|Millennium:||1st millennium BC|
|106 BC by topic|
|Gregorian calendar||106 BC|
|Ab urbe condita||648|
|Ancient Egypt era||XXXIII dynasty, 218|
|- Pharaoh||Ptolemy X Alexander, 2|
|Ancient Greek era||168th Olympiad, year 3|
|Balinese saka calendar||N/A|
|Chinese calendar||甲戌年 (Wood Dog)|
2591 or 2531
— to —
乙亥年 (Wood Pig)
2592 or 2532
|Coptic calendar||−389 – −388|
|Ethiopian calendar||−113 – −112|
|- Vikram Samvat||−49 – −48|
|- Shaka Samvat||N/A|
|- Kali Yuga||2995–2996|
|Iranian calendar||727 BP – 726 BP|
|Islamic calendar||749 BH – 748 BH|
|Minguo calendar||2017 before ROC|
|Seleucid era||206/207 AG|
|Thai solar calendar||437–438|
21 or −360 or −1132
— to —
22 or −359 or −1131
Year 106 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. At the time it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Caepio and Serranus (or, less frequently, year 648 Ab urbe condita) and the Fifth Year of Yuanfeng. The denomination 106 BC for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.
- The Romans under Quintus Servilius Caepio seize the Gold of Tolosa while recapturing the Volcae town.
- Nicomedes III of Bithynia and Mithridates VI of Pontus share their dominion over Paphlagonia.
- Following the death of General-in-Chief Wei Qing, his sister Empress Wei Zifu and nephew Crown Prince Liu Ju begin to lose influence at court.
- January 3 – Cicero, Roman politician and author (d. 43 BC)
- September 29 – Pompey the Great, Roman general and politician (d. 48 BC)
- Servius Sulpicius Rufus, Roman politician (d. 43 BC)
- Wei Qing, Chinese general of the Han Dynasty
- ^ Hung, Hing Ming (2020). The Magnificent Emperor Wu: China's Han Dynasty. p. 226. ISBN 978-1628944167.
- ^ "Pompey the Great | Roman statesman | Britannica". www.britannica.com. Retrieved December 2, 2022.