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|1055 by topic|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Ab urbe condita||1808|
|Balinese saka calendar||976–977|
|English Regnal year||N/A|
|Chinese calendar||甲午年 (Wood Horse)|
3751 or 3691
— to —
乙未年 (Wood Goat)
3752 or 3692
|- Vikram Samvat||1111–1112|
|- Shaka Samvat||976–977|
|- Kali Yuga||4155–4156|
|Japanese calendar||Tengi 3|
|Minguo calendar||857 before ROC|
|Seleucid era||1366/1367 AG|
|Thai solar calendar||1597–1598|
1181 or 800 or 28
— to —
1182 or 801 or 29
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1055.|
- January 11 – Theodora becomes reigning empress of the Byzantine Empire.
- October 24 – Ralph the Timid is defeated by the Welsh.
- Ferdinand I of Castile begins his campaign against al-Andalus. The king conquers Seia from the Christian allies of the Muslim taifas. In a drive to consolidate his southern border, he repopulates the city of Zamora with some of his Cantabrian (montañeses) subjects.
- Construction on the Liaodi Pagoda in Hebei is completed (the tallest pagoda in Chinese history, standing at a height of 84 m (275 ft) tall).
- April 13 – Pope Victor II succeeds Pope Leo IX, as the 153rd pope.
- King Andrew I of Hungary establishes the Benedictine Tihany Abbey. Its foundation charter is the earliest written record extant in the Hungarian language.
- January 10 – Bretislav I, Duke of Bohemia
- January 11 – Constantine IX Monomachos, emperor of the Eastern Roman Empire
- August 28 – Emperor Xingzong of Liao (b. 1016)
- May 26 – Adalbert, Margrave of Austria
- Princess Godgifu, daughter of Æthelred the Unready
- A Nong, Zhuang shaman, matriarch and warrior (b. 1005)