastery of Stoudios, but is arrested, blinded and castrated.
  • Zoë recalls Synodianos, governor of the Catepanate of Italy, and replaces him with George Maniakes (the disgraced head of the Sicilian campaign). All of Apulia is in the hands of the Lombard rebels.
  • June 11 – Zoë marries her third husband, a Byzantine bureaucrat who ascends as co-emperor Constantine IX at Constantinople. Theodora agrees to surrender her co-emperorship.
  • Summer – George Maniakes goes on a march through Apulia, plundering the towns that have declared for the Lombard rebels. Constantine IX recalls Maniakes to Constantinople.
  • George Maniakes revolts against Constantine IX and is declared emperor by his troops. He captures Pardos who has landed with an army at Otranto to take over his command.
  • Byzantine–Arab War: The Byzantines reconquer the fortress city of Edessa (modern Turkey), returning it to Christian hands, after 400 years of Islamic rule (approximate date).
  • Duklja secures its independence from the Byzantine Empire.



Islamic world[edit]




  1. ^ Richard Brzezinski (1998). History of Poland: Old Poland – The Piast Dynasty, p. 18. ISBN 83-7212-019-6.
  2. ^ "The Chronicle of Novgorod" (PDF). London Offices of the Society. 1914. Archived (PDF) from the original on October 9, 2022.