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This article is about the year 1044.
|1044 by topic|
|Lists of leaders|
|Political entities - State leaders - Religious leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Ab urbe condita||1797|
|English Regnal year||N/A|
|Chinese calendar||癸未年 (Water Goat)
3740 or 3680
— to —
甲申年 (Wood Monkey)
3741 or 3681
|- Vikram Samvat||1100–1101|
|- Shaka Samvat||965–966|
|- Kali Yuga||4144–4145|
|Japanese calendar||Chōkyū 5 / Kantoku 1
|Minguo calendar||868 before ROC
|Seleucid era||1355/1356 AG|
|Thai solar calendar||1586–1587|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1044.|
- September – Pope Benedict IX is forced out of office, and Sylvester III is elected to succeed him.
- King Anawrahta seizes the throne of Pagan in Myanmar.
- The Chinese military treatise of the Wujing Zongyao is written and compiled by scholars Zeng Gongliang (曾公亮), Ding Du (丁度), and Yang Weide (楊惟德), during the Song Dynasty. It is the first book in history to include formulas for gunpowder, and its use for various bombs (thrown by sling or trebuchet catapult). It also describes the double-piston pump flamethrower and a thermoremanence compass, a few decades before Shen Kuo wrote of the first known magnetic mariners compass. Although emphasizing the importance of many weapons, it reserves high respect for the crossbow, and the ability of crossbowmen to fell charging units of nomadic cavalrymen.