From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
|Centuries:||10th century – 11th century – 12th century|
|Decades:||1030s 1040s 1050s – 1060s – 1070s 1080s 1090s|
|Years:||1063 1064 1065 – 1066 – 1067 1068 1069|
|1066 by topic|
|Lists of leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Ab urbe condita||1819|
|English Regnal year||1 Will. 1|
|Chinese calendar||乙巳年 (Wood Snake)
3762 or 3702
— to —
丙午年 (Fire Horse)
3763 or 3703
|- Vikram Samvat||1122–1123|
|- Shaka Samvat||988–989|
|- Kali Yuga||4167–4168|
|Japanese calendar||Jiryaku 2
|Minguo calendar||846 before ROC
|Seleucid era||1377/1378 AG|
|Thai solar calendar||1608–1609|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1066.|
Year 1066 (MLXVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. The year was a turning point in English history due to the Battle of Hastings and ensuing Norman conquest of England.
- Norman conquest of England:
- January 5 – Edward the Confessor of York dies. The Witenagemot proclaims Harold Godwinson King of England.
- January 6 – Harold II is crowned King of England, probably in the new Westminster Abbey.
- January (approx.) – Harold marries Ealdgyth, daughter of Earl Ælfgar, and widow of Welsh ruler Gruffydd ap Llywelyn.
- March 20 – Halley's Comet reaches perihelion. Its appearance is subsequently recorded in the Bayeux Tapestry.
- September 18 – Norwegian king Harald Hardrada land on the beaches of Scarborough and began his invasion of England.
- September 20 – Battle of Fulford: Norwegian king Harald Hardrada defeats the northern English earls Edwin and Walther.
- September 25 – Battle of Stamford Bridge: Word traveled fast of the Battle of Fulford King Harold Godwinson made a crucial decision to ride North to meet the invaders. Harold defeats Harald Hardrada and Harold's brother, who became his partner, Tostig Godwinson.
- September 28 – Duke William of Normandy lands in England at Pevensey.
- October 14 – Battle of Hastings, fought between King Harold II of England and Duke William of Normandy: Harold was killed by an arrow to the eye, but some say he was surrounded by a band of Norman knights. William is victorious. In England this is the traditional end of the Dark Ages, generally known by scholars as the Early Middle Ages.
- December 25 – Duke William of Normandy is crowned King William I of England in Westminster Abbey.
- December 30 – Granada massacre: A Muslim mob storms the royal palace in Granada, crucifies Jewish vizier Joseph ibn Naghrela and massacres most of the Jewish population of the city.
- The Republic of Genoa, jealous of the recent successes of its former allies, launches a naval assault on the Republic of Pisa.
- Magnus II Haraldsson is crowned King of Norway.
- Upon the death of Stenkil, King of Sweden, two rivals named Eric battle for power in Sweden, both claiming the throne, until the next year.
- Hedeby is destroyed by a Slavic army and permanently abandoned.
- Tain becomes the first town in the Kingdom of Scotland to be chartered as a royal burgh.
- January 5 – King Edward the Confessor of England
- September 25 – killed at the Battle of Stamford Bridge:
- October 14 – killed at the Battle of Hastings:
- November 11 – John Scotus (bishop of Mecklenburg) (b. approx. 990) – sacrificed to Radegast
- Stenkil, king of Sweden since 1060
- Ibn Butlan, Baghdad physician
- Imam Bayhaqi, eminent Islamic scholar